ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202004.0288.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Analysis Keywords: branch points; bifurcation points; Fredholm operator; uniformization; asymptotics; iterations; regularization
Online: 17 April 2020 (01:34:37 CEST)
The necessary and sufficient conditions of existence of the nonlinear operator equations' branches of solutions in the neighbourhood of branching points are derived. The approach is based on reduction of the nonlinear operator equations to finite-dimensional problems. Methods of nonlinear functional analysis, integral equations, spectral theory based on index of Kronecker-Poincare, Morse-Conley index, power geometry and other methods are employed. Proposed methodology enables justification of the theorems on existence of bifurcation points and bifurcation sets in the nonstandard models. Formulated theorems are constructive. For a certain smoothness of the nonlinear operator, the asymptotic behaviour of the solutions is analysed in the neighbourhood of the branch points and uniformly converging iterative schemes with a choice of the uniformization parameter enables the comprehensive analysis of the problems details. General theorems are illustrated on the nonlinear integral equations.
COMMUNICATION | doi:10.20944/preprints201901.0284.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Applied Mathematics Keywords: tridiagonal representation; orthogonal polynomials; potential functions; asymptotics; recursion relation; spectrum formula
Online: 29 January 2019 (04:37:49 CET)
Using an algebraic method for solving the wave equation in quantum mechanics, we encountered a new class of orthogonal polynomials on the real line. One of these is a four-parameter polynomial with a discrete spectrum. Another that appeared while solving a Heun-type equation has a mix of continuous and discrete spectra. Based on these results and on our recent study of the solution space of an ordinary differential equation of the second kind with four singular points, we introduce a modification of the hypergeometric polynomials in the Askey scheme. Up to now, all of these polynomials are defined only by their three-term recursion relations and initial values. However, their other properties like the weight function, generating function, orthogonality, Rodrigues-type formula, etc. are yet to be derived analytically. This is an open problem in orthogonal polynomials.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202106.0328.v1
Subject: Business, Economics And Management, Accounting And Taxation Keywords: stochastic processes; finance; climate; discount function; environmental econonomics; Poissonian jumps; Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process; interest rates; asymptotics
Online: 14 June 2021 (07:47:51 CEST)
We develop the process of discounting when underlying rates follow a jump-diffusion process, that is, when, in addition of diffusive behavior, rates suffer a series of finite discontinuities located at random Poissonian times. Jump amplitudes are also random and governed by an arbitrary density. Such a model may describe the economic evolution specially when extreme situations occur (pandemics, global wars, etc.). When between jumps the dynamical evolution is governed by an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck diffusion process, we obtain exact and explicit expressions for the discount function and the long-run discount rate and show that the presence of discontinuities may drastically reduce the discount rate, a fact that has significant consequences for environmental planning. We also discuss as a specific example the case when rates are described by the continous time random walk.