ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202211.0111.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Information Systems Keywords: Recommendation, GNN, Preference
Online: 7 November 2022 (08:38:06 CET)
With the rapid development of technology and the advancement of Internet technology, various social networking platforms are gradually coming into people's view and occupying a higher and higher position. In the recommendation scenario, the user-item interaction naturally forms a bipartite heterogeneous graph structure and with the development of graph embedding and graph neural network technologies based on deep learning to process graph domain information, the combination of graph information and recommendation systems shows strong research potential and application prospects. The methodological improvement of the recommendation algorithm based on collaborative filtering takes advantage of the nature that user-items can form a bipartite graph in the recommendation scenario. The existing methods still have some shortcomings. The methods that only use weights or convolutional recurrent neural networks to implicitly model different historical behaviors lack explicit modeling of video switching relationships in serialized behaviors. The user's interest is changing all the time, so it is not possible to recommend based on the user's history, and it is necessary to consider both the long-term and short-term interest of the user according to the video content in order to achieve accurate recommendation of short videos. In this paper, we design a recommendation model based on graph neural network, which models users' long-term and short-term interests by two vector propagation methods, respectively.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202309.1671.v1
Subject: Business, Economics And Management, Other Keywords: recommendation models; store-based recommendation models; implementation of recommender system
Online: 26 September 2023 (03:12:05 CEST)
Recently, e-commerce companies have been adopting and continuously enhancing personalized product recommendation systems, and there is active research in this field within academia. However, personalized product recommendations in offline retail stores have not yielded significant outcomes thus far. Especially for small-format offline retail businesses like convenience stores, where customer information might be limited, providing personalized product recommendations poses even greater challenges. To address this issue, this study aimed to find a solution by shifting the perspective on recommendation methods and altering the target of recommendations in existing personalized recommendation models. In this study, recommending products that customers need in an offline store was defined as suggesting products that should be introduced and displayed within the store. In other words, the recommendation focus shifted from individuals to the stores themselves. This recommendation system proposes products that individual stores have not yet introduced but are anticipated to be purchased by customers among the products managed by the headquarters. Building upon this, we devised a store-based product recommendation system. The widely used user-based collaborative filtering model, a common technique in existing recommendation systems, was adapted into a store-based collaborative filtering model. Furthermore, various rules and logic pertinent to store operations and business considerations for convenience stores were integrated to implement this store product recommendation system. The accuracy and effectiveness of the system were demonstrated through its application in actual convenience stores. Results from the pilot implementation of the system showed that 88% of the newly recommended products in individual stores were sold based on one week of sales data, and the sales revenue was 1.75 times higher than the average sales revenue of those products across the entire company. Survey results on business owners' satisfaction yielded a score of 4.2 out of 5, indicating a high level of contentment. Additional observed effects included the expansion of product range and reduction in order lead times. However, 12% of the total recommended SKUs did not sell within one week, and 34% of the SKUs did not meet the overall average sales quantity. This research holds significance in extending the scope of personalized recommendation studies from primarily online platforms to offline retail businesses like convenience stores. It provides tangible methodologies and outcomes that can be implemented in real-world settings through the construction and validation of an actual system. The study also suggests avenues for future research to address some of the identified limitations.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202302.0196.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Information Systems Keywords: Recommendation; GNN; Information; Feature; Structure
Online: 13 February 2023 (03:28:02 CET)
With the rapid development of the Internet industry, the problem of information overload has arisen due to the abundance of information available online. Recommendation algorithms, as the core of recommendation systems, have been attracting much attention and are a hot topic of research for many experts and scholars. The classical recommendation algorithms are mainly divided into three major categories: collaborative filtering recommendation algorithms, content-based recommendation algorithms, and hybrid-based recommendation algorithms. Although these algorithms are widely used in various fields, with the proliferation of information, these traditional recommendation algorithms are no longer able to meet the needs of the times. To address this issue, recommendation systems have been developed to provide users with personalized and relevant information or products. Despite the wide use of recommendation algorithms, such as collaborative filtering, content-based filtering, and hybrid approaches, traditional recommendation algorithms have limitations and are no longer suitable for meeting the demands of the times. This paper proposes a new recommendation algorithm, SFRRG, that fuses structure and feature information in graph neural networks to improve the performance of the recommendation system in rating prediction. The effectiveness of the proposed algorithm is demonstrated through experiments on various data sets and compared with existing recommendation algorithms.
REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints202212.0077.v1
Subject: Medicine And Pharmacology, Tropical Medicine Keywords: Complexity; policy-recommendation; mathematical models
Online: 5 December 2022 (11:33:35 CET)
In sub-Saharan Africa, malaria is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity. As a result of the interplay between many factors, the control of this disease can be challenging. However, few studies have demonstrated malaria's complexity, control, and modeling although this perspective could lead to effective policy recommendations. This paper aims to be a didactic material providing the reader with an overview of malaria. More importantly, using a system approach lens, we intend to highlight the debated topics and the multifaceted thematic aspects of malaria transmission mechanisms, while showing the control approaches used as well as the model supporting the dynamics of malaria. As there is a large amount of information on each subject, we have attempted to provide a basic understanding of malaria that needs to be further developed. Nevertheless, this study illustrates the importance of using a multidisciplinary approach to designing next-generation malaria control policies.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202211.0534.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Information Systems Keywords: Recommendation; GNN, Feature; Path; Embedding
Online: 29 November 2022 (04:19:09 CET)
Recommender systems as an effective information filtering system can be used to obtain information through the user's explicit or implicit behavior. On the one hand finding items that may be of interest to the user. On the other hand, the recommendation facilitates the interaction between the user and the item to increase the revenue. Recommender systems have been widely used in various fields, such as e-commerce, travel recommendation, online books and movies, social networks, etc, which can satisfy the intrinsic implicit needs of users through personalized services. In recent years, the development of deep learning has further improved the performance of recommendation systems. Although these methods improve the performance of the recommendation system, when the number of users and products increases, the recommendation system may face sparsity and cold start problems, and thus cannot achieve personalized recommendations. Knowledge graphs, which are structured data, have become the choice of many algorithms due to the high quality and wide scale of the data, and therefore many recommendation algorithms combined with knowledge graphs have emerged as a popular new direction in recommendation systems. These algorithms are able to preserve the rich connections between different entities. Moreover, when constructing the features of an entity, the entities that are far away from the central entity can also be utilized. Entities are no longer only directly connected to each other. To address the shortcomings of existing recommendation algorithms, this paper designs the recommendation algorithm GPRE using graph neural networks. GPRE focuses on expressing the user's features. The graph neural network provides GPRE with a strong generalization capability for modeling, which can provide long-range semantics between users and entities, as well as selective entity selection in the auxiliary graph neural network. Explicit semantic links are established between remote and central nodes to reduce the introduction of noise. In this paper, experiments are conducted on real-world datasets and the results are compared with baselines. The experimental results show that GPRE performs well on the experimental dataset.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202305.1522.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Artificial Intelligence And Machine Learning Keywords: Recommendation system; Contrast learning; Deep Learning
Online: 22 May 2023 (11:55:55 CEST)
Modelling both long and short-term user interests from historical data is crucial for accurate recommendations. However, unifying these metrics across multiple application domains can be challenging, and existing approaches often rely on complex, intertwined models which can be difficult to interpret. To address this issue, we propose a lightweight, plug-and-play interest enhancement module that fuses interest vectors from two independent models. After analyzing the dataset, we identify deviations in the recommendation performance of long and short-term interest models. To compensate for these differences, we use feature enhancement and loss correction during training. In the fusion process, we explicitly split long-term interest features with longer duration into multiple local features. We then use a shared attention mechanism to fuse multiple local features with short-term interest features to obtain interaction features. To correct for bias between models, we introduce a comparison learning task that monitors the similarity between local features, short-term features, and interaction features. This adaptively reduces the distance between similar features. Our proposed module combines and compares multiple independent long-term and short-term interest models on multiple domain datasets. As a result, it not only accelerates the convergence of the models but also achieves outstanding performance in challenging recommendation scenarios.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202305.1488.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Computer Science Keywords: Explainability; Explainable AI; XAI; Recommendation; Bugs
Online: 22 May 2023 (09:42:14 CEST)
Software engineering is a comprehensive process that requires developers and team members to collaborate across multiple tasks. In software testing, bug triaging is a tedious and time-consuming process. Assigning bugs to the appropriate developers can save time and maintain their motivation. However, without knowledge about a bug's class, triaging is difficult. Motivated by this challenge, this paper focuses on the problem of assigning the suitable developer to new bug by analyzing the history of developers’ profiles and analyzing history of bugs for all developers using machine learning-based recommender systems. Explainable AI (XAI) is AI that humans can understand. It contrasts with "black box" AI, which even its designers can't explain. By providing appropriate explanations for results, users can better comprehend the underlying insight behind the outcomes, boosting the recommender system's effectiveness, transparency, and confidence. In this paper, we propose two explainable models for recommendation. The first one is an explainable recommender model for personalized developers generated from bug history to know what the preferred type of bug is for each developer. The second model is an explainable recommender model based on bugs to generate the best developer for each bug from bug history.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202209.0212.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Computer Vision And Graphics Keywords: Graph Neural Network; Recommendation; Social Relationship
Online: 14 September 2022 (16:09:15 CEST)
There is a considerable amount of research in online social networks, most of which focuses on the structural analysis of social graphs. The interpersonal relationships of social networks, especially friend circle, can solve the cold start and sparsity problems, and through the relationship between social networks can effectively recommend users' favorite items (items), such as music , videos, brands/products, preferred tags, location, services, etc. User relationships in social networks are diverse and there are many different perspectives on different social networks. Associations among users can form multi-layered composite networks, and multi-layered social networks present new challenges and opportunities. Different relationships can influence users' preferences to different degrees, which in turn affects their behavior. Therefore, fusing multiple social networks is an effective way to improve recommendation. Although some studies have started to address multiple social network recommendations, simple linear superposition cannot reflect the coupling and nonlinear association between multiple social networks. In this paper, we propose a graph neural network recommendation model under social relationships based on this background. We first propose to compute the 2nd order collaborative signals and their intensities directly from the neighboring matrix for updating the node embedding of the graph convolution layer. Secondly by embedding historical evaluations, various social networks constituting different dimensions, the attention integration of user preferences by different social networks is achieved, and its effectiveness and scalability are demonstrated in theoretical derivation and experimental validation. The theoretical derivation and experimental validation demonstrate its effectiveness and scalability.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202109.0489.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Artificial Intelligence And Machine Learning Keywords: recommender systems; social recommendation; metric learning
Online: 29 September 2021 (11:21:35 CEST)
For personalized recommender systems,matrix factorization and its variants have become mainstream in collaborative filtering.However,the dot product in matrix factorization does not satisfy the triangle inequality and therefore fails to capture fine-grained information. Metric learning-based models have been shown to be better at capturing fine-grained information than matrix factorization. Nevertheless,most of these models only focus on rating data and social information, which are not sufficient for dealing with the challenges of data sparsity. In this paper,we propose a metric learning-based social recommendation model called SRMC.SRMC exploits users' co-occurrence pattern to discover their potentially similar or dissimilar users with symmetric relationships and change their relative positions to achieve better recommendations.Experiments on three public datasets show that our model is more effective than the compared models.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201904.0071.v1
Subject: Social Sciences, Behavior Sciences Keywords: personalized recommendation service; usage behavior; KOSEN
Online: 7 April 2019 (12:42:30 CEST)
Background: We conducted research on the newly developed personalized recommendation service (PRS) of the global network of Korean scientists and engineers (KOSEN) in order to explore the information usage behavior and importance of the PRS used by Korean scientists and engineers. Methods: In order to understand information usage behavior, we gathered data from 513 survey results and analyzed them in terms of information usage behavior and the corresponding importance in each of the service quality areas. Results: We analyzed the 321 outcomes that indicated non-use of the PRS in order to understand the underlying reason(s); we employed 192 results that demonstrated the use of functionality to examine information usage behavior and importance. They found that the predominant motive for non-use of the service resulted from the respondents not knowing how to use it. According to demographic characteristics, the usage behavior of the PRS showed a difference regarding the purpose of using the service in the categories of gender and major field of study. Furthermore, users were concerned with various components of the PRS such as ease of use, design, relevance of content, user support, and interactivity. Conclusions: We suggest reinforcing user education degree and promotion to enhance the PRS. Since users were concerned with ease of use, design, relevance, user support, and interactivity, we recommend these as major points for improvement.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202206.0412.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Artificial Intelligence And Machine Learning Keywords: Dictionary learning, Recommender system, Personalized recommendation, Multimodal
Online: 30 June 2022 (03:43:30 CEST)
In today’s Web 2.0 era, online social media has become an integral part of our lives. In the course of the information revolution, the form of information has undergone a radical change, from simple text information to today’s integrated video, image, text and audio, and there has also been a great change in the way of dissemination and access, as people nowadays do not just rely on traditional media to passively receive information, but more actively and selectively obtain information from social media. Therefore, it has become a great challenge for us to effectively utilize these massive and integrated multi-modal media information to form an effective system of retrieval, browsing, analysis and usage. Unlike movies and traditional long-form video content, micro-videos are usually short in length, between a few seconds and tens of seconds, which allows users to quickly browse different contents and make full use of the fragmented time in their lives, while users can also share their micro-videos to their friends or the public, forming a unique social way. Video contains rich multimodal information, and fusing information from multiple modalities in a video recommendation task can improve the accuracy of the video recommendation task.According to the micro-video recommendation task, a new combinatorial network model is proposed to combine the discrete features of each modality into the overall features of various modalities through the network, and then fuse the various modal features to obtain the overall video features, which will be used for recommendation. In order to verify the effectiveness of the algorithm proposed in this paper, experiments are conducted in the public dataset, and it is shown the effectiveness of our model.
Subject: Medicine And Pharmacology, Oncology And Oncogenics Keywords: cancer biomarkers; BRCA1/2; genomics; European recommendation
Online: 18 August 2020 (16:30:04 CEST)
Rapid and continuing advances in biomarker testing are not being matched by uptake in health systems, and this is hampering both patient care and innovation. It also risks costing health systems the opportunity to make their services more efficient and, over time, more economical. The potential that genomics has brought to biomarker testing in diagnosis, prediction and research is being realised, pre-eminently in many cancers, but also in an ever-wider range of conditions – notably BRCA1/2 testing in ovarian, breast, pancreatic and prostate cancers. Nevertheless, the implementation of genetic testing in clinical routine setting is still challenging. Development is impeded by country-related heterogeneity, data deficiencies, and lack of policy alignment on standards, approval – and the role of real-world evidence in the process - and reimbursement. The acute nature of the problem is compellingly illustrated by the particular challenges facing the development and use of tumour agnostic therapies, where the gaps in preparedness for taking advantage of this innovative approach to cancer therapy are sharply exposed. Europe should already have in place a guarantee of universal access to a minimum suite of biomarker tests and should be planning for an optimum testing scenario with a wider range of biomarker tests integrated into a more sophisticated health system articulated around personalised medicine. Improving healthcare and winning advantages for Europe's industrial competitiveness and innovation require an appropriate policy framework – starting with an update to outdated recommendations.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202008.0307.v1
Subject: Medicine And Pharmacology, Oncology And Oncogenics Keywords: cancer biomarkers, BRCA1/2, genomics; European recommendation
Online: 14 August 2020 (04:27:45 CEST)
Rapid and continuing advances in biomarker testing are not being matched by take-up in health systems, and this is hampering both patient care and innovation. It also risks costing health systems the opportunity to make their services more efficient and, over time, more economical. The potential that genomics has brought to biomarker testing in diagnosis, prediction and research is being realised, pre-eminently in many cancers, but also in an ever-wider range of conditions. One of the paradigmatic examples is BRCA1/2 testing in ovarian, breast, pancreatic and prostate cancers. Nevertheless, development is impeded by data deficiencies, and lack of policy alignment on standards, approval – and the role of real-world evidence in the process - and reimbursement. The acute nature of the problem is compellingly illustrated by the particular challenges facing the development and use of tumour agnostic therapies, where the gaps in preparedness for taking advantage of this innovative approach to cancer therapy are sharply exposed. Europe should already have in place a guarantee of universal access to a minimum suite of biomarker tests and should be planning for an optimum testing scenario with a wider range of biomarker tests integrated into a more sophisticated health system articulated around personalised medicine. Improving healthcare and winning advantages for Europe's industrial competitiveness and innovation require an appropriate policy framework – starting with an update to outdated recommendations.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202308.0525.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Artificial Intelligence And Machine Learning Keywords: recommender system; bundle recommendation; hypergraph neural network; hypergraph
Online: 8 August 2023 (05:04:44 CEST)
Bundle recommendation is provided to users by combining related items into a bundle, enhancing the user's shopping experience and increase the merchant's sales revenue. Despite the success of existing solutions based on Graph Neural Networks(GNN), there are still some significant challenges: (1)It is demanding to explicitly model multiple complex associations using standard graph neural networks. (2)Numerous additional nodes and edges are introduced to approximate higher-order associations. (3)The user-bundle historical interaction data is highly sparse. In this work, we propose a Global Structural Hypergraph Convolution model for Bundle Recommendation (SHCBR) to address the above problems. Specifically, we jointly incorporate multiple complex interactions between users, items, and bundles(three entities) into a relational hypergraph without introducing additional nodes and edges. Higher-order associations are already involved in the hypergraph structure which alleviate the training burden of neural networks and the dilemma of scarce data. In addition, we design a special matrix propagation rule that captures non-pairwise complex relationships between entities. Using item nodes as links, hypergraph convolution propagation between user and bundle nodes generates the learned representations. Experimental results on two real-world datasets demonstrate that SHCBR outperforms the state-of-the-art baselines by 11.07%-25.66\% on Recall and 16.81%-33.53% on NDCG. We publicly release the codes and datasets at https://github.com/Lxtdzh/SHCBR-master/.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202308.0518.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Artificial Intelligence And Machine Learning Keywords: Matrix factorization; Recommendation; Community detection; Parallel computation; RMSE
Online: 7 August 2023 (09:54:52 CEST)
Matrix Factorization is a long established method employed for analyzing and extracting valuable insight recommendations from complex networks containing user ratings. The execution time and computational resources demanded by these algorithms pose limitations when confronted with large datasets. Community detection algorithms play a crucial role in identifying groups and communities within intricate networks. To overcome the challenge of extensive computing resources, we present a novel parallel computation framework utilizing community information available in the rating network. Our proposed approach named as Community-based Matrix Factorization(CBMF), parallelizes matrix factorization technique by dividing the network into communities using existing community detection algorithms. We prove that this parallel approach not only increases the quality of recommendations in connection with Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), but also yields substantial performance improvement. We empirically evaluate our idea on diverse datasets and present comprehensive experimental results. These results serve as empirical evidence of the effectiveness and performance gains offered by our parallel computation framework.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202307.0606.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Computer Science Keywords: patient values; clinical decision-making; personalized therapy; recommendation model; argumentation
Online: 10 July 2023 (10:15:57 CEST)
Patient value is an important factor in clinical decision-making, but conventionally, it is not incorporated in the decision processes. In this paper, a value-based therapy recommendation comprehensive model is proposed. A literature analysis is conducted to collect value-based evidence. Categorized values and candidate therapies are used in combination as filtering keywords to build this evidence. Then a formalism model is put forward to integrate the value-based evidence with clinical evidence. The relative importance of two evidence can be adjusted dynamically by decision-makers during the decision-making processes. A prototype system was implemented using a case study for breast cancer and validated for feasibility and effectiveness.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202212.0455.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Artificial Intelligence And Machine Learning Keywords: datasets; online; cooking; flutter, videos; images; online recommendation; machine learning
Online: 23 December 2022 (08:19:03 CET)
During the pandemic, home-cooked meals have received more attention as people get more time for themselves and their families. It cannot deny that people have more time to prepare meals, and it is safer to cook at home since they can avoid direct contact with people who can potentially F0 or F1. For that particular reason, the number of home cooking has increased rapidly. In the article, the author pointed out that in comparison to the previous time, 42.0 percent of respondents said they cooked more frequently during the lockdown, while just 7.0 percent said they cooked less frequently. The increase in cooking frequency had a more significant impact on women than on men (p<0.05). Those who said they cooked more regularly spent more time preparing meals (78\%) and trying new recipes (73.6\%), as well as spending more time baking (67.1 percent ). In particular, the consumption of “comfort” foods (salty snacks, sweets) showed a significant rise, ranging from (23\%) to (60\%) of respondents who declared snacking more studied.Moreover, articles pointed out that in conjunction with the dramatic reduction in energy expenditure due to the impossibility of going out, this situation could have led to energy imbalance and, thus, weight gain. Noticing the massive rise in home cooking, the search for new recipes, and the need for balance meals, the idea for a cooking app called "Cooking Papa" has been proposed. As far as the research goes, the concept of "cooking" seems close but yet not easy to define. The Oxford English Dictionary defines cooking as “to prepare food by the action of heat. However, limited evidence suggests that people interpret the meaning of cooking quite differently. Moreover, the terms ‘homemade’, ‘convenience,’ ‘proper cooking,’ ‘cook,’ ‘basic ingredients,’ and ‘ready prepared’ are not uniformly understood.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202209.0008.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Computer Science Keywords: Glucose Oscillation; Prediction; Multi-agent; Type 1 Diabetes; Personalized; Recommendation
Online: 1 September 2022 (07:13:20 CEST)
The glucose-insulin regulatory system and its glucose oscillations is a recurring theme in the literature because of its impact on human lives, mostly the ones affected by diabetes mellitus. Several approaches were proposed, from mathematical to data-based models, with the aim of modeling the glucose oscillation curve. Having such a curve, it is possible to predict, when injecting insulin in type 1 diabetes (T1D) individuals. However, the literature presents prediction horizons no longer than 6 hours, which could be a problem considering their sleeping time. This work presents Tesseratus, a model that adopts a multi-agent approach to combine machine learning and mathematical modeling to predict the glucose oscillation up to 8 hours. Tesseratus uses the pharmacokinetics of insulins and data collected from T1D individuals. Its outcome can support endocrinologists while prescripting daily treatment for T1D individuals, and provide personalized recommendations for such individuals, to keep their glucose concentration in the ideal range. Tesseratus brings pioneering results for prediction horizons of 8 hours for nighttime, in an experiment with seven real T1D individuals. It is our claim that Tesseratus will be a reference for classification of glucose prediction model, supporting the mitigation of short- and long-term complications in the T1D individuals.
BRIEF REPORT | doi:10.20944/preprints202104.0693.v1
Subject: Medicine And Pharmacology, Immunology And Allergy Keywords: COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; HIAC Recommendation; Diagnosis; Treatment; Discharge Management
Online: 26 April 2021 (20:42:09 CEST)
Hadhramout Initiative Against Corona (HIAC ) formed a working group of clinicians relevant to the management of COVID-19 to formulate clinical practice guidelines (CPG) for clinicians caring for the patients infected with COVID-19 in Yemen. The regional guidelines on the management of COVID-19 were thoroughly reviewed and its applicability was assessed for Yemen. HIAC’s recommendations covered (2) sections: the first one is the diagnosis, including case definition, risk stratification of the affected cases, investigations (prioritization of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) testing, D-dimer, chest x-ray, and chest computed tomography, while the second part covers the treatments (mainly Favipiravir, Remdesivir, Hydroxychloroquine, and Glucocorticoid, Anticoagulants, and Supportive measures). In conclusion, the adoption of cost-effective and evidence-based guidelines in Yemen will standardize the management of the patients infected with COVID-19 and protect both the patients and the health care workers from malpractice.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202002.0016.v1
Subject: Social Sciences, Psychology Keywords: patient engagement; consumer health; recommendation; consensus conference; guidelines; health services research
Online: 3 February 2020 (05:31:43 CET)
Patient engagement is receiving a growing attention in the healthcare context. However, although worldwide healthcare stakeholders agree that patient engagement is a priority for quality and effective care, no shared recommendations on how to promote patient engagement are currently available. Based on these premises, a Consensus Conference (CC) was promoted to address four main issues: What is the definition of Patient Engagement? How measuring Patient Engagement? What are the most recommended methodologies and the tools to promote Patient Engagement? What is the role of new technologies in promoting of Patient Engagement? The consensus was obtained through an iterative process that began with a systematic synthesis of the available literature in each domain followed by plenary expert discussions. This CC - including the systematic analysis of internationals scientific evidences (2749 sources across the major international scientific databases) together with experiences of a multi-disciplinary consortium of investigators and key stakeholders - attempted to provide the first evidence-based Expert Consensus Statement for the promotion of Patient Engagement in chronic care. These recommendations should be envisaged as inspirational principles to promote a real eco-system of engagement and might orient health services research and interventions.
REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints202308.1728.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Computer Science Keywords: Recommendation systems; collaborative filtering; sequential patterns; e-commerce; purchase and clickstream history
Online: 24 August 2023 (09:45:51 CEST)
E-commerce recommendation systems usually deal with massive customer sequential databases, such as historical purchase or click stream sequences. Recommendation systems’ accuracy can be improved if complex sequential patterns of user purchase behavior are learned by integrating sequential patterns of customer clicks and/or purchases into the user-item rating matrix input of collaborative filtering. This reviews focuses on algorithmic techniques of existing E-commerce recommendation systems that are sequential pattern based such as ChoRec05, ChenRec09, HuangRec09, LiuRec09, ChoiRec12, Hybrid Model RecSys16, Product RecSys16, SainiRec17, HPCRec18 and HSPCRec19. It provides a comprehensive and comparative performance analysis of these systems, exposing their methodologies, achievements, limitations, and potentials for solving more important problems in this domain. The review showed that integrating sequential pattern mining of historical purchase and/or click sequences into user-item matrix for collaborative filtering (i) improved recommendation accuracy (ii) reduced user-item rating data sparsity (iii) increased novelty rate of recommendations and (iv) improved scalability of the recommendation system.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202306.1672.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Probability And Statistics Keywords: Recommendation System, Content-Based Filtering, Jaccard Similarity, Cosine Similarity, Mean Absolute Error
Online: 23 June 2023 (11:59:37 CEST)
This study aims to apply a Recommendation System with Content Based Filtering method with Jaccard Similarity and Cosine Similarity algorithms on the E-Learning Platform. Recommendation systems deal with how to provide personalized recommendations to users efficiently. The Content Based Filtering method with Jaccard Similarity and Cosine Similarity algorithms can be used to calculate the similarity value between E-Courses on the E-Learning Platform. Implementation for Recommendation System using Google Colaboratory with Python programming language. In the application of the Recommendation System dataset, Coursera Free Dataset consists of 975 instances. The recommendation results use the Jaccard Similarity algorithm with an average similarity value of 0.3 while the value of Cosine Similarity with the average similarity value is 0.6 where the similarity value of Cosine Similarity is higher. Based on the results of the Mean Absolute Error in the low recommendation system, the average MAE value for all iterations of Jaccard Similarity algorithm is 0.013 and for the Cosine Similarity algorithm the average MAE value for all iterations is 0.014. This shows that the Recommendation System with Jaccard Similarity and Cosine Similarity algorithms can be used on the E-Learning Platform to provide efficiency solutions for personalized recommendations.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202008.0388.v2
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Information Systems Keywords: Adaptive Educational System; E-Learning; Machine Learning; Semantics; Recommendation System; Ontologies Matching.
Online: 24 August 2020 (09:46:19 CEST)
The implementation of teaching interventions in learning needs has received considerable attention, as the provision of the same educational conditions to all students, is pedagogically ineffective. In contrast, more effectively considered the pedagogical strategies that adapt to the real individual skills of the students. An important innovation in this direction is the Adaptive Educational Systems (AES) that support automatic modeling study and adjust the teaching content on educational needs and students' skills. Effective utilization of these educational approaches can be enhanced with Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies in order to the substantive content of the web acquires structure and the published information is perceived by the search engines. This study proposes a novel Adaptive Educational eLearning System (AEeLS) that has the capacity to gather and analyze data from learning repositories and to adapt these to the educational curriculum according to the student skills and experience. It is a novel hybrid machine learning system that combines a Semi-Supervised Classification method for ontology matching and a Recommendation Mechanism that uses a hybrid method from neighborhood-based collaborative and content-based filtering techniques, in order to provide a personalized educational environment for each student.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201808.0550.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Computer Science Keywords: Food Safety; Agent-Based Model; Social Networking; Recommendation; the wisdom of crowd.
Online: 31 August 2018 (14:37:36 CEST)
"The wisdom of crowd'' is so often observed in social discourses and activities around us. The manifestations of it are, however, so intrinsically embedded and behaviorally accepted that an elaboration of a social phenomenon evidencing such wisdom is often cheered as a discovery; or at least an astonishing fact. One such scenario is explored here, namely conceptualization and modeling of a food safety system, a system directly related to social cognition. Food safety is an area of concern these days. Models representing the food safety systems are recently published to study the effect of interactions between important entities of the system. For example, Knowles’s model finds conditions leading to a more efficient and dependable system of entities like consumers, regulators and stores with specific focus on regulators behavior and their impact on the food safety. The first contribution of this paper is reevaluation of Knowles’s model towards a more conscious understanding of ``the wisdom of crowd'' effects on inspection and consuming behaviors. The second contribution is augmenting of the model with social networking capabilities, which acts as a medium to spread information about stores and help consumers find stores which are not contaminated. Simulation results reveal that stores’ respecting social cognition improve effectiveness of the food safety system for consumers and stores both. Simulation findings also reveals that an active society has a capability to self-organize effectively even in the absence of any regulatory compulsion.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201709.0074.v1
Subject: Engineering, Electrical And Electronic Engineering Keywords: recommendation system; context awareness; location based services; mobile computing, cloud-based computing
Online: 18 September 2017 (08:54:04 CEST)
The ubiquity of mobile sensors (such as GPS, accelerometer and gyroscope) together with increasing computational power have enabled an easier access to contextual information, which proved its value in next generation of the recommender applications. The importance of contextual information has been recognized by researchers in many disciplines, such as ubiquitous and mobile computing, to filter the query results and provide recommendations based on different user status. A context-aware recommendation system (CoARS) provides a personalized service to each individual user, driven by his or her particular needs and interests at any location and anytime. Therefore, a contextual recommendation system changes in real time as a user’s circumstances changes. CoARS is one of the major applications that has been refined over the years due to the evolving geospatial techniques and big data management practices. In this paper, a CoARS is designed and implemented to combine the context information from smartphones’ sensors and user preferences to improve efficiency and usability of the recommendation. The proposed approach combines user’s context information (such as location, time, and transportation mode), personalized preferences (using individuals past behavior), and item-based recommendations (such as item’s ranking and type) to personally filter the item list. The context-aware methodology is based on preprocessing and filtering of raw data, context extraction and context reasoning. This study examined the application of such a system in recommending a suitable restaurant using both web-based and android platforms. The implemented system uses CoARS techniques to provide beneficial and accurate recommendations to the users. The capabilities of the system is evaluated successfully with recommendation experiment and usability test.
TECHNICAL NOTE | doi:10.20944/preprints202307.1206.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Other Keywords: ACUX-R; graphical user interface; mobile application; cultural tourism; recommendation systems; visiting preferences; personalization
Online: 18 July 2023 (09:51:25 CEST)
This article presents the graphical user interface of the ACUX-R mobile recommendation system, tailored for the cultural tourism domain. ACUX-R offers personalized recommendations based on visiting preferences, augmenting the overall user experience. Building upon a comprehensive methodology and recommendation algorithms from previous work, this contribution focuses on the user interface aspects of the ACUX-R by highlighting key design considerations, user interface elements and functionalities that contribute to an effective and engaging user experience. In an effort to evaluate the proposed interface, an initial case study with a dataset consisting of points of interest from the City of Athens, Greece has been performed. In the framework of the aforementioned study, the proposed user interface attained high ratings with respect to inspiring, exciting, interesting, and enthusiastic user experiences.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202307.1001.v3
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Information Systems Keywords: news recommendation system; cold start problem; hybrid approach; demographic information; new users; popular news
Online: 18 July 2023 (07:42:17 CEST)
News recommendation schemes utilize features of the news itself and information about users to suggest and recommend relevant news items to the users towards the interest they have. However, the effectiveness of the existing news recommendation scheme is limited in the occurrence of new user cold start problems. Therefore, we designed a news recommender system using hybrid approaches to address new user cold start problems to ease and suggest more related news articles for new users. To achieve the objective mentioned above, user demographic data with a hybrid recommendation system that contains the scheme of both content-based and collaborative filtering approaches is proposed. To evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed model, an extensive experiment is conducted using a dataset of news articles with user rating value and user demographic data. The performance of the proposed model is done by two ways of experiment. So, the performance of the proposed model performs around 68.05% of Precision, 42.46% of Recall and 52.1% of the average F1 score for the experiment based on individual user similarity in the system. And also performs around 93.75% of precision, 40.25% of recall and 56.31% F1-score for the similarity of users based on the similarity of users within the same category which is better than the first experiment.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202106.0063.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Algebra And Number Theory Keywords: Churn 1; customer churn; customer segmentation; churn prevention; predictive churn model; recommendation system engine.
Online: 2 June 2021 (10:03:02 CEST)
The strategy of any organization is based on the growth of its customer base, and one of its principles is that selling a product to an existing customer is much more profitable than acquiring a new customer. However, this approach has several opportunities for improvement, since it usually has a totally reactive approach, which does not give opportunity to the areas specialized in customer experience and recovery, to give an effective response for that moment, since the customer is gone at the time of the intervention. This happens because usually a diagnostic analysis of customers who have stopped buying products or services in a defined period, commonly three (3) periods or months, is performed. This thesis work challenges the way to face this problem, and proposes the development of a complete solution, which does not focus exclusively on the prediction of churn, as is usually done in the state of the art research, but to intervene in different interactions that can be carried out with customers. The above focused not only to prevent customer churn, but to generate an added value of continuous improvement in sales processes, increase customer penetration, leading to an improvement in customer experience and consequently, an increase in customer loyalty.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202103.0016.v1
Subject: Physical Sciences, Biophysics Keywords: keyword 1; Hapkido 2; Service Quality 3; Quality on Exercise Continuation 4; Recommendation Intentions
Online: 1 March 2021 (13:37:51 CET)
This research analyzed the impact of quality of service as perceived by Hapkido students on their exercise continuation and recommendation intentions. It also identified the measures to reduce the rate of student dropout, strengthen competitiveness, and create more efficient marketing strategies for consumer patterns that are rapidly diversifying Hapkido. A questionnaire survey method was conducted with 300 middle and high school students aged 14–19 years having Hapkido training of three months to two years in Incheon and Bucheon during March–April 2019. Frequency, factor, reliability, correlation, and standard multiple regression analyses were conducted on the surveyed data. The conclusions are as follows. First, considering the impact of service quality on exercise continuation intention, service quality positively affects reliability, personification, and perceptual openness; in terms of possibility, it positively affects typicality, personification, and perceptual openness; and in terms of reinforcement, it positively affects reliability and perceptual openness. Second, examining the impact of service quality on recommendation intention positively affects reliability, personification, and perceptual openness. Third, exercise continuation intention positively affects recommendation intention.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202001.0015.v1
Subject: Business, Economics And Management, Business And Management Keywords: expectancy disconfirmation theory; customer satisfaction; e-commerce personalized service; recommendation system; deep neural network
Online: 2 January 2020 (05:34:39 CET)
With the development of information technology and the popularization of mobile devices, collecting various types of customer data such as purchase history or behavior patterns became possible. As the customer data being accumulated, there is a growing demand for personalized recommendation services that provide customized services to customers. Currently, global e-commerce companies offer personalized recommendation services to gain a sustainable competitive advantage. However, previous research on recommendation systems has consistently raised the issue that the accuracy of recommendation algorithms does not necessarily lead to the satisfaction of recommended service users. It also claims that customers are highly satisfied when the recommendation system recommends diverse items to them. In this study, we want to identify the factors that determine customer satisfaction when using the recommendation system which provides personalized services. To this end, we developed a recommendation system based on Deep Neural Networks (DNN) and measured the accuracy of recommendation service, the diversity of recommended items and customer satisfaction with the recommendation service. The experimental results of is the study showed that both recommendation system accuracy and diversity would have a positive effect on customer satisfaction. These results can further improve customer satisfaction with the recommendation system and promote the sustainable development of e-commerce.
HYPOTHESIS | doi:10.20944/preprints202106.0119.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Algebra And Number Theory Keywords: Churn 1; customer churn; customer segmentation; churn prevention; predictive churn 20 model; recommendation system engine
Online: 3 June 2021 (14:57:01 CEST)
The strategy of any organization is based on the growth of its customer base, and one of 5 its principles is that selling a product to an existing customer is much more profitable than acquiring 6 a new customer. However, this approach has several opportunities for improvement, since it usu- 7 ally has a totally reactive approach, which does not give opportunity to the areas specialized in 8 customer experience and recovery, to give an effective response for that moment, since the customer 9 is gone at the time of the intervention. This happens because usually a diagnostic analysis of cus- 10 tomers who have stopped buying products or services in a defined period, commonly three (3) pe- 11 riods or months, is performed. This thesis work challenges the way to face this problem, and pro- 12 poses the development of a complete solution, which does not focus exclusively on the prediction 13 of churn, as is usually done in the state of the art research, but to intervene in different interactions 14 that can be carried out with customers. The above focused not only to prevent customer churn, but 15 to generate an added value of continuous improvement in sales processes, increase customer pene- 16 tration, leading to an improvement in customer experience and consequently, an increase in cus- 17 tomer loyalty.
HYPOTHESIS | doi:10.20944/preprints202106.0118.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Analysis Keywords: Churn 1; customer churn; customer segmentation; churn prevention; predictive churn 21 model; recommendation system engine.
Online: 3 June 2021 (13:34:28 CEST)
The strategy of any organization is based on the growth of its customer base, and one of 6 its principles is that selling a product to an existing customer is much more profitable than acquiring 7 a new customer. However, this approach has several opportunities for improvement, since it usu- 8 ally has a totally reactive approach, which does not give opportunity to the areas specialized in 9 customer experience and recovery, to give an effective response for that moment, since the customer 10 is gone at the time of the intervention. This happens because usually a diagnostic analysis of cus- 11 tomers who have stopped buying products or services in a defined period, commonly three (3) pe- 12 riods or months, is performed. This paper challenges the way to face this problem, and proposes 13 the development of a complete solution, which does not focus exclusively on the prediction of 14 churn, as is usually done in the state of the art research, but to intervene in different interactions 15 that can be carried out with customers. The above focused not only to prevent customer churn, but 16 to generate an added value of continuous improvement in sales processes, increase customer pene- 17 tration, leading to an improvement in customer experience and consequently, an increase in cus- 18 tomer loyalty.
CONCEPT PAPER | doi:10.20944/preprints202106.0113.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Algebra And Number Theory Keywords: Churn 1; customer churn; customer segmentation; churn prevention; predictive churn 20 model; recommendation system engine.
Online: 3 June 2021 (12:48:22 CEST)
The strategy of any organization is based on the growth of its customer base, and one of 5 its principles is that selling a product to an existing customer is much more profitable than acquiring 6 a new customer. However, this approach has several opportunities for improvement, since it usu- 7 ally has a totally reactive approach, which does not give opportunity to the areas specialized in 8 customer experience and recovery, to give an effective response for that moment, since the customer 9 is gone at the time of the intervention. This happens because usually a diagnostic analysis of cus- 10 tomers who have stopped buying products or services in a defined period, commonly three (3) pe- 11 riods or months, is performed. This paper challenges the way to face this problem, and proposes 12 the development of a complete solution, which does not focus exclusively on the prediction of 13 churn, as is usually done in the state of the art research, but to intervene in different interactions 14 that can be carried out with customers. The above focused not only to prevent customer churn, but 15 to generate an added value of continuous improvement in sales processes, increase customer pene- 16 tration, leading to an improvement in customer experience and consequently, an increase in cus- 17 tomer loyalty.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201711.0033.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Information Systems Keywords: social recommendation; relationship graph; micro relation transfer model; macro relation transfer model; monte carlo decision tree
Online: 6 November 2017 (06:36:37 CET)
Social recommendation is almost as the integration of the business platform and social platform, and gradually become a top in recommendation system. Social recommendation algorithm solves the problem of cold start and data sparseness for traditional commodity, while the internal structure of the relationship graph in social relations has not been fully excavated. This paper proposes two models of Micro Relation Transfer Model and Macro Relation Transfer Model of social relations, and applies the social relations transfer models into the social recommendation system. A relationship graph is built from the relationship between customers on the Internet. Micro Relation Transfer Model establishes the transfer activation function by calculating the relationship between the two customers using the similarity of interests set. Micro Relation Transfer Model spreads the relationship of friends by calculating the proportion of common neighbors held by the customer's social relations. In order to effectively control the transmission range and effect of social relations graph, we introduce pruning algorithm based on Monte Carlo Decision Tree convergence algorithm. The experimental results show that SRRTC algorithm enhances the success rate and stability significantly.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202007.0081.v1
Subject: Biology And Life Sciences, Animal Science, Veterinary Science And Zoology Keywords: Dryophytes immaculatus; Dryophytes suweonensis; Dryophytes flaviventris; Yellow sea; North East Asia; threat; amphibian; recommendation IUCN Red List
Online: 5 July 2020 (15:17:27 CEST)
Threat assessment is important to prioritize species conservation projects and planning. The taxonomic resolution regarding the status of the “Dryophytes immaculatus group” and the description of a new species in the Republic of Korea resulted in a shift in ranges and population sizes. Thus, reviewing the IUCN Red List status of the three species from the group: D. immaculatus, D. suweonensis and D. flaviventris and recommending an update is needed. While the three species have similar ecological requirements and are distributed around the Yellow sea, they are under contrasting anthropological pressure and threats. Here, based on the literature available, I have applied all IUCN Red List criteria and tested the fit of each species in each criteria to recommend listing under the adequate threat level. This resulted in the recommendation of the following categories: Near Threatened for D. immaculatus, Endangered following the criteria C2a(i)b for D. suweonensis and Critically Endangered following the criteria E for D. flaviventris. All three species are declining, mostly because of landscape changes as a result of human activities, but the differences in range, population dynamics and already extirpated sub-populations result in different threat levels for each species. Dryophytes flaviventris is under the highest threat category mostly because of its limited range, segregated into two sub-populations and several known historical sub-populations are now extirpated. Immediate actions for the conservation of this species are required. Dryophytes suweonensis is present in both the Republic of Korea and the Democratic Republic of Korea and is under lower ecological pressure in DPR Korea. Dryophytes immaculatus is present in the People’s Republic of China, on a very large range despite a marked decline. I recommend joint efforts for the conservation of these species.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201811.0092.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Computer Science Keywords: TV channel rating; expert recommendation systems; fuzzy resources control; fuzzy classification knowledge bases; solving fuzzy relational equations
Online: 5 November 2018 (09:16:56 CET)
The purpose of the study is to control the ratio of programs of different genres when forming the broadcast grid in order to increase and maintain the rating of the channel. In the multichannel environment, television rating control consists of selecting such content, ratings of which are completely restored after advertising. A hybrid approach combining the benefits of semantic training and fuzzy relational equations in simplification of the expert recommendation systems construction is proposed. The problem of retaining the television rating can be attributed to the problems of fuzzy resources control. The increase or decrease trends of the demand and supply are described by primary fuzzy relations. The rule-based solutions of fuzzy relational equations connect significance measures of the primary fuzzy terms. Rules refinement by solving fuzzy relational equations allows avoiding labor-intensive procedures for the generation and selection of expert rules. The solution set generation corresponds to the granulation of the television time, where each solution represents the time slot and the granulated rating of the content. In automated media planning, generation of the weekly TV program in the form of the granular solutions provides the decrease of the time needed for the programming of the channel broadcast grid.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201901.0294.v2
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Analysis Keywords: Data preprocessing; data validation; recommendation engine; E-commerce; Click-through rate; Buy-through rate; online customer behavior; non-parametric outlier removal; personalization
Online: 1 February 2019 (10:22:37 CET)
E-commerce businesses employ recommender models to assist in identifying a personalized set of products for each visitor. To accurately assess the recommendations’ influence on customer clicks and buys, three target areas—customer behavior, data collection, user-interface —will be explored for possible sources of erroneous data. Varied customer behavior misrepresents the recommendations’ true influence on a customer due to the presence of B2B interactions and outlier customers. Non-parametric statistical procedures for outlier removal are delineated and other strategies are investigated to account for the effect of a large percentage of new customers or high bounce rates. Subsequently, in data collection we identify probable misleading interactions in the raw data, propose a robust method of tracking unique visitors, and accurately attributing the buy influence for combo products. Lastly, user-interface issues discuss the possible problems caused due to the recommendation widget’s positioning on the e-commerce website and the stringent conditions that should be imposed when utilizing data from the product listing page. This collective methodology results in an exact and valid estimation of the customer’s interactions influenced by the recommendation model in the context of standard industry metrics such as Click-through rates, Buy-through rates, and Conversion revenue.