COMMUNICATION | doi:10.20944/preprints202307.0213.v1
Subject: Chemistry And Materials Science, Analytical Chemistry Keywords: Hydrogen Sulfide; Fluorescent Probe; H2S Selective Detection; H2S Quantification; Az-ide-Reduction
Online: 4 July 2023 (11:45:21 CEST)
Since Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) was recognized as a gas transmitter, its detection and quantifica-tion have become a hot research topic among chemists and biologists. In this area. fluorescent probes have shown great advantages: fast and strong responds, low detection limit and easy ma-nipulation. Here we developed a new fluorescent probe that detected H2S selectively among various bioactive and inorganic salts. This probe was based on the core structure of fluorescein and reacted with H2S through azide-reduction. Great linearity was achieved correlating fluores-cence intensity and H2S concentrations in solution. The detection of H2S in cancer cells was also achieved.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202204.0059.v1
Subject: Engineering, Electrical And Electronic Engineering Keywords: hybrid logic circuits; magnetic tunnel junction; differential sensing amplifier; sensing margin
Online: 7 April 2022 (11:31:05 CEST)
Recently, hybrid logic circuits based on magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs) have been widely investigated to realize zero standby power. However, such hybrid CMOS/MTJ logic circuits suffer from a severe sensing reliability due to the limited tunnel magnetoresistance ratio (TMR≤150%) of the MTJ and the large process variation in the deep sub-micrometer technology node. In this paper, a novel differential sensing amplifier (DSA) is proposed, in which two PMOS transistors are added to connect the discharging branches and evaluation branches. Owing to the positive feedback realized by these two added PMOS transistors, it can achieve a large sensing margin. By using an industrial CMOS 40 nm design kit and a physics-based MTJ compact model, hybrid CMOS/MTJ simulations have been performed to demonstrate its functionality and evaluate its performance. Simulation results show that it can achieve a smaller sensing error rate of 9% in comparison with the previously proposed DSAs with the TMR ratio of 100% and process variation of 10%, while maintaining almost the same sensing delay of 74.5 ps and sensing energy of 1.92 fJ/bit.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201912.0309.v1
Subject: Chemistry And Materials Science, Surfaces, Coatings And Films Keywords: quartz fiber; Al2O3 coating; plasma electrolysis spraying; tensile strength; thermal conductivity
Online: 23 December 2019 (13:10:46 CET)
The manuscript reported the synthesis of Al2O3 nano-coating onto quartz fiber by plasma electrolysis spray for enhanced thermal conductivity and stability. The nano- and micro-sized clusters were partially observed on the coating, while most coating was relatively smooth. It was suggested that the formation of a ceramic coating was followed as the nucleation-growth raw, that is, the formation of the coating clusters was dependent on the fast grow-up partially, implying the inhomogeneous energy distribution in the electrolysis plasma. The deposition of the Al2O3 coating increased the annealing tensile strength from 19.2 MPa to 58.1 MPa. The thermal conductivity of the coated quartz fiber was measured to be 1.17 W m-1 K-1, increased by ~45% compared to the bare fiber. The formation mechanism of the Al2O3 coating was preliminarily discussed. We believe that the thermally conductive quartz fiber with high thermal stability by plasma electrolysis spray will find a wide range of applications in industries.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202201.0432.v1
Subject: Chemistry And Materials Science, Materials Science And Technology Keywords: cathode luminescence; urania; thoria; interband transitions
Online: 28 January 2022 (11:11:42 CET)
The interband transitions of urania (UO2) are validated independently through cathode luminescence of UO2. A picture emerges consistent with density functional theory. While theory is generally consistent with experiment, it is evident that the choice of functional can significantly alter the band gap and some details of the band structure, in particular at the conduction band minimum. Strictly ab initio predictions of the optical properties of the actinide compounds, based on density functional theory alone continues to be somewhat elusive.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202105.0185.v1
Subject: Chemistry And Materials Science, Biomaterials Keywords: Bioresorbable implants; Magnesium alloy; PHB; Biocompatibility; Cytotoxicity; NO; temporary implants
Online: 10 May 2021 (12:35:07 CEST)
Magnesium and its alloys are not normally used as bio-resorbable temporary implants due to their high and uncontrolled degradation rate in physiological liquid environment. The improvement of corrosion resistance to simulated body fluids (SBF) of a Magnesium alloy (AZ31) coated with poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) was investigated. Scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectrometer, and contact angle measurements were used to characterize surface morphology, material composition and wettability, respectively. pH modification of the SBF corroding medium, mass of Mg2+ ions released, and weight loss of the samples exposed to the SBF solution, and electrochemical experiment were used to describe the corrosion process and its kinetics. Materials biocompatibility was described by evaluating the effect of corrosion by products collected in the SBF equilibrating solution on hemolysis ratio, cytotoxicity, Nitric Oxide (NO), and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC). The results showed that the PHB coating can diffusively control the degradation rate of Magnesium alloy improving its biocompatibility: hemolysis rate of materials was lower than 5%, while in vitro Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells（HUVECs) compatibility experiments showed that PHB coated Mg alloy promoted cell proliferation and had no effect on the NO content, the T-AOC was enhanced compared with the normal group and bare AZ31 alloy. PHB coated AZ31 Magnesium alloy extraction fluids have a less toxic behavior due to the lower concentration of corrosion by-products deriving from the diffusion control exerted by the PHB coating films both from metal surface to the solution and vice versa. These findings provide more reference value for the selection of such system as tunable bioresorbable prosthetic materials
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202309.0261.v1
Subject: Environmental And Earth Sciences, Environmental Science Keywords: coal mine water hazard; MODFLOW; non-structural mesh; mine hydrogeology
Online: 5 September 2023 (07:05:53 CEST)
With the gradual improvement of coal mining efficiency, the disturbance of groundwater system caused by the high-intensity mining mode also increases, which is a more severe challenge to the prevention of mine safety and the protection of water resources in mining areas. How to accurately describe the dynamic changes of the groundwater system under mining and quantitatively predict mine water inflow is a major problem in the current research. Based on the full analysis of the response characteristics of groundwater system to the extraction disturbance, this paper forms a kind of method to establish a mine hydrogeological conceptual model that can accurately represent the water inrush process, and uses the MODFLOW non-structural division grid to accurately characterize the formation structure, and finally make accurate water inflow prediction. Taking the Caojiatan Coal Mine in Shaanxi Province, China as an example, a numerical model of unstructured mine water inrush was established for the first time, and the changes of water inflow source and water inflow intensity were quantitatively evaluated. Compared with the traditional water inflow prediction method, it is found that the prediction accuracy is improved by 12%~17% by detailing the response characteristics of complex groundwater system under high-strength coal seam mining conditions. The method is of great significance and promotion value for the comprehensive understanding of the disturbance characteristics of human underground engineering activities, such as coal mining, on the groundwater system, and for accurately predicting water inflow.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201810.0133.v2
Subject: Biology And Life Sciences, Immunology And Microbiology Keywords: aging; angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors; nutrient metabolism; genetic background; nutritional stress
Online: 29 October 2018 (10:33:59 CET)
The angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is a peptidase that is involved in the synthesis of Angiotensin II, the bioactive component of the renin-angiotensin system. A growing body of literature argues for a beneficial impact of ACE inhibitors (ACEi) on age-associated metabolic disorders, mediated by cellular changes in reactive oxygen species (ROS) that improve mitochondrial function. Yet, our understanding of the relationship between ACEi therapy and metabolic parameters is limited. Here, we used three genetically diverse strains of Drosophila melanogaster to show that Lisinopril treatment reduces thoracic ROS levels and mitochondrial respiration in young flies, and increases mitochondrial content in middle-aged flies. Using untargeted metabolomics analysis, we also showed that Lisinopril perturbs the thoracic metabolic network structure by affecting metabolic pathways involved in glycogen degradation, glycolysis, and mevalonate metabolism. The Lisinopril-induced effects on mitochondrial and metabolic parameters, however, are genotype-specific and likely reflect the drug’s impact on nutrient-dependent fitness traits. Accordingly, we found that Lisinopril negatively affects survival under nutrient starvation, an effect that can be blunted by genotype and age in a manner that partially mirrors the drug-induced changes in mitochondrial respiration. In conclusion, our results provide novel and important insights into the role of ACEi in cellular metabolism.
REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints202311.1593.v1
Subject: Physical Sciences, Condensed Matter Physics Keywords: lithium tetraborate; neutron detectors; rare earth dopants; neutron scintillation detectors
Online: 24 November 2023 (09:52:56 CET)
This review explores the potential implementation of lithium tetraborate (Li2B4O7) as a scintillator medium for neutron detection applications. Several characteristics required for the neutron detection process suggest that Li2B4O7 could be a suitable material for scintillation-based neutron detection systems. The inherently large neutron capture cross-section due to 10B and 6Li isotopes, and the ease with which Li2B4O7 can be enriched with these isotopes, combined with the facile inclusion of rare-earth dopants are all expected to improve luminescent properties as well as neutron detection efficiency of Li2B4O7. The electronic structure of doped and undoped Li2B4O7 are explored using photoemission and inverse photoemission spectroscopies, optical measurements, and theoretical computational studies such as density functional theory. The scintillation properties are further enhanced because of the wide bandgap, and transparency towards the photons that are emitted following neutron capture.