COMMUNICATION | doi:10.20944/preprints201809.0299.v1
Subject: Biology, Ecology Keywords: barcoding; biodiversity; genetics; mollusc; phylogeny; snails; taxonomy
Online: 17 September 2018 (10:30:16 CEST)
We aimed to apply DNA barcoding tool for the molecular identification of horn snails T. telescopium using mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I gene (mt-COI) and to investigate their evolutionary relationship along with location-specific bio-geographical variations. The molecular data sets of this study indicate that strong probability of T. telescopium species taxonomic confirmation using mt-COI sequences. Results of the phylogenetic analysis suggest that Telescopium sp. was monophyletic with disseminated nodes and the evolution of group II originated from group I. The substantial genetic distance among the mt-COI sequences (0.005 to 0.184) were noticed. Large divergence between the south-west coast of India and Australia region population indicates limited gene flow between the two continents. Our study suggests that the genera Telescopium is globally ubiquitous but genetically showing inter-region differentiation. We conclude that mt-COI gene can be used to identify gastropod T. telescopium species.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201810.0113.v1
Subject: Chemistry, Food Chemistry Keywords: Sea Squirts; Metabolites; GC-MS; Anti-bacterial; Zika vector; larvicidal
Online: 6 October 2018 (11:18:31 CEST)
In this present study, we conducted untargeted metabolic profiling using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis of ascidian Didemnum bistratum to assess the chemical constituents by searching in NIST library with promising biological properties against anti-bacterial and Zika virus vector mosquitocidal Properties. Metabolites, steroids and fatty acids are abundant in crude compounds of ascidian D. bistratum and showed potential zone growth inhibition against bacterial strains Kluyvera ascorbate (10 mm). The active crude compounds of D. bistratum exhibited prominent larvicidal activity against the Zika vector mosquitoes of Aedes aegypti and Cluex quinquefasciatus (LC50 values of 0.4436 to 2.23 mg/mL). The findings of this study provide a first evidence of the biological properties exhibited by D. bistratum extracts, thus increasing the knowledge about the Zika virus vector mosquitocidal properties of ascidian. Overall, ascidian D. bistratum are promising and biocontrol or eco-friendly tool against A. aegypti and C. quinquefasciatus with prospective toxicity against non-target organisms.