ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201705.0011.v1
Subject: Engineering, Chemical Engineering Keywords: biophenols; olive oil; polyphenols; hydroxytyrosol
Online: 1 May 2017 (10:09:39 CEST)
The biophenol integral extraction protocol from vegetation water developed in the early 2000s for the three-phase olive mill was adapted to a large two-phase mill operating in Sicily during the 2016/2017 season. The new set-up allows extensive recovery of olive phenolics, transforming previous waste into a source of revenues for the milling company and of valued bioproducts for its bioeconomy partner, while eliminating a source of potential pollution altogether.
CONCEPT PAPER | doi:10.20944/preprints202010.0327.v1
Subject: Biology And Life Sciences, Biochemistry And Molecular Biology Keywords: omega-3; polyphenols; olive; PUFA; hydroxytyrosol; bioeconomy
Online: 15 October 2020 (15:12:25 CEST)
Thanks to the pioneering studies of Østerud and co-workers it is now increasingly understood that natural polyphenols present in marine oils play an essential role in protecting omega-3 lipids from oxidation and autooxidation ensuring that no proinflammatory products are formed after intake as it often happens with assumption of refined omega-3 concentrates. Strong antioxidants exerting multiple biological functions, olive biophenols are ideally suited to functionalize marine oils creating a synergy which has the potential to foster public health across the world. This study identifies suitable avenues to advance the sustainable production of health-beneficial formulations based on newly obtained natural marine oils and olive phenolic extracts. Important educational outcomes for bioeconomy educators conclude the study.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202011.0215.v1
Subject: Medicine And Pharmacology, Immunology And Allergy Keywords: Pancreatic Cancer; PLGA-PAA copolymer; Hydroxytyrosol; Curcumin; Apoptosis
Online: 5 November 2020 (14:51:15 CET)
Background and Aim: Pancreatic cancer (PC) is a highly aggressive malignancy associated with low survival rates. Many chemotherapeutic regimens have been investigated for advanced unresectable and metastatic PC, but with only minimal improvement in survival and prognosis. The present study aimed to investigate the anti-cancer function of free and nano-encapsulated hydroxytyrosol (Hyd) and curcumin (Cur), and its combinations (Hyd-Cur) on the PANC-1 cell line.Methods: The poly lactide-co-glycolide-co-polyacrylic acid (PLGA-co-PAA) nano-encapsulated Hyd and Cur were synthesized, and MTT assay was performed to evaluate cytotoxic effects of free and nano-encapsulated Hyd, Cur, and Hyd-Cur. Moreover, effects of free and nano-encapsulated Hyd, Cur, and Hyd-Cur were evaluated on viability, migration, morphological alterations, colony formation, and apoptosis on PANC-1 cell line. The mRNA expression levels of MMP2, MMP9, BAX, BCL-2, and Cas9 genes were assessed after treated PANC-1 cells with free and nano-encapsulated Hyd, Cur, and Hyd-Cur.Results: The obtained results showed that free and nano-encapsulated Hyd, Cur, and Hyd-Cur treatments significantly decreased the viability, migration, and colony formation in the PANC-1 cells. Furthermore, apoptosis rates in PANC-1 cells were increased in a concentration and time dependent manner in all of the treatment groups. Moreover, anti-proliferative activity of nano-encapsulated Hyd-Cur was significantly more than other treatments.Conclusion: According to our results, Hyd-Cur combination and nano-encapsulation therapy exerts more profound apoptotic and anti-proliferative effects on PANC-1 cell line than free Hyd or Hyd monotherapy.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202209.0371.v1
Subject: Medicine And Pharmacology, Pharmacology And Toxicology Keywords: olive phenolics; hydroxytyrosol; oxidized LDL; ox-LDL; isoprostanes; F2-isoprostanes
Online: 23 September 2022 (10:23:51 CEST)
In the present study we report the efficacy of food matrices derived from olives in preventing oxidation of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL) and lipid peroxidation. To this end, 12 healthy volunteers were divided into 3 groups and cross-received a single dose of olive phenolics, mainly hydroxytyrosol (HT), provided as a liquid dietary supplement (30.6 or 61.5 mg HT), or as fortified extra virgin olive oil (12.19 mg HT + tyrosol). Blood and urine samples were collected at baseline and up to 12 hours after ingestion. Plasma oxidized LDL levels were measured by ELISA using a monoclonal antibody, while F2-isoprostanes were quantified in urine by UHPLC-MS/MS. Despite the great variability between individuals, a tendency to reduce lipoxidation reactions has been observed after olive phenolics intake in both, blood and urine. In addition, the subgroup of individuals with the highest baseline lipoxidation level showed a decrease in F2-isoprostanes (p < 0.05) after taking the food supplements, as well as a marked decrease in oxidized LDL levels (p < 0.01) after intake of the food supplement with the lowest HT dose. These promising results suggest that HT supplementation could be a useful aid in preventing lipoxidation. Additionally, people with a redox imbalance could benefit even more from supplementing with bioavailable HT.
REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints202306.1558.v1
Subject: Medicine And Pharmacology, Dietetics And Nutrition Keywords: olive oil; extra virgin olive oil; phenolic bioactive compounds; cognitive decline; hydroxytyrosol; tyrosol; cognitive performance; neuroprotection
Online: 21 June 2023 (13:17:20 CEST)
Epidemiological studies have shown that consuming olive oil rich in phenolic bioactive compounds is associated with a lower risk of neurodegenerative diseases and better cognitive performance in aged populations. Since oxidative stress is a common hallmark of age-related cognitive decline, incorporating exogenous antioxidants could have beneficial effects on brain aging. In this review, we firstly summarize and critically discuss the current preclinical evidence and the potential neuroprotective mechanisms. Existing studies indicates that olive oil phenolic compounds can modulate and counteract oxidative stress and neuroinflammation, two relevant pathways linked to the onset and progression of neurodegenerative processes. Secondly, we summarize the current clinical evidence. In contrast to preclinical studies, there is no direct evidence in humans of the bioactivity of olive oil phenolic compounds. Instead, we have summarized current findings regarding nutritional interventions supplemented with olive oil on cognition. A growing body of research indicates that high consumption of olive oil phenolic compounds is associated with better preservation of cognitive performance, conferring an additional benefit, independent of the dietary pattern. In conclusion, the consumption olive oil rich in phenolic bioactive compounds has potential neuroprotective effects. Further research is needed to understand the underlying mechanisms and potential clinical applications.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201811.0142.v1
Subject: Biology And Life Sciences, Toxicology Keywords: melatonin, protocatechuic acid, hydroxytyrosol, α-synuclein, toxicity, amyloid aggregation, neurodegeneration, Parkinson´s disease, olive oil, wine
Online: 6 November 2018 (13:09:18 CET)
The abnormal assembly of α-synuclein (α-Syn) is an initial step in the formation of Lewy bodies in the brain, which finally causes the neuronal death, being considered as a pathological hallmark in Parkinson’s disease (PD). Certain food bioactives or their metabolites at very low concentrations can trespass the blood brain barrier (BBB) that might, thereafter, act simultaneously. The aim of this work was to evaluate the inhibitory and destabilising capacities on α-Syn kinetics and the neuroprotective effects of three well-known bioactive compounds able to cross the BBB and present in foods; melatonin (MEL), protocatechuic acid (PCA) and hydroxytyrosol (HT), and their combinations. For this purpose, different in vitro techniques (Thioflavin T (ThT), Transmission Electronic Microscopy (TEM), electrophoresis and MTT assay) were used. All tested compounds and their combinations were able to abolish the toxicity induced by α-Syn. In addition, the combination of PCA (100 µM) +HT (100 µM) showed the highest inhibitory effect against α-Syn fibril formation and destabilises α-Syn fibrils (88 and 62%, respectively). This is the first time that MEL, PCA and HT prove a joint effect against α-Syn aggregation and toxicity when they are tested together.