ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201807.0120.v1
Subject: Engineering, Electrical & Electronic Engineering Keywords: SAR system; efficient focusing of SAR data; Inverse problem; radar theory; remote sensing; SAR data focusing; phase shifts; satellite trajectory; spatial resolution; synthetic aperture radar; Geometry; Satellites; Ancillary Data; Singular Value Decomposition; Blind deconvolution; Signal Processing; Parameter estimation; Algorithm; Imaging; Phase estimation; Phase compensation; Computational modeling; Image resolution; Synthetic Aperture
Online: 6 July 2018 (15:29:21 CEST)
Synthetic Aperture RADAR (SAR) is a radar imaging technique in which the relative motion of the sensor is used to synthesize a very long antenna and obtain high spatial resolution. Standard SAR raw data processing techniques assume uniform motion of the satellite (or aerial vehicle) and a fixed antenna beam pointing sideway orthogonally to the motion path, assumed rectilinear. Despite SAR data processing is a well established imaging technology that has become fundamental in several fields and applications, in this paper a novel approach has been used to exploit coherent illumination, demonstrating the possibility of extracting a large part of the ancillary data information from the raw data itself, to be used in the focusing procedure. In this work an effort has been carried out to try to focus the raw SAR complex data matrix without the knowledge of anyof the parameters needed in standard focusing procedures as Range Doppler (RD) algorithm, ω - K algorithm and Chirp Scaling (CS) algorithm. All the literature references regarding the algorithms needed to obtain a precise image from raw data use such parameters that refer both to the SAR system acquisition geometry and its radiometric specific parameters. In , authors introduced a preliminary work dealing with this problem and able to obtain, in the presence of a strong point scatterer in the observed scene, good quality images, if compared to the standard processing techniques. In this work the proposed technique is described and performances parameters are extracted to compare the proposed approach to RD.