CASE REPORT | doi:10.20944/preprints202208.0155.v1
Subject: Medicine And Pharmacology, Neuroscience And Neurology Keywords: Antrograde Amnesia; repetitive questioning; Transient global amnesia
Online: 8 August 2022 (10:55:46 CEST)
Transient global amnesia (TGA) is an uncommon clinical syndrome characterized by a loss of short-term memory and disorientation that resolves in twenty-four hours. The etiology is unknown and the diagnosis is made by exclusion of other possible etiologies that may cause similar patterns and the reversibility of the condition in less than 24 hours. Here we report a 60-year-old male presented with sudden onset of disorientation and short-term memory loss early in the morning while at home and started to ask his whereabouts and what happened. He had no history of significant medical or psychiatric disease. There was no history of previous similar episodes. He had no recent history of sleep problems, head trauma, substance abuse, or loss of consciousness. He had no history of seizure disorder, or migraine. A neurologic examination revealed a normal wakefulness state with mild disorientation, and short-term memory impairment. He had score of 18/30 on mini-mental state examination (which later returned to normal baseline in 24 hours). Extensive lab investigations did not show any abnormal findings. Brain MRI did not show any acute cerebral pathology. The EEG was negative for any abnormal cerebral activity. His memory improved and returned to normal baseline over the course of a 20-hour from the onset. After exclusion of potential causes and the patient returned to normal state of memory, the diagnosis of transient global amnesia was made. At the follow-up visit, the patient was in a state of normal function without a recurrence of memory impairment. Here we presented this interesting case of transient global amnesia. TGA is diagnosis of exclusion and important to keep in mind when evaluating a patient with acute onset of short-term memory impairment, especially when etiological investigation revealed no potential cause.