ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202310.2005.v1
Subject: Biology And Life Sciences, Biochemistry And Molecular Biology Keywords: Leucyl-tRNA synthetase; transcriptome; metabolome; Aspergillus montevidensis; osmotic tolerance
Online: 31 October 2023 (09:59:35 CET)
Aspergillus montevidensis is an important domesticated fungus that has been applied to produce many traditional fermented foods under high osmotic conditions. However, the detailed mechanisms of tolerance to osmotic stress remain largely unknown. Here, we construct a target-deleted strain (ΔLeuRS) of A. montevidensis and found that the ΔLeuRS mutants grew slowly and suppressed the development of the cleistothecium compared to the wide-type strains (WT) under salt-stressed conditions. Furthermore, differentially expressed genes (P<0.0001) governed by LeuRS were involved in salt tolerance, ABC transporter, amino acid metabolism, sugar metabolism, and reproduction process. The ΔLeuRS strains compared to WT strains under short- and long-term salinity stress especially altered accumulation levels of metabolites, such as amino acids and derivatives, carbohydrates, organic acids, and fatty acids. The study provides new insights into the underlying mechanisms of salinity tolerance and lays a foundation for favor improvement of foods fermented with A. montevidensis.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202208.0352.v1
Subject: Chemistry And Materials Science, Medicinal Chemistry Keywords: Oxidative Stress, Free radical scavenging, Autophagy, Ischemia/reperfusion injury, Hypox-ia/reoxygenation, Mitophagy
Online: 18 August 2022 (14:33:17 CEST)
Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury results in cell death by inducing apoptosis. During I/R, early generation of mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (mtROS) can induce neighboring mitochondria to release additional ROS, a toxic cycle resulting in significant mitochondrial and cellular injury. Oxidative damage in the mitochondria contributes to various pathologies, including I/R injury. Accordingly, preventing mitochondrial oxidative damage should be therapeutically relevant for many disorders, including cardiovascular diseases. We recently discovered an Indole-Peptide-Tempo Conjugate (IPTC) that served as a novel bifunctional agent with both antioxidant and autophagy-modulating capacity. Here, we demonstrate that IPTC can protect H9C2 cardiomyocytes from hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury that results from mtROS overproduction due to impaired mitophagy and resultant mitochondrial dysfunction. We hypothesize that the mechanism of action of IPTC involves the capacity to decrease mtROS combined with induction of mitophagy.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201808.0095.v1
Subject: Chemistry And Materials Science, Applied Chemistry Keywords: bimetallic nanoparticles, solvent free hydrogenation, nitrobenzene and chloronitrobenzene.
Online: 5 August 2018 (23:00:14 CEST)
Selective hydrogenation of nitrobenzene was carried out under solvent-free conditions using supported AuPd nanoparticles catalyst, prepared by modified impregnation method (MIm), as efficient catalyst. >99% yield of aniline (AN) was obtained after 15 hours at 90 °C, 3 bar H2 that can be used without any further purification or separation, therefore reducing cost and energy input. Supported AuPd nanoparticles catalyst, prepared by MIm, was found to be active and stable even after 4 recycle experiments whereas the same catalyst prepared by SIm deactivated during the recycle experiments. The most effective catalyst was tested for the chemoselective hydrogenation of 4-chloronitrobenzene (CNB) to 4-chloroaniline (CAN). The activation energy of CNB to CAN was found to be 25 kJ mol-1, while that of CNB to AN was found to be 31 kJ mol-1. Based on this, the yield of CAN was maximized (92%) by lowering the reaction temperature to 25 °C.