Subject: Chemistry And Materials Science, Electronic, Optical And Magnetic Materials Keywords: quasicrystals; chemical bond; thermoelectric materials
Online: 17 May 2019 (14:12:50 CEST)
Quasicrystals are a class of ordered solids made of typical metallic atoms but they do not exhibit the physical properties usually signaling the presence of metallic bonding and their electrical and thermal transport properties resemble a more semiconductor-like than metallic character. In this paper I first review a number of experimental results and numerical simulations suggesting that the origin of the unusual properties of these compounds can be traced back to two main features. For one thing, we have the formation of covalent bonds among certain atoms grouped into clusters at a local scale. Thus, the nature of chemical bonding among certain constituent atoms should play a significant role in the onset of non-metallic physical properties of quasicrystals bearing transition-metal elements. On the other hand, the self-similar symmetry of the underlying structure gives rise to the presence of an extended chemical bonding network due to a hierarchical nesting of clusters. This novel structural design leads to the existence of quite diverse wave functions, whose transmission characteristics range from extended to almost localized ones. Finally, the potential of quasicrystals as thermoelectric materials is discussed on the basis of their specific transport properties.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201704.0183.v1
Subject: Physical Sciences, Optics And Photonics Keywords: quasicrystals; photonic crystals; photonic bandgap materials
Online: 28 April 2017 (04:57:05 CEST)
The properties of photonic quasicrystals ultimate rely on their inherent long-range order, a hallmark that can be quantified in many ways depending on the specific aspects to be studied. We use the Lempel-Ziv measure, a basic tool for information theoretic problems, to characterize the complexity of the specific structure under consideration. Using the generalized Fibonacci quasicrystals as our thread, we adress the relation between the optical response and the associated complexity.
REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints202310.0953.v1
Subject: Physical Sciences, Condensed Matter Physics Keywords: Quasicrystals; Chemical bonding; Transport properties; Magnetism; Superconductivity
Online: 16 October 2023 (09:41:15 CEST)
Four decades have elapsed since the first quasiperiodic crystal was discovered in the Al-Mn alloy system, and many progresses have been made during this time interval in the science of quasicrystals (QCs). Notwithstanding this, a significant number of open questions still remain regarding both fundamental and technological aspects. For instance: What are QCs good for? How can we improve the current provisional QC definition? What is the role of the underlying quasiperiodic order and the characteristic inflation symmetry of these compounds in the emergence of their unusual physicochemical properties? or, What is the nature of chemical bonding in QCs formed in such different sorts of materials as alloys, oxides, or organic polymers? In this essay I will discuss these, and other closely related, issues from an interdisciplinary perspective and will comment on appealing prospectives in the field for the years to come.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202207.0437.v1
Subject: Physical Sciences, Condensed Matter Physics Keywords: Higher order topological insulators; quasicrystals; bound states
Online: 28 July 2022 (09:24:17 CEST)
The experimental realization of twisted bilayer graphene strongly pushed the inspection of bilayer systems. In this context, it was recently shown that a two layer Haldane model with a thirty degree rotation angle between the layers represents a higher order topological insulator, with zero-dimensional states isolated in energy and localized at the physical vertices of the nanostructure. We show, within a numerical tight binding approach, that the energy of the zero dimensional states strongly depends on the geometrical structure of the vertices. In the most extreme cases, once a specific band gap is considered, these bound states can even disappear just by changing the vertex structure.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201903.0137.v2
Subject: Physical Sciences, Quantum Science And Technology Keywords: quantum groups; quantum gravity; quantum information; particle physics; quasicrystals; Fibonacci anyons
Online: 6 May 2019 (09:06:55 CEST)
Considering the predictions from the standard model of particle physics coupled with experimental results from particle accelerators, we discuss a scenario in which from the infinite possibilities in the Lie groups we use to describe particle physics, nature needs only the lower dimensional representations - an important phenomenology that we argue indicates nature is code theoretic. We show that the quantum deformation of the SU(2) Lie algebra at the fifth root of unity can be used to address the quantum Lorentz group representation theory through its universal covering group and gives the right low dimensional physical realistic spin quantum numbers confirmed by experiments. In this manner we can describe the spacetime symmetry content of relativistic quantum fields in accordance with the well known Wigner classification. Further connections of the fifth root of unity quantization with the mass quantum number associated with the Poincaré Group and the SU(N) charge quantum numbers are discussed as well as their implication for quantum gravity.
REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints201610.0098.v1
Subject: Engineering, Mining And Mineral Processing Keywords: quasicrystals; aperiodic mineral structures; crystal and quasicrystal morphologies; quasicrystalline minerals; skutterudite; cobaltine
Online: 24 October 2016 (04:59:48 CEST)
In this article, we first present and discuss eighteenth-century descriptions of minerals that contributed decisively to the development of crystallography. Remarkably, these old crystallographic descriptions included morphologies with symmetries incompatible with an internal periodic order of atoms, which, however, have been recognised to be characteristics of quasicrystals. Moreover, we also review a number of studies of minerals with aperiodic crystal structures, including recently reported natural quasicrystals of extra-terrestrial origin. Finally, we discuss the current investigations addressing the search for new quasicrystalline minerals in nature.
Subject: Physical Sciences, Theoretical Physics Keywords: self-simulation hypothesis; principle of efficient language; quasicrystals; game of life; emergence; state sum models
Online: 9 September 2021 (11:08:57 CEST)
In light of the self-simulation hypothesis, a simple form implementation of the principle of efficient language is discussed in a self-referential geometric quasicrystalline state sum model in three dimensions. Emergence is discussed in context of geometric state sum models.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202311.1516.v1
Subject: Chemistry And Materials Science, Other Keywords: Self-assemble; Matter agglomeration; Glasses; Quasicrystals; Carbon Fullerenes; Graphene; Virus Structures; Nanotechnology; Energy landscape; Path Integrals.
Online: 23 November 2023 (11:07:04 CET)
Matter grows and self-assembles to produce complex structures such as virus capsids, carbon fullerenes, proteins, glasses, etc. Due to its complexity, performing pen-and-paper calculations to explain and describe such assemblies is cumbersome. Many years ago, Richard Kerner presented a pen-and-paper path integral approach to understand self-organized matter. Although successfully addressed many important problems including the yield of fullerene formation, the glass transition temperature of doped chalcogenide glasses, the fraction of boroxol rings in B2O3 glasses, the first theoretical explanation for the empirical recipe of window and Pyrex glass and the understanding of virus capsid self-assembly, still is not the primary choice when tackling similar problems. The reason lies in the fact that it diverges from mainstream approaches based on the energy landscape paradigm and non-equilibrium thermodynamics. In this context, a critical review is presented, demonstrating that the Richard Kerner method is, in fact, a clever way to identify relevant configurations. Its equations are simplified, common physical sense versions to those found in the energy landscape kinetic equations. Subsequently, the utilization of equilibrium Boltzmann factors in the transition Markov chain probabilities is analyzed within the context of local two-level energy landscape models kinetics. This analysis demonstrates that their use remains valid when the local energy barrier between reaction coordinate states is small compared to the thermal energy. This finding places the Richard Kerner model on par with other more sophisticated methods and, hopefully, will promote its adoption as an initial and useful choice for describing the self-agglomeration of matter.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202208.0293.v1
Subject: Physical Sciences, Atomic And Molecular Physics Keywords: Golden ratio; Irrational numbers; Fibonacci sequence; Spiral galaxy; Planetary orbits; KAM Theorem; Ultimatum game; Proteins; Penrose tiling; Quasicrystals
Online: 16 August 2022 (14:29:27 CEST)
The Golden ratio is an irrational number that has a tendency to appear in many different scientific and artistic fields. It may be found in natural phenomena across a vast range of length scales; from galactic to atomic. In this review, the mathematical properties of the Golden ratio are discussed before exploring where in nature it has been found; beginning at astronomical scales and progressing to smaller lengths, until reaching those of atomic and quantum physics. In making such a tour across length scales, it is illustrated just how prevalent this single number is within the natural universe.