ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202212.0339.v1
Subject: Engineering, Industrial And Manufacturing Engineering Keywords: MEMS; triaxial accelerometer; error analysis; thermal drift; calibration; temperature compensation; tilt measurement
Online: 19 December 2022 (10:11:48 CET)
This paper presents a calibration and thermal compensation method that aims to minimize cost and processing time while maintaining high accuracy. First, the number of positions to perform the calibration procedure is optimized, and then, based on this optimized calibration number, thermal compensation is performed, which is necessary for environments with large temperature variations, since calibration parameters change at different temperatures. The calibration procedures and algorithms were experimentally validated on marketed accelerometers. Based on the optimized calibration method, the calibrated results have been obtained nearly 100 times improvement. Thermal drift calibration experiments on the triaxial accelerometer show that the thermal compensation scheme in this paper can effectively reduce drift in the temperature range of -40°C to 60°C. The temperature drifts of x- and y-axes are reduced from -13.2 and 11.8 mg to -0.9 and -1.1 mg, respectively. The z-axis temperature drift is reduced from -17.9 to 1.8 mg. We have conducted various experiments on the proposed calibration method and demonstrated its capacity to calibrate the sensor frame error model (SFEM) parameters. Therefore, the MEMS sensors calibrated in this paper have certain engineering application values for tilt measurement.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202001.0005.v1
Subject: Environmental And Earth Sciences, Atmospheric Science And Meteorology Keywords: weather radar; polarimetry; smoke plumes; wild fires; polarimetric characteristics
Online: 2 January 2020 (03:35:31 CET)
Weather surveillance radars routinely detect smoke of various origin. Of particular significance to the meteorological community are wildfires in forests and/or prairies. For example, one responsibility of the National Weather Service in the USA is to forecast fire outlooks as well as to monitor wild fire evolution. Polarimetric variables have enabled relatively easy recognitions of smoke plumes in data fields of weather radars. Presented here are the fields of these variables from smoke plumes caused by grass fire, brush fire, and forest fire. Histograms of polarimetric data from plumes contrast these three cases. Most of the data are from the polarimetric Weather Surveillance Radar 1988 Doppler (WSR-88D aka Nexrad, 10 cm wavelength) hence the wavelength does not influence these comparisons. Nevertheless, in one case simultaneous observations of a plume by the operational Terminal Doppler Weather Radar (TDWR, 5 cm wavelength) and a WSR-88D is used to infer backscattering characteristic and hence sizes of dominant contributors to the returns. In addition, comparisons with observations by other investigators of plumes from urban area but at a 5 cm wavelength are made. To interpret some measurements Computational Electromagnetics (CEM) tools are applied.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202303.0406.v1
Subject: Environmental And Earth Sciences, Geophysics And Geology Keywords: Weak surface; Fracture; Displacement Field; Highwall Bench; Stress Field; Contour
Online: 23 March 2023 (02:23:20 CET)
Geological structures such as joints and faults in rock mass have significant influence on open pit mining. Hence, it is critical to develop a understanding of dynamic joint behaviour under blasting loading. This in turn can provide both theoretical and practical guidance to improve blasting rock fragmentation and associated bucket excavating efficiency. In this paper, delayed blasting on the highwall bench at Baiyunebo open-pit mine was used as an example, a nonlinear joint blasting model was also constructed. By simplifying the blasting wave propagation velocity, the P-wave normal incidence to the joint was obtained. The peak vibration velocity was 0.33m/s at 3.0s. The S-wave reflected by the joint interface was first reflected backward and then forward, which the peak vibration velocity was 0.027 m/s. By combining the relevant stress and displacement theories of type I and II cracks, the equipotential diagrams of the stress and displacement field with the vibration velocity of the particle were obtained. σx was positive in the direction of 0~330° and subjected to tensile stress, whereas σy was positive in the direction of 0~180° and under tensile stress. The longitudinal σy along joint was low in compressive stress distribution area and did not affect surrounding rock at the time. The stress concentration appeared in the lower right corner. Based on the continuous behavior of stress wave in joints, the asymmetry and continuous changes reflected in the whole process could not be analysed by the contour diagram. Hence, ANSYS used to analyse distribution of the stress field. The intensity of the shock wave after detonation was greater than that of the rock strength. Subsequently, the sub-layer shock wave supplemented the shock wave energy that was not enough to break the rock and induced further cracking. This was able to be visualized by the degree of color change post-processing. It was concluded that with the attenuation of the detonation wave energy, the stress exhibited a decreasing trend in this process. According to distribution of the peak effective stress, it was found that the peak value first increased to 10-12 MPa and then showed a downward trend. Overall, the results were validated against the finite element simulation and mathematical analysis.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202307.0233.v1
Subject: Engineering, Marine Engineering Keywords: g-C3N4; ZnIn2S4; photocathodic protection; composites; XPS
Online: 5 July 2023 (03:48:28 CEST)
Low separation efficiency of photogenerated carriers and inefficient utilization of visible light limit the application of g-C3N4 nanosheets (CNNs) in the field of photocathodic protection (PCP). Therefore, this work considered indium zinc sulfide (ZnIn2S4, ZIS) as a visible photosensitizer and an electronic donor to promote its PCP performance. ZIS nanolayers with nano-leaf structures were fabricated on CNNs by a simple hydrothermal method. The synthesized 30% ZIS@CNNs composites significantly enhanced the PCP performance for 316 stainless steel (SS) compared with pure CNNs. Under visible light illumination, the 30% ZIS@CNNs photoelectrode exhibited the largest photoinduced current density of 17.30 μA cm−2 and a photoinduced potential drop of 0.37 V, which was approximately 4 and 7.5 times higher than that of pure CNNs, respectively. The improved protection performance may be attributed to the significant increase in visible light absorption and the great enhancement in the separation efficiency of