REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints202309.0765.v1
Subject: Biology And Life Sciences, Cell And Developmental Biology Keywords: ferroptosis; regulation; lung adenocarcinoma; therapy
Online: 12 September 2023 (10:36:16 CEST)
Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is the most common lung cancers, which accounts for about 35%-40% of all lung cancer patients. Despite therapeutic advancements in recent years, the overall survival time of the LUAD patients still remain poor, especially KRAS mutant LUAD. Therefore, it is necessary to further explore novel targets and drugs to improve the prognosis of LUAD. Ferroptosis, an iron-dependent regulated cell death (RCD）caused by lipid peroxidation, has attracted much attention recently as an alternative target for apoptosis in LUAD therapy. Ferroptosis has been found closely related with LUAD, at its every stage, including initiation, proliferation and progression. In this review, we will provide a comprehensive overview on ferroptosis mechanisms, it’s regulation in LUAD, and application of targeting ferroptosis for LUAD therapy.
REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints202306.0177.v1
Subject: Biology And Life Sciences, Cell And Developmental Biology Keywords: ferroptosis; cancer; EMT; angiogenesis; metastasis
Online: 2 June 2023 (10:12:45 CEST)
Ferroptosis is a newly discovered iron-dependent form of regulated cell death driven by phospholipid peroxidation, associated with processes including iron overload, lipid peroxidation and dysfunction of cellular antioxidant systems. Ferroptosis is found closely related to many diseases including cancer, at its every stage. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in malignant tumors that originate from epithelia promotes cancer cell migration, invasion and metastasis by disrupting cell-cell and cell-martrix junctions, cell polarity, etc. Recent studies have shown that ferroptosis appears to share multiple initiators and overlapping pathways with EMT in cancers and identify ferroptosis as a potential predictor of various cancer grade and prognosis. Cancer metastasis involves multiple steps including local invasion of cancer cells, intravasation, survival in circulation, arrest at a distant organ site, extravasation and adaptation to foreign tissue microenvironments, angiogenesis and the formation of “premetastatic niche”. Numerous studies have revealed that ferroptosis is closely associated with cancer metastasis. From the cellular perspective, ferroptosis has been implicated in the regulation of cancer metastasis. From the molecular perspective, the signaling pathways activated during the two events interweave. This review briefly introduces the mechanisms of ferroptosis, and discusses how ferroptosis is involved in cancer progression including EMT, cancer angiogenesis, invasion and metastasis.
REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints202308.1554.v1
Subject: Biology And Life Sciences, Cell And Developmental Biology Keywords: NRF2; ferroptosis; antioxidant; metabolism
Online: 23 August 2023 (03:28:45 CEST)
Ferroptosis is an iron-dependent and lipid peroxidation-driven cell death cascade, occurring when there is an imbalance of redox homeostasis in the cell. Nuclear factor E2 related factor 2 (NFE2L2, also known as NRF2) is key for cellular antioxidant responses, which promotes downstream gene transcription by binding to their antioxidant response elements (AREs). Numerous studies suggest that NRF2 assumes an extremely important role in the regulation of ferroptosis, for its various functions on iron, lipid and amino acid metabolism and so on. Many pathological states are relevant to ferroptosis. In cancer cells, ferroptosis is frequently found abnormal suppression. While during tissue damages, ferroptosis is recurrently promoted, resulting in a large number of cell deaths and ultimately loss of the functions of the corresponding organs. Therefore, targeting NRF2-related signaling pathways, to induce or inhibit ferroptosis, has become a great potential therapy for combating cancers, as well as preventing neurodegenerative and ischemic diseases. In this review, a brief overview of the research process of ferroptosis over the past decade will be presented. In particular, the mechanisms of ferroptosis and a focus on the regulation of ferroptosis by NRF2 will be discussed. Finally, the review will briefly list some clinical applications of targeting the NRF2 signaling pathway in the treatment of diseases.