ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201808.0513.v1
Subject: Environmental And Earth Sciences, Space And Planetary Science Keywords: usability; perceived added value; public participation; planning support system; 3D visualization; E-participation
Online: 30 August 2018 (05:23:28 CEST)
Public participation is significant for the success of any urban planning project. However, most members of the general public are not planning professionals and may not understand the technical details of a 2D paper-based plan, which might hamper their participation. One way to expand the participation of citizens is to present plans in well-designed, user-friendly and interactive platforms that allow participation regardless of the technical skills of the participants. This paper investigates the impacts of the combined use of 3D visualization and E-participation on public participation in Kisumu, Kenya. A 3D City model, created with CityEngine2016, was exported into a web-based geo-portal and used as a Planning Support System in two stakeholder workshops in order to evaluate its usability. For e-participation, 300 questionnaires given out to planning practitioners. Five indicators were developed for evaluating the usability of the 3D model while the usability of e-participation was evaluated using communication, collaboration and learning as indicators. Results showed that effectiveness and efficiency varies within different professional groups while the questionnaires showed strong preference for e-participation methods, especially SMSs/USSDs and emails. The study concludes that the use of 3D visualization and E-participation has the potential for improving the quality and quantity of public participation and recommends further research on the subject.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202309.0762.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Computer Vision And Graphics Keywords: image processing; image analysis; deep learning; roof structure extraction; roof vectorization; frame field learning
Online: 12 September 2023 (08:36:45 CEST)
A topic of growing interest in urban remote sensing is the automated extraction of geometrical building information for 3D city modeling. Roof geometry information is useful for applications such as urban planning, solar potential estimation and telecommunication installation planning, and wind flow simulations for pollutant diffusion analysis. Recent research has proven that the advance in remote sensing technologies and deep learning methods offer the prospects of deriving the roof structure information accurately and efficiently. In this study, we propose a Vectorized Roof Extractor- method based on Fully Convolutional Networks (FCNs) and advanced polygonization method to extract roof structure from aerial imagery and a normalized Digital Surface Models (nDSM) in a regularized vector format. The roof structure consists of building outlines, external edges of the building roof, inner rooflines, internal intersections of the main roof planes. The methodology is comprised of segmentation, vectorization and post-processing for outer rooflines, external edges of the building roof, and inner rooflines, and internal intersections of the main roof planes. For the comparison, we adapt the Frame field Learning (FFL) method originally designed to extract building polygons . Our experiments are conducted on a custom data set derived for the city of Enschede, The Netherlands, using aerial imagery, nDSM and manually digitized training polygons. The results show that the proposed Vectorized Roof Extractor outperformed adapted FFL on PoLiS distance with values of 3.5 m and 1.2 m for outlines and inner rooflines, respectively. Furthermore, the model surpassed the adapted FFL on PoLiS-thresholded F-score for outlines and inner rooflines, with 0.31 and 0.57, respectively. The Vectorized Roof Extractor produced adequate visual results, with straighter walls and fewer missed inner roofline detections. It can predict buildings with common walls thanks to skeleton graph computation. To summarize, the proposed method is suitable for urban applications and has the potential to be improved further.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201905.0342.v1
Subject: Environmental And Earth Sciences, Remote Sensing Keywords: cadastral boundaries; automation; feature extraction; object based image analysis
Online: 29 May 2019 (04:37:50 CEST)
The objective to fast-track the mapping and registration of large numbers of unrecorded land rights globally, leads to the experimental application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in the domain of land administration, and specifically the application of automated visual cognition techniques for cadastral mapping tasks. In this research, we applied and compared the ability of rule-based systems within Object Based Image Analysis (OBIA), as opposed to human analysis, to extract visible cadastral boundaries from Very high resolution (VHR) World View-2 image, in both rural and urban settings. From our experiments, machine-based techniques were able to automatically delineate a good proportion of rural parcels with explicit polygons where the correctness of the automatically extracted boundaries was 47.4% against 74.24% for humans and the completeness of 45% for machine, as against 70.4% for humans. On the contrary, in the urban area, automatic results were counterintuitive: even though urban plots and buildings are clearly marked with visible features such as fences, roads and tacitly perceptible to eyes, automation resulted in geometrically and topologically poorly structured data, that could neither be geometrically compared with human digitised, nor actual cadastral data from the field. These results provide an updated snapshot with regards to the performance of contemporary machine-drive feature extraction techniques compared to conventional manual digitising.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202306.2037.v1
Subject: Environmental And Earth Sciences, Remote Sensing Keywords: Automatic Feature Extraction; Cadastral mapping; Fit-for-purpose; Interactive delineation; Mean-shift segmentation; Random Forest classification; Land administration
Online: 29 June 2023 (03:03:19 CEST)
Fit-for-purpose land administration (FFPLA) seeks to simplify cadastral mapping via lowering the costs and time associated with conventional surveying methods. The approach can be applied to both initial establishment and on-going maintenance of system. In Ethiopia, cadastral maintenance remains an on-going challenge, especially in rapidly urbanizing peri-urban areas, where farmers' land rights and tenure security are often jeopardized. Automatic Feature Extraction (AFE) is an emerging FFPLA approach, proposed as an alternative for mapping and updating cadastral boundaries. This study explores the role of the AFE approach for updating cadastral boundaries in the vibrant peri-urban areas of Addis Ababa. Open-source software solutions are utilized to assess the (semi-) automatic extraction of cadastral boundaries from orthophotos (segmentation), designation of 'boundary' and 'non-boundary' outlines (classification), and delimitation of cadastral boundaries (interactive delineation). Both qualitative and quantitative assessments of the achieved results (validation) are undertaken. A high-resolution orthophoto of the study area and a reference cadastral boundary shape file are used, respectively, for extracting the parcel boundaries and validating the interactive delineation results. Qualitative (visual) assessment verified the completed extraction of newly constructed cadastral boundaries in the study area, although non-boundary outlines such as footpaths and artefacts are also retrieved. For the buffer overlay analysis, the interactively delineated boundary lines and the reference cadastre were buffered within the spatial accuracy limits for urban and rural cadasters. As a result, the quantitative assessment delivered 52% correctness and 32% completeness for a buffer width of 0.4m and 0.6m, respectively, for the interactively delineated and reference boundaries. The study further demonstrated the potentially significant role AFE could assist in delivering fast, affordable, and reliable cadastral mapping. Further investigation, based on user input and expertise evaluation, could help to improve the approach and apply it to a real-world setting.