ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202107.0260.v1
Subject: Engineering, Automotive Engineering Keywords: Hydrofoil optimization; NSGA-II; CFD; XFOIL; NACA 63815; Bezier curve
Online: 12 July 2021 (12:26:14 CEST)
A method was developed to perform shape optimization of a tidal stream turbine hydrofoil using a multi-objective genetic algorithm. A bezier curve parameterized the refrence hydrofoil profoil NACA 63815. Shape optimization of this hydrofoil maximized its lift-to-darg ratio and minimized its pressure coefficient, thereby increasing the turbines power output power and improving its cavitation characteristics. The Elitist Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm (NSGA-II) was employed to perform the shape optimization. A comparative study of two-and three-dimensional optimizations was carried out. The effect of varing the angle of attack on the quality of optimized results was also studied. predictions based on two-dimensional panel method results was also studied. Preditions based on a two-dimensional panel method and on a computational fluid dynamics code were compared to experimental measurments.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202304.1244.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Artificial Intelligence And Machine Learning Keywords: Surrogate models; Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations; variable geometry; high Reynolds number; turbulence modeling
Online: 30 April 2023 (03:02:34 CEST)
Physics-informed neural networks are a promising method to yield surrogate models of flow fields. We present a metamodeling technique for variable geometries based on physics-informed neural networks. The method was applied to the DU99W350 airfoil at a Reynolds number of 1×105. The model predicted the Reynolds-averaged velocity and pressure field around the airfoil for arbitrary angles of attack between 10.0° and 17.5°. The model was trained with data from CFD simulations for a limited set of angles of attack. Additionally, satisfaction of the a priori known boundary conditions as well as the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations were trained. A sensitivity analysis concerning the Reynolds number, the amount and distribution of training data, and the turbulence model was conducted showing the superiority of the pseudo-Reynolds stress method and the demand of labeled training data in the domain. The trained network was capable of predicting the developing flow separation on the suction surface and exhibited excellent agreement with CFD results even in the proximity to the wall for interpolations as well as extrapolations from the labeled data set.