ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202208.0217.v1
Subject: Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear Chemistry Keywords: Ruthenium; crystal structures; ferromagnetic coupling; molecular magnetism; single-ion magnet.
Online: 11 August 2022 (11:41:41 CEST)
Two mononuclear Ru(III) complexes of formula trans-[RuCl4(Hgua)(dmso)]·2H2O (1) and trans-[RuCl4(Hgua)(gua)]·3H2O (2) [Hgua = protonated guanine (gua), dmso = dimethyl sulfoxide] have been synthesized and characterized magnetostructurally. Compounds 1 and 2 crystallize in the monoclinic system with space groups P21/n and Pc, respectively. Each Ru(III) ion in 1 and 2 is six-coordinate and bonded to four chloride ions and one (1) or two (2) nitrogen atoms from guanine molecules and one sulfur atom (1) of a dmso solvent molecule, generating quasi regular octahedral geometries in both cases. In their crystal packing, the Ru(III) complexes are self-assembled mainly through an extended network of N-H⋯Cl hydrogen bonds and π⋯Cl type intermolecular interactions, forming novel supramolecular structures based on this paramagnetic 4d metal ion. Variable-temperature dc magnetic susceptibility measurements performed on microcrystalline samples of 1 and 2 show a different magnetic behavior. While 1 is a ferromagnetic compound at low temperature, 2 exhibits a behavior typical of noninteracting mononuclear Ru(III) complexes with S = 1/2. Ac magnetic susceptibility measurements reveal slow relaxation of the magnetization in the presence of external dc fields only for 2, hence indicating the occurrence of field-induced single-ion magnet (SIM) phenomenon in this mononuclear guanine-based Ru(III) complex.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201805.0071.v1
Subject: Physical Sciences, Condensed Matter Physics Keywords: Kondo Lattice; localized moments; ferromagnetic correlations
Online: 3 May 2018 (12:03:16 CEST)
We study the electron spin resonance (ESR) line width for localized moments within the framework of the Kondo lattice model. An ESR signal for an impurity can only be observed if the Kondo temperature is sufficiently small. On the other hand, for the Kondo lattice, short-range ferromagnetic correlations (FM) between the localized spins are necessary to obtain an observable signal. The spin relaxation rate (line width) is inversely proportional to the static magnetic susceptibility. The FM enhance the susceptibility and hence reduce the line width. For most of the heavy fermion systems displaying an ESR signal the FM arise in the ab-plane from the strong lattice anisotropy. An ESR signal was observed in the cubic heavy fermion compound CeB6 which has a Γ8 ground-quartet. The orbital content of the Γ8-quartet gives rise to an antiferro-quadrupolar ordered (AFQ) phase below 4 K. Single ions with a Γ8 ground-multiplet are expected to display four transitions, however, only one has been observed. We address the effects of the interplay of AFQ and FM on the phase diagram and the ESR line width. While for anisotropic Ce and Yb compounds with ESR-signal it is difficult to distinguish if the resonance is due to localized spins or conducting heavy electron spins, an itinerant picture within the AFQ phase is necessary to explain the electron spin resonances for CeB6. The longitudinal magnetic susceptibility has a quasi-elastic central peak of line width 1/T1 and inelastic peaks for the absorption/emission of excitation. The latter are measured via inelastic neutron scattering (INS) and provide insights into the magnetic order. We briefly summarize some of the INS results for CeB6 in the context of the picture that emerged from the ESR experiments.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201909.0180.v1
Subject: Materials Science, Biomaterials Keywords: ferromagnetic fibre network; human albumin; fibrin hydrogel; human foetal osteoblasts; human endothelial cells
Online: 17 September 2019 (04:48:21 CEST)
Porous coatings on prosthetic implants encourage implant fixation. Enhanced fixation may be achieved using a magneto-active porous coating that can deform elastically in vivo on application of an external magnetic field, straining in-growing bone. Such coating, made of 444 ferritic stainless steel fibres, was previously characterised in terms of its mechanical and cellular responses. In this work, co-cultures of human osteoblasts and endothelial cells were seeded into a novel fibrin-based hydrogel embedded in a 444 ferritic stainless steel fibre network. Albumin was successfully incorporated into fibrin hydrogels improving the specific permeability and the diffusion of fluorescently-tagged dextrans without affecting their Young’s modulus. The beneficial effect of albumin was demonstrated by upregulation of osteogenic and angiogenic gene expression. Furthermore, mineralisation, extracellular matrix production and formation of vessel-like structures were enhanced in albumin-enriched fibrin hydrogels compared to fibrin hydrogels. Collectively, the results indicate that the albumin-enriched fibrin hydrogel is a promising bio-matrix for bone tissue engineering and orthopaedic applications.
REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints201701.0118.v1
Subject: Physical Sciences, Condensed Matter Physics Keywords: organic conductors; one dimensional metal; Kondo lattice; Peierls and spin-Peierls transitions; frustrated anti-ferromagnetic systems
Online: 26 January 2017 (07:48:59 CET)
We summarize structural instabilities exhibited by the one dimensional (1D) (arene)2X family of organic conductors in relation with their electronic and magnetic properties. With a charge transfer of one electron to each anion X these salts exhibit a quarter-filled (hole) conduction band located on the donor stacks. Compounds built with donors such as fluorenthene and perylene derivatives and anions X such PF6 or AsF6 exhibit a high temperature (TP~170K) conventional Peierls transition which is announced by a sizeable regime of 1D 2kF charge density wave fluctuations (kF is the Fermi wave vector of the 1D electron gas located on Per stacks). Surprisingly, and probably because of the presence of a multi-sheet warped Fermi surface, the Peierls transition is considerably reduced in the perylene series α-(Per)2[M(mnt)2] where X is the dithiolate molecule with M=Au, Cu, Co and Fe. A special attention is devoted in this paper to physical properties of α-(Per)2[M(mnt)2] salts which with M=Pt, Pd and Ni incorporate segregated S=1/2 1D antiferromagnetic (AF) dithiolate stacks with 1D metallic Per stacks. We analyse conjointly the structural and magnetic properties of these salts in relation with the 1D spin-Peierls (SP) instability located on the dithiolate stacks. We show that the SP instability of the Pd and Ni derivatives occurs in the classical (adiabatic limit) while the SP instability of the Pt derivative occurs in the quantum (anti-adiabatic limit). Furthermore we show that in the Pd and Ni derivatives frustrated 1st neighbour direct and 2nd neighbour indirect (through a fine tuning with the mediated 2kF RKKY coupling interaction on Per stacks) AF interactions add their contribution to the SP instability to open a singlet-triplet gap. Our analysis of the data show unambiguously that magnetic α-(Per)2[M(mnt)2] salts are a typical realization of the physics predicted for two chain 1D Kondo lattices.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201807.0268.v1
Subject: Materials Science, Nanotechnology Keywords: anodization; atomic layer deposition; diameter modulated nanowire; micromagnetic simulation; ferromagnetic nanowire; MOKE; domain wall; magnetization reversal; Barkhausen jump
Online: 16 July 2018 (09:50:29 CEST)
Controlling functional properties of matter and combine them for engineering a functional device is nowadays a common direction of scientific community. For instance, heterogeneous magnetic nanostructures can make use of different types of geometrical and compositional modulations to achieve the control of the magnetization reversal along with the nano-entities and thus enabling the fabrication of spintronic, magnetic data storage and sensing devices, among others. In this work, diameter modulated FeNi nanowires are fabricated paying special effort to obtain sharp transition regions between two segments of different diameters (from about 450 nm to 120 nm), enabling precise control over the magnetic behavior of the sample. Micromagnetic simulations performed on single bi-segmented nanowires predict a double step magnetization reversal where the wide segment magnetization switches near 200 Oe through a vortex domain wall, while at 500 Oe the magnetization of the narrow one is reversed through a corkscrew like mechanism. Finally, these results are confirmed with magneto-optic Kerr effect measurements at the transition of isolated bi-segmented nanowires. Furthermore, macroscopic vibrating sample magnetometry is used to demonstrate that the magnetic decoupling of nanowire segments is the main phenomenon occurring over the entire fabricated nanowires.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201702.0029.v1
Subject: Chemistry, Inorganic & Nuclear Chemistry Keywords: cyanide-bridged heterometallic assemblies; octacyanotungstate(V); Mn(III) Schiff base complexes; single-chain magnet; 1D coordination polymers; metamagnet; ferromagnetic coupling
Online: 9 February 2017 (15:09:31 CET)
Abstract: Two novel low-dimensional molecular magnetic materials were prepared by a self-assembling of 3d- and 5d-metal complexes. These are the first neutral heterobimetallic cyanobridged compounds involving one anisotropic Mn(III) Schiff base complex and one octacyanotungstate(V) per molecular unit. A slow diffusion of the constituents’ solutions leads to a formation of the 0D crystalline complex 1 due to coordination of a water molecule to the Mn center prevents a polymer formation. A rapid mixing of reagents results in a precipitation of the microcrystalline powder of the complex 2, which on a totality of experimental data possess 1D polymeric structure. The magnetic studies have shown that antiferromagnetic exchange interactions are dominating in 1 J/kB= -13.1(7) K, D=-3.0(1.3) K, zJ'= -0.16(20) K and gav=2.00(1); while the presence of the significant intramolecular Mn(III)–W(V) ferromagnetic couplings through cyanide bridges is characteristic for 2 (J/kB = 46.1(5) K gMn = 2.11(3), fixed gW = 2.0). Due to the weak interchain interactions, zJ'/kB = –0.8(2) K, compound 2 is a metamagnet with the Néel temperature of 9.5 K undergoing a spin-flip transition at 2 kOe. The slow magnetization dynamics of 2 was investigated at DС field of 0 and 2 kOe, giving the values of τ0 32(15) and 36(15) ps respectively, well within the range typical for SCMs. The respective ∆τ/kB values were 48.4(1.2) and 44.9(1.0) K.