Subject: Engineering, Automotive Engineering Keywords: GHG emissions; decomposition analysis; LMDI method; Turkey
Online: 29 July 2021 (12:24:17 CEST)
In this study, CO2 emissions of the Turkish economy are decomposed for the 1998–2017 period for four sectors; agriculture, forestry and fishery, manufacturing industries and construction, public electricity and heat production, transport, and residential. The analyses are conducted for five fuel types; liquid, solid, gaseous fuels, biomass, and other fuels. In decomposition analysis, Log Mean Divisia Index (LMDI) method is used. The analysis results point out that energy intensity is one of the determining factors behind the change in CO2 emissions, aside from economic activity. The fuel mix component, especially for the manufacturing industries and construction sector, lowers CO2 emissions during the crisis periods when the economic activity declines. Mainly, it is found that changes in total industrial activity and energy intensity are the primary factors determining the changes in CO2 emissions during the study period. Among GDP sectors, manufacturing industries and construction and public electricity and heat production are the two sectors that dominate the change in CO2 emissions. Additionally, the residential and transport sectors’ contributions have gained importance during recent years. Among the manufacturing industries and construction, the non-metallic minerals sector contributes to CO2 emissions, followed by the chemicals sector.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201711.0147.v1
Subject: Life Sciences, Other Keywords: glycolysis; lipidome; meat; mitochondria; oxidation; proteome; turkey
Online: 23 November 2017 (03:11:04 CET)
A commercially reared domesticated turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) was purchased from a local market and sections of tissue representing leg, thigh, and breast were harvested and processed for analysis of the lipids and proteins present. Leg and thigh tissue was enriched in mitochondrial proteins whereas the breast tissue was enriched in glycolytic enzymes as well as the cytosolic and mitochondrial forms of glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. A potential marker for breast tissue muscle formation and/or function was also identified. The tissues could clearly be separated based upon their lipid profiles with little differences in cardiolipin levels suggesting that mitochondrial surface areas may be similar across the tissues. The most significant differences in the lipids were found to be higher levels of oxidized lipids in thigh meat. This work provides the first untargeted proteome and lipidome datasets for the domesticated turkey. The proteome dataset is accessible from ProteomeXchange Consortium via the PRIDE partner repository with the identifier PXD008207.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202204.0125.v1
Subject: Biology, Agricultural Sciences & Agronomy Keywords: Cherry; trade intensity analysis method; concentration coefficient; Turkey
Online: 13 April 2022 (10:23:16 CEST)
Trade of agricultural products has gained importance with the development of global trade. Cherries has a crucial place in Turkish agricultural exports. Fresh cherries are in the scope of this study. The aim of this study is to examine Turkey’s position and competitiveness in cherry trade. Trade Intensity Analysis Method which represents the course of trade flow among countries is used in the study. The study indicates that European countries which are Turkey’s tradition trade partner has a biggest trade share with Turkey and that share did not much change in years. By the way, Asia market especially China, became a game changer in cherry trade and Turkey should prepare itself for this situation.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202010.0164.v1
Subject: Materials Science, Surfaces, Coatings & Films Keywords: Polycarbonate; plastic; greenhouse; heating requirement; geothermal energy; Turkey
Online: 8 October 2020 (09:05:06 CEST)
Greenhouse have to provide optimal climate conditions for healthy plant growth and high production. Heating of greenhouses is required for an efficient and reliable production specially during winter time in Turkey. However, even in the temperate zones, heating costs has a great portion in the total production costs. Coal is preferred as a fuel in the greenhouse heating in provinces of Turkey where there is no geothermal energy. In this study, the heating requirements and fuel cost (fossil and geothermal energy) for Antalya, Afyon, Kütahya, Denizli, and Aydın provinces in the Aegean and Mediterranean region have been identified based on long term meteorological data. The calculations were made for two model greenhouses located in an area with 1 ha representing modern greenhouses of the regions. The first is a gothic roofed plastic model greenhouse and the second is a gable roofed polycarbonate model greenhouse. According to the results of calculations, total annual heatingrequirement values ranged from 6,096,283 (for Antalya) to 20,359,946 MJ/ha (for Afyon) for the plastic greenhouse wheras these values ranged from 3,187,074 (for Antalya) to 10,643,972 MJ/ha (for Afyon) for the polycarbonate greenhouse.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201908.0183.v1
Subject: Medicine & Pharmacology, General Medical Research Keywords: misuse; abuse; ambulance abuse; ambulances; emergency ambulances; Turkey
Online: 17 August 2019 (04:25:08 CEST)
Emergency Health Services refers to the urgent care. Ambulance abuse threaten the provision of proper health services and at the same time it affects the country's economy negatively. It was aimed to determine ambulance abuse level. This was a retrospective cohort research. In order to carry out our study, we analyzed 12,207 cases who called to the 112 Emergency Ambulance Services between 01.01.2016 and 31.12.2016. The data of the study has been obtained from the Emergency Health Automation System of the Provincial Health Directorate. According to preliminary diagnoses, traumatic cases were found to be 19.4% and cardiovascular cases were 12%. According to the World Health Organization 32 Critical Code List 59.6% of the cases who called to the 112 Emergency Ambulance Services in 2016 were inappropriate. Ambulance abuse rate was 59.6%. The high rate of misuse of 112 emergency ambulances affects the service flow and motivation of the staff negatively and causes extra financial burden. Thereof, awareness trainings should be given to the public and task and duties of the paramedics and emergency medical technicians who work at emergency ambulances should be expanded so that the transfer of unnecessary cases should be prevented.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201810.0539.v1
Subject: Earth Sciences, Environmental Sciences Keywords: road slopes; sheet erosion; chip; slash; rehabilitate; Turkey
Online: 23 October 2018 (15:01:58 CEST)
This study compared the use of chip and slash to minimize the loss of sediment on newly constructed forest road slopes and investigated the annual amount of sediment loss on bare forest road slopes. A runoff block (sample field) was established for each of the four designated test sites (two cutslopes and two fillslopes). Each block had three runoff plots. One of the runoff plots was left empty for the control (CNT), while chip (C) and slash (S), respectively, were deposited in the other two. A total of 108 water samples were taken from the test sites and the amount of their suspended sediment calculated in the laboratory. As a result of this study, it was determined that the amount of soil loss in the control plots was about 1.26 times higher than in the slash plots and 2.21 times higher than in the chip plots. According to the results of variance analysis on the amounts of sediment, a statistically significant difference was found between the suspended sediment quantities transported on the road slopes (P <0.05). However, no statistically significant difference between the suspended sediment quantities transported in the plots and the other variables of aspect, gradient or road slope was revealed by the t-test (P >0.05).
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201612.0126.v1
Subject: Behavioral Sciences, Other Keywords: Afghan; Andersen Model; health services; medications; migrant; Turkey; utilization
Online: 26 December 2016 (09:57:20 CET)
(1) Background: There is insufficient empirical evidence on the correlates of health care utilization of irregular migrants currently living in Turkey. The aim of this study was to identify individual level determinants associated with health service and medication use. (2) Methods: 155 Afghans completed surveys assessing service utilization including encounters with primary care physicians and outpatient specialists in addition to the use of prescription and nonprescription medicines. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were employed to examine associations between service use and a range of predisposing, enabling, and perceived need factors. (3) Results: Health services utilization was lowest for outpatient specialists (20%) and highest for nonprescription medications (37%). Female gender and higher income predicted encounters with primary care physicians. Income, and other enabling factors such as family presence in Turkey predicted encounters with outpatient specialists. Perceived illness-related need factors had little to no influence on use of services; however, asylum difficulties increased the likelihood for encounters with primary care physicians, outpatient services, and the use of prescription medications. 4) Conclusion: This study suggests that health services use among Afghan migrants in Turkey is low considering the extent of their perceived illness-related needs, which may be further exacerbated by the precarious conditions in which they live.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202201.0181.v1
Subject: Life Sciences, Microbiology Keywords: One Health Strategies; Antimicrobial Resistance; Salmonella isolates; Poultry Farms, Turkey Poults
Online: 12 January 2022 (18:12:21 CET)
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an increasing hazard to human and animal health that necessitates an international response. Surveillance methods in high-income nations aided in the development of measures to combat AMR in animals. Demand for meat is increasing in countries making it critical to implement anti-AMR initiatives. Surveillance of AMR, on the other hand, is at best in its infancy, and the current evidence base for informing policymakers is geographically disparate. All of the isolates had high rates of AMR to medicines that are critical/highly important in human and animal medicine. A higher incidence of AMR was found in poultry farms. Our findings show that AMR, including MDR, is common in coli, Salmonella spp., commonly found in poultry. The study promotes the development of national policies, programs, and additional research based on a "One Health" approach that helps humans and animals, as well as the environment.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202101.0285.v1
Subject: Biology, Anatomy & Morphology Keywords: Acari; Ips sexdentatus; Ips acuminatus; Ips typographus; Pinus nigra; Pinus sylvestris; Picea abies; Turkey
Online: 15 January 2021 (12:09:12 CET)
Phoretic mites use bark beetles for transportation to new, suitable habitats. Some phoretic mites act as predators and parasitoids of the bark beetles’ immature stages, especially egg and early larval stages, and are potential agents for the biological control of scolytine forest pests. One of the most numerous and largest mite orders is Mesostigmata which live very frequently in relationships with other invertebrates. Many are found in association with various species of bark beetles. Here, a total of 41 specimens of different bark beetles of the genus Ips (I. acuminatus, I. sexdentatus and I. typographus) were studied for presence, species composition, and abundance of phoretic mites. The beetles were collected on dead wood and parts of tree bark of Pinus nigra, P. slyvestris and Picea abies in the Black Sea Mountains in Kastamonu and Artin Province of Turkey. A total of 9 mite species in 2 genera were found, including Dendrolaelaps quadrisetus, Ereynetes sp., Histiostoma piceae, Paraleius cf. leontonychus, Pleuronectocaeleno barbara., Proctolaelaps hystricoides, Schizostethus simulatrix, Trichouropoda lamellosa and Urobovella ipidis. All species and genera are identified for the first time within Turkish fauna.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201807.0299.v1
Subject: Social Sciences, Business And Administrative Sciences Keywords: commuting stress; turnover intention; life satisfaction; mediation model; demographics; ANOVA; hierarchical regression; bootstrap; Turkey
Online: 17 July 2018 (09:49:16 CEST)
Using hierarchical regression analysis within a mediation model framework, the present study explores direct and indirect (through life satisfaction) causal impacts of commuting stress on turnover intention of employees from 29 business organizations in six populous cities of Turkey. A semi-random heterogeneous sample of 214 employees with different demographics was surveyed in winter and summer times for also capturing seasonal variations of variables. The results supporting the partial mediating role of life satisfaction in the positive relationship between commuting stress and turnover intention infer that commuting stress induces turnover intention directly and indirectly (by reducing life satisfaction). The analysis of variance reveals that demographic characteristics of employees such as gender, marital status, age, and family size together with commuting type and commuting duration matter for their perceived commuting stress, life satisfaction, and turnover intention levels. Commuting stress perception is relatively higher in summer time whereas the other magnitudes are consistently and significantly invariant between two survey implementations. The study concludes with a call for the consideration of commuting stress and life satisfaction together with environmental and demographic factors when analyzing the antecedents and consequences of employee turnover intention.