Subject: Engineering, Energy And Fuel Technology Keywords: Distributed; Parallel-connected pumps; Speed Ratio; Optimal control; Spanning tree
Online: 7 July 2020 (17:26:02 CEST)
The energy efficient problem of parallel-connected pumps in heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems has received an increasing attention in recent years. While many pump optimization methods are proposed and show great performance, pumps are not always energy efficient and lack flexibility. In this paper, we propose a distributed control algorithm for parallel pumps in HVAC system in a peer-to-peer setting. Based on a spanning tree of the network of the intelligent nodes and a population of potential solutions randomly sampled, the algorithm makes optimal control decision for pumps to minimize energy consumption and meet the system demand. The theoretical analysis on convergence of the algorithm is established. Unlike traditional control structure, the whole system is fully distributed and each pump is controlled by an intelligent node that runs identical control code and coordinates with other nodes through direct data exchange. Simulation experiments on 6 parallel-connected pumps are provided for different working cases to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm and compare with other four methods. The results show that our method strictly satisfies the demand constraint and presents a good energy saving potential, the convergence guarantee, the flexibility. The maximum energy saving can be up to 29.92%. Besides, the hardware test clearly presents that our method can perform on low-cost Raspberry Pi3 and reduce system cost.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202302.0221.v1
Subject: Biology And Life Sciences, Animal Science, Veterinary Science And Zoology Keywords: Larimichthys polyactis; Collichthys lucidus; genome; phylogeny; ortholog; growth-related gene
Online: 13 February 2023 (15:08:07 CET)
In this study, we de novo assembled whole genomes of two small body-sized West Pacific sciaenids (Larimichthys polyactis and Collichthys lucidus) and compared them with published genome data of two closely-related, large body-sized species (Larimichthys crocea and Miichthys miiuy) and one distantly-related, large body-sized outgroup species (Dicentrarchus labrax). The phylogeny constructed using 7,403 single-copy orthologs shared among the five species indicated that L. crocea and L. polyactis diverged about 42 MYA. The two sibling taxa are more closely-related to C. lucidus than M. miiuy. We further identified four growth-related genes (CDHR2, PGC, PTN and PDGFA) that host five diagnostic amino acid variants on body size traits in the fishes, splitting small-body sized L. polyactis and C. lucidus from large-body sized L. crocea, M. miiuy and D. labrax. The results provide new genomic resources and guidelines to facilitate future endeavors in studying functional genomics and developing selective breeding programs for desirable growth traits in sciaenids.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202007.0167.v1
Subject: Business, Economics And Management, Econometrics And Statistics Keywords: renewable energy; energy consumption; air pollution; spatial dubin model; spatial analysis
Online: 9 July 2020 (06:00:31 CEST)
The rapid development of China's economy has led to a rapid increase in energy production and use. Among them, the excessive consumption of coal in fossil energy consumption is the leading cause of air pollution in China. This paper incorporates renewable energy innovation, fossil energy consumption and air pollution into a unified analysis framework, and uses spatial measurement models to investigate the spatial effects of renewable energy green innovation and fossil energy consumption on air pollution in China, and decomposes the total impact into direct and indirect effects. influences. The empirical results show that China's air pollution, renewable energy green innovation and fossil energy consumption are extremely uneven in geographical space, generally showing the characteristics of high in the east and low in the west, and showing a strong spatial aggregation phenomenon. Fossil energy consumption will lead to increased air pollution, and the replacement of fossil fuels with clean and renewable energy is an important means of controlling pollution emissions. The direct and indirect effects of renewable energy green innovation on air pollution are significantly negative, indicating that renewable energy green innovation not only suppresses local air pollution, but also suppresses air pollution in neighboring areas. The consumption of fossil energy will significantly increase the local air pollution, and the impact on the SO2 and Dust&Smoke pollution in the adjacent area is not very obvious. It is recommended to strengthen investment in renewable energy green innovation, reduce the proportion of traditional fossil energy consumption, and pay attention to the spatial connection and spillover of renewable energy green innovation.