ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202209.0333.v1
Subject: Life Sciences, Biotechnology Keywords: rosé wine; probiotic yeast; fermentation; distillation; viability
Online: 22 September 2022 (05:44:56 CEST)
This paper reports for the first time on the production of probiotic alcoholic and non-alcoholic rosé wines with enhanced health benefits made with Saccharomyces cerevisiae var. boulardii probiotic yeast. The alcohol, sugar, volatile acidity lactic and malic acid contents were assessed for S. cerevisiae var. boulardii before and after fermentation and distillation and compared with a conventional Saccharomyces cerevisiae (ex-bayanus) yeast. The free amino nitrogen and gluconic acid concentrations in the musts were determined. Yeast viability was evaluated after fermentation and distillation as a function of time (0, 15 days, 3 months and 6 months) both at room temperature (25±0.5ºC) and refrigerator temperature (4±0.5ºC). The results obtained showed that the probiotic rosé wine produced with S. cerevisiae var. boulardii possesses the typical values and sensory attributes of other commercial wines produced with S. cerevisiae (ex-bayanus). The probiotic S. cerevisiae var. boulardii yeast survives the high alcohol content produced during fermentation and vacuum distillation. The study also showed that this probiotic rosé wine stored either at room temperature or in a refrigerator keeps its probiotic viability for at least six months, which makes it a promising for large-scale production, in which long storage times are required by both producers and consumers.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202108.0329.v1
Subject: Materials Science, Surfaces, Coatings & Films Keywords: face shield; facial protective equipment; SARS-CoV-2; phi 6; MRSA; MRSE; polyethylene terephthalate; benzalkonium chloride; COVID-19; multidrug-resistant bacteria
Online: 16 August 2021 (11:38:49 CEST)
Transparent materials used for facial protection equipment provide protection against microbial infections caused by viruses and bacteria, including multidrug-resistant strains. However, transparent materials used for this type of application are made of materials that do not possess antimicrobial activity. They just avoid direct contact between the person and the biological agent. Therefore, healthy people can get infected through contact of the contaminated material surfaces and this equipment constitute an increasing source of infectious biological waste. Furthermore, infected people can transmit microbial infections easily because the protective equipment do not inactivate the microbial load generated while breathing, sneezing, or coughing. In this regard, the goal of this work consisted of fabricating a transparent face shield with intrinsic antimicrobial activity that could provide extra-protection against infectious agents and reduce the generation of infectious waste. Thus, a single-use transparent antimicrobial face shield composed of polyethylene terephthalate and an antimicrobial coating of benzalkonium chloride has been developed for the next generation of facial protective equipment. The antimicrobial coating was analyzed by atomic force microscopy and field emission scanning electron microscopy with elemental analysis. This is the first facial transparent protective material capable of inactivating enveloped viruses such as SARS-CoV-2 in less than one minute of contact, and the methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis. Bacterial infections contribute to severe pneumonia associated with the SARS-CoV-2 infection, and their resistance to antibiotics is increasing. Our extra protective broad-spectrum antimicrobial composite material could also be applied for the fabrication of other facial protective tools such as such as goggles, helmets, plastic masks and space separation screens used for counters or vehicles. This low-cost technology would be very useful to combat the current COVID-19 pandemic and protect health care workers from multidrug-resistant infections in developed and underdeveloped countries.