ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201811.0247.v1
Subject: Biology And Life Sciences, Biochemistry And Molecular Biology Keywords: Inonotus Obliquus, Melanogenesis, B16F10, Tyrosinase, MITF
Online: 9 November 2018 (13:36:36 CET)
Melanogenesis is a biosynthetic pathway for producing of the pigment melanin in human skin. Tyrosinase, a key enzyme, catalyzing is the first step in melanogenesis and the downregulation of the tyrosinase enzyme activity is the most reported method for anti-melanogenesis. According to the hyperpigmentation as an important issue in cosmetic industry, there is a big demand for melanogenesis inhibitors. In the present study, we identified the anti-melanogenic effect of Inonotus Obliquus in α-MSH-induced B16F10 mouse melanoma cells as a new inhibitor. Comparing with control and Inonotus Obliquus extracts treated B16F10, we identified melanin contents, tyrosinase activity, tyrosinase mRNA and protein expression, MITF activity using a constructed plasmid. As shown in these results, we demonstrated that Inonotus Obliquus extracts down-regulated melanin synthesis using down-regulating activity and expression of tyrosinase which is key enzyme to produce melanin. In addition, we revealed expression of tyrosinase is regulated by MITF through repressing MITF transcriptional activity. Inonotus Obliquus extracts has potential to repress melanogenesis and decreased of hyperpigmentation and to use as cosmetic ingredient.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202010.0452.v1
Subject: Biology And Life Sciences, Biochemistry And Molecular Biology Keywords: RAD51; E-box; USF1; USF2; MITF; Cancer cell lines; Gene regulation
Online: 22 October 2020 (09:43:42 CEST)
RAD51 is a recombinase that plays a pivotal role in homologous recombination. Although the role of RAD51 in homologous recombination has been extensively studied, it is unclear whether RAD51 can be involved in gene regulation as a co-factor. In this study, we found in silico evidence that RAD51 may contribute to the regulation of genes involved in the autophagy pathway through interaction with E-box proteins such as USF1, USF2, and/or MITF in GM12878, HepG2, K562, and MCF-7 cell lines. The canonical USF binding motif (CACGTG) was significantly identified at RAD51 binding sites in all four cell lines. In addition, genome-wide USF1, USF2, and/or MITF-binding regions significantly coincided with the RAD51-binding sites in the same cell line. Interestingly, the promoters of genes associated with the autophagy pathway were significantly occupied by RAD51 in all four cell lines. Taken together, these results predicted a novel role of RAD51 that had not been addressed previously, and provided evidence that RAD51 could possibly be involved in regulating genes associated with the autophagy pathway, through interaction with E-box binding proteins.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202307.0403.v1
Subject: Biology And Life Sciences, Cell And Developmental Biology Keywords: Bulbar melanocytes; Hair Follicle (HF); Follicular-Melanin-Unit (FMU); Melanin; C-KIT; MITF; SOX10; Melan A
Online: 6 July 2023 (09:04:00 CEST)
The visual appearance of humans derives significantly from our skin and hair color. While melanin from epidermal melanocytes protects our skin from the damaging effects of ultraviolet radiation, the biological value of pigmentation in the hair follicle, particularly in the scalp, is less clear. In this study, we explore the heterogeneity of pigment cells in the human scalp anagen hair follicle bulb, a site conventionally viewed to be focused solely on pigment production for transfer to the hair shaft. Using c-KIT/CD117 microbeads, we isolated bulbar c-KIT-positive and c-KIT-negative melanocytes. While both subpopulations expressed MITF, only the c-KIT-positive fraction expressed SOX10. We further localized bulbar melanocyte subpopulations (expressing c-KIT, SOX10, MITF, and DCT) that exhibited distinct/variable expression of downstream differentiation-associated melanosome markers (e.g., gp100 and Melan-A). Localization of a second ‘immature’ SOX10 negative melanocyte population, which was c-KIT/MITF double positive, was identified outside of the melanogenic zone in the most peripheral/proximal matrix. These studies describe an approach to purifying human scalp anagen hair bulb melanocytes, allowing us to identify unexpected levels of melanocyte heterogeneity. The function of the more immature melanocytes in this part of the hair follicle remains to be elucidated. Could they be in-transit migratory cells destined to synthesize mela-nin ultimately or could they contribute to the hair follicle in non-melanogenic ways.