ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201905.0090.v1
Subject: Mathematics & Computer Science, Artificial Intelligence & Robotics Keywords: intelligence; inductive methods; deductive methods; pseudorandom number; artificial intelligence; Prolog; Otter; Z3; deep learning; ensemble methods; automated reasoning; coin-weighing puzzles
Online: 8 May 2019 (10:03:46 CEST)
This paper briefly reviews the state of the art in artificial intelligence including inductive and deductive methods. Deep learning and ensemble machine learning lie in inductive methods while automated reasoning implemented in deductive computer languages (Prolog, Otter, and Z3) is based on deductive methods. In the inductive methods, intelligence is inferred by pseudorandom number for creating the sophisticated decision trees in Go (game), Shogi (game), and quiz bowl questions. This paper demonstrates how to wisely use the pseudorandom number for solving coin-weighing puzzles with the deductive method. Monte Carlo approach is a general purpose problem-solving method using random number. The proposed method using pseudorandom number lies in one of Monte Carlo methods. In the proposed method, pseudorandom number plays a key role in generating constrained solution candidates for coin-weighing puzzles. This may be the first attempt that every solution candidate is solely generated by pseudorandom number while deductive rules are used for verifying solution candidates. In this paper, the performance of the proposed method was measured by comparing with the existing open source codes by solving 12-coin and 24-coin puzzles respectively.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201812.0312.v1
Subject: Social Sciences, Education Studies Keywords: Word-Acaid, Philosophy, Behaviour, Conceptual Analysis, logic, deductive and inductive reasoning
Online: 26 December 2018 (11:59:45 CET)
This article addresses the role the Word-Acaid Philosophy plays in directing or guiding human behaviour in all situations and circumstances. It discusses the origin of the philosophy when I asked myself the following question: “Why do I do what I do when I do what I do?” This question led me to carefully self-examine to discover the reason for my behaviours. Once the philosophy was crafted, I observed that all other human beings seem to go through the same process. The philosophy did not originate as a formal study. However, in this article I did a systematic study on the concepts to verify the initial propositions. In order to achieve my goal a formal study was done using a descriptive approach to explicate the modus operandi of the philosophy with a view of understanding its nature and the role each of the essential elements plays. A conceptual analysis method was used focusing on the definition of key concepts. It was conclusively found that each concept played a significant role in driving human behaviour in every situation. The findings’ implications are very significant to trainers, coaches, educators and all whose goal is to affect human beings towards particular exit outcomes. The findings made it very simple also for me to deductively conclude that the philosophy is a system and is valid.