ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201811.0250.v1
Subject: Physical Sciences, Mathematical Physics Keywords: High-Throughput Molecular Dynamics (HTMD) simulations; Nosé-Hoover Chain (NHC); Canonical ensemble; Graphics Processing Units (GPUs).
Online: 9 November 2018 (15:26:49 CET)
Molecular dynamics simulation is currently the theoretical technique eligible to simulate a wide range of systems from soft condensed matter to biological systems. However, of the excellent results that the technique has arrogated, this approach remains computationally expensive, but with the emergence of the new supercomputing technologies bases on graphics processing units graphical processing units-based systems GPUs, the perspective has changed. The GPUs allow performing large and complex simulations at a significantly reduced time. In this work, we present recent innovations in the acceleration of molecular dynamics in GPUs to simulate non-Hamiltonian systems. In particular, we show the performance of measure-preserving geometric integrator in the canonical ensemble, that is, at constant temperature. We provide a validation and performance evaluation of the code by calculating the thermodynamic properties of a Lennard-Jones fluid. Our results are in excellent agreement with reported data reported from literature, which were calculated with CPUs. The scope and limitations for performing simulations of high-throughput MD under rigorous statistical thermodynamics in the canonical ensemble are discussed and analyzed.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201805.0021.v1
Subject: Materials Science, Biomaterials Keywords: capsaicin; chitosan; lecithin; dissipative particle dynamics
Online: 2 May 2018 (11:07:01 CEST)
Transport of hydrophobic drugs in the human body exhibits complications due to the low solubility of these compounds. With the purpose of enhancing the bioavailability and biodistribution of such drugs, recent studies have reported the use of amphiphilic molecules, such as phospholipids, for synthesis of nanoparticles or nanocapsules. Given that phospholipids can self–assemble in liposomes or micellar structures, they are ideal candidates to function as vehicles of hydrophobic molecules. In this work, we report mesoscopic simulations of nanoliposomes, constituted by lecithin and coated with a shell of chitosan. The stability of such structure and the efficiency of encapsulation of capsaicin, as well as the internal and superficial distribution of capsaicin and chitosan inside the nanoliposome were analyzed. The characterization of the system was carried out through density maps and the potentials of mean force for the lecithin–capsaicin, lecithin–chitosan and capsaicin–chitosan interactions. The results of these simulations show that chitosan is deposited on the surface of the nanoliposome, as has been reported in some experimental works. It was also observed that a nanoliposome of approximately 18 nm in diameter is stable during the simulation. The deposition behavior was found to be influenced by pattern of N-acetylation of chitosan.