ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202105.0223.v1
Subject: Physical Sciences, Acoustics Keywords: Majorana fermions; Topological superconductors; Majorana polarization
Online: 11 May 2021 (08:58:32 CEST)
Majorana bound states in topological superconductors have attracted intense research activity in view of applications in topological quantum computation. However, they are not the only example of topological bound states that can occur in such systems. We here study a model in which both Majorana and Tamm bound states compete. We show both numerically and analytically that, surprisingly, the Tamm state remains partially localized even when the spectrum becomes gapless. Despite this fact, we demonstrate that the Majorana polarization shows a clear transition between the two regimes.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201812.0054.v3
Subject: Physical Sciences, Astronomy & Astrophysics Keywords: quantum gravity; vacuum polarization; gravitational dipole; Majorana particle
Online: 5 March 2019 (11:14:31 CET)
In this article various heuristic approaches are discussed to solve the dark matter phenomenon by the concept of vacuum polarization. They are compared with a more fundamental approach, based upon an entropy model of the visible universe. They all make use of some kind of gravitational dipole. These dipoles seem to violate Einstein’s equivalence principle between inertial mass and gravitational mass. It is shown how the paradox can be solved by a quantum mechanical principle.
Subject: Physical Sciences, Condensed Matter Physics Keywords: open topological systems; Kitaev chains and ladders; Majorana fermions
Online: 14 June 2019 (09:41:01 CEST)
In this work the general problem of the characterization of the topological phase of an open quantum system is addressed. In particular, we study the topological properties of Kitaev chains and ladders under the perturbing effect of a current flux injected into the system using an external normal lead and derived from it via a superconducting electrode. After discussing the topological phase diagram of the isolated systems, using a scattering technique within the Bogoliubov-de Gennes formulation, we analyze the differential conductance properties of these topological devices as a function of all relevant model parameters. The relevant problem of implementing local spectroscopic measurements to characterize topological systems is also addressed by studying the system electrical response as a function of the position and the distance of the normal electrode (tip). The results show how the signatures of topological order affect the electrical response of the analyzed systems, a subset of such signatures being robust also against the effects of a moderate amount of disorder. The analysis of the internal modes of the nanodevices demonstrates that topological protection can be lost when quantum states of an initially isolated topological system are hybridized with those of the external reservoirs. The conclusions of this work could be useful in understanding the topological phases of nanowire-based mesoscopic devices.
HYPOTHESIS | doi:10.20944/preprints202003.0459.v1
Subject: Life Sciences, Biophysics Keywords: topological quantum brain; quantum computing; Majorana Zero modes; qualia; consciousness
Online: 31 March 2020 (10:41:35 CEST)
Controversial hypotheses to explain consciousness exist in many fields of science, psychology and philosophy. Recent experimental findings in quantum cognition and magnetic resonance imaging have added new controversies to the field, suggesting that the mind may be based on quantum computing. Quantum computers process information in quantum bits (qubits) using quantum gates. At a first glance, it seems unrealistic or impossible that the brain can meet the challenges to provide either of these. Nevertheless, we show here why the brain has the incredible ability to perform quantum computing and how that may be realized.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202202.0292.v1
Subject: Physical Sciences, Condensed Matter Physics Keywords: quantum dots; magneto-photoluminescence; fractional quantum Hall effect; anyons; Majorana modes; topological quantum computing
Online: 23 February 2022 (12:12:12 CET)
In magneto-photoluminescence (magneto-PL) spectra of quasi-two dimensional islands (quantum dots) having seven electrons and Wigner-Seitz radius rs~1.5, we revealed a suppression of magnetic field (B) dispersion, paramagnetic shifts and jumps of the energy of the emission components for filling factors >1 (B<10 T). Additionally, we observed B-hysteresis of the jumps and a dependence of all these anomalous features on rs. Using a theoretical description of the magneto-PL spectra and an analysis of the electronic structure of these dots based on the single-particle Fock-Darwin spectrum and many-particle configuration-interaction calculations, we show that these observations can be described by the rs-dependent formation of the anyon (magneto-electron) composites (ACs) involving single-particle states having non-zero angular momentum and that the anyon states observed involve Majorana modes (MMs), including zero-B modes having equal number of vortexes and anti-vortexes, which can be considered as Majorana anyons. We show that the paramagnetic shift corresponds to a destruction of the equilibrium self-formed ~5/2 AC by the external magnetic field and that the jumps and their hysteresis can be described in terms of Majorana qubit states controlled by B and rs. Our results show a critical role of quantum confinement in the formation of magneto-electrons and implies the liquid-crystal nature of fractional quantum Hall effect states, Majorana anyon origin of the states having even , i.e., composite fermions, which provide new opportunities for topological quantum computing.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202109.0319.v2
Subject: Physical Sciences, General & Theoretical Physics Keywords: Modified Gravity; quantum mechanics; Galilei group; exchange forces; Bargmann Superselection rule; neutron-proton Majorana interaction; Dark Matter
Online: 29 September 2021 (16:11:32 CEST)
At present there is a renewed interest in theories of ”modified” gravity. Here, under a more drastic modification enforced by Galilei group, we obtain a completely new gravitational structure, and which exists in addition to the already available general relativity of today. Correlated with this, we show that in addition, there is a new ”modified” quantum mechanics, in as much as it exists as an independent and new ”pure” non-relativistic quantum me- chanics, and which has no relativistic counterpart. This is in addition to the present quantum mechanics, where the relativistic and non-relativistic structures are counterparts of each other. The above holds, firstly due to the correlation between Galilei group and quantum mechanics. These math- ematical conclusions are consolidated by the fact that there exists a physical Majorana interaction between each neutron- proton pairs in nuclei. Galilei invariance of Majorana exchange in Majorana interaction, shows that the mass here is of pure gravitational nature, and which is immune to the other three forces. This makes an amazing connection between the gravitational force and the quantum mechanics. This pure gravitational mass would man- ifest itself as dark matter of the universe. It is our new modified gravity that generates the dark matter.
HYPOTHESIS | doi:10.20944/preprints202105.0437.v1
Subject: Keywords: Binary digits, Mobius strips, Figure-8 Klein bottles, Dark matter, Dark energy, Topological insulators, Topological superconductors, Topological universe, Weyl fermion, Majorana fermion, Vector-tensor-scalar geometry, Higgs-like body/consciousness
Online: 19 May 2021 (08:23:47 CEST)
The part of this article dealing with topological insulators and topological superconductors was first written about two years ago - the ideas in the part about the topological universe originated six years ago or more. It’s rather strange that I never put the two parts together in writing before. My belief in unification is unshakeable - I’ve been convinced for years that the universe must be composed of topology. Since Earth is part of the cosmos, entanglement means it must have topological materials. The reverse is also true: topological materials on Earth are well known to science - so in a unification, space and time inevitably possess topological composition. Topological materials (topological insulators, topological superconductors) can be less mystifying if they’re related to the paradigm-shifting deterministic view of quantum mechanics which is described in the universal topology (the “rubber-sheet geometry” of the cosmos): see my previous submission “Hypothesis of Quantum Gravity - Resulting from a Static, Topological Universe Resulting from the Positives and Negatives of the Steady State and Big Bang Theories" at https://www.preprints.org/manuscript/202105.0239/v1 (the first section of this present article is a quick summary of the relevant parts).