ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202308.1849.v1
Subject: Medicine And Pharmacology, Pediatrics, Perinatology And Child Health Keywords: restless sleep disorder; periodic leg movements during sleep; prematurity; iron deficiency
Online: 28 August 2023 (10:29:19 CEST)
Children with history of prematurity are at higher risk of complications, comorbidities and iron deficiency. In this study we assess the prevalence of restless sleep disorder, as well as that of periodic leg movements during sleep (PLMS) in these children. Retrospective chart review of sleep studies in children aged 1-18 years, with history of prematurity. Only diagnostic studies in children without diagnosis of a genetic syndrome or airway surgery or tracheostomy were included. Three groups were compared, children with PLMS index>5, children with restless sleep disorder (RSD), and children with neither elevated PLMS index nor RSD. During the study, 2,577 sleep studies were conducted. Ninety-two studies fit our criteria and were included in analysis. Median birth age was 31 weeks, interquartile range (IQR) 27-34 weeks. Thirty-two (34.8%) children were referred for restless sleep and 55 (59.8%) for snoring; after polysomnography 18% were found to have PLMS index >5/hour, 14% fit the criteria for RSD. There were no statistically significant differences in polysomnographic parameters between the children with RSD, PLMS and the remaining group, except for lower obstructive apnea/hypopnea index (Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA 8.621, p=0.0135) in the RSD group (median 0.7, IQR 0.3-0.9) than in the PLMS (median 1.7, IQR 0.7-3.5), or than in the nonRSD/nonPLMS group (median 2.0, IQR 0.8-4.5). There was elevated frequency of RSD and elevated PLMS in children with history of prematurity that might be linked to the increased risk of iron deficiency in premature infants. These new results add new knowledge on the prevalence of RSD in these children.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202311.0975.v1
Subject: Biology And Life Sciences, Biochemistry And Molecular Biology Keywords: mRNAs; RNA sequencing; Parkinson’s disease; transcriptome analysis; substantia nigra
Online: 15 November 2023 (07:11:39 CET)
Parkinson's disease (PD) stands as the most prevalent degenerative movement disorder, characterized by the loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra of the midbrain. In this study, we assessed the transcriptome by analyzing post-mortem mRNA extracted from the substantia nigra of individuals with PD and healthy controls. A total of 16,148 transcripts were identified, with 92 mRNAs displaying differential expression between PD and control groups. Specifically, 33 mRNAs were significantly upregulated, while 59 mRNAs were downregulated in PD compared to controls. The identification of statistically significant signaling pathways, with an adjusted p-value threshold of 0.05, unveiled noteworthy insights. Particularly, enriched categories included cardiac muscle contraction (involving genes such as ATPase Na+/K+ transporting subunit beta 2 (ATP1B2), solute carrier family 8 member A1 (SLC8A1), and cytochrome c oxidase subunit II (COX2)), GABAergic synapse (involving GABA type A receptor-associated protein like 1 (GABARAPL1), G protein subunit beta 5 (GNB5), and solute carrier family 38 member 2 (SLC38A2)), autophagy (involving GABARAPL1 and tumor protein p53-inducible nuclear protein 2 (TP53INP2)), and Fc gamma R-mediated phagocytosis (involving amphiphysin (AMPH)). These findings uncover new pathophysiological dimensions underlying PD, including the involvement of cardiac muscle contraction and specific mitochondrial activity. This knowledge not only contributes to better diagnostic precision but also paves the way for the development of new targeted therapies.Keywords: mRNAs; RNA sequencing; Parkinson’s disease; transcriptome analysis; substantia nigra
COMMUNICATION | doi:10.20944/preprints201909.0346.v1
Subject: Biology And Life Sciences, Biochemistry And Molecular Biology Keywords: neurogenetics; dementia; next-generation sequencing; in silico analysis; genetic variant; phenotypic variability
Online: 30 September 2019 (11:05:36 CEST)
Background: Advancements in the next-generation sequencing (NGS) techniques have allowed for efficient genetic variant detection at reduced costs. Methods: We describe an ad hoc NGS-based custom designed resequencing gene panel to identify genetic variants in 8 patients with dementing disorders. Results: We found variants of TREM2 and APP genes in three patients; these have been previously identified as pathogenic or likely pathogenic and, therefore, considered as “Disease Causing”. In the remaining subjects, the pathogenicity was evaluated on the in silico analysis, according to the guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics. In one patient, the p.R205W variant was causative of the disease, thus considered as “Possibly Disease Causing”. The variants found from the other four subjects in the CSF1R, SERPINI1, GRN, and APP genes revealed discordant in silico results and, therefore, it was not possible to assign a definitive pathogenicity. Conclusions: Notwithstanding the limitations of a customized panel, we detected some rare genetic variants with a probable disease association. The future application of NGS techniques and the further replication of these experimental data will replace the so-called “gene by gene” approach with a “panel of genes” strategy, that offers promising perspectives in the diagnosis and management of neurodegenerative disorders.