CASE REPORT | doi:10.20944/preprints202008.0640.v1
Subject: Medicine & Pharmacology, Other Keywords: VIP; COVID-19; respiratory failure; vasoactive intestinal peptide; aviptadil; ARDS
Online: 28 August 2020 (11:38:23 CEST)
Background: Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide (VIP) is known to bind to and protect the Alveolar Type II cell by blocking replication of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, upregulating surfactant production, blocking apoptosis, and blocking cytokine effects. RLF-100 (Aviptadil), a synthetic form of Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide (VIP) has been granted Fast Track Designation and is currently in phase 2/3 placebo-controlled trials. FDA has granted Emergency Use IND and Expanded Access Protocol approval for the use of RLF-100 in patients whose comorbidities render them ineligible for inclusion in the ongoing pivotal trial. Methods: This report describes the first 6 patients with Acute Respiratory Failure in Critical COVID-19, enrolled under Emergency Use IND were treated with three successive 12-hour infusions of intravenous Aviptadil at 50/100/150 pmol/kg/hr, while continuing to receive maximal ICU care. Results: Median patient follow-up time is 14 days. So far, all treated patients have survived. Improved radiographic appearance of typical “ground glass” COVID-19 features to varying degrees is seen in all patients within 72 hours. Improvement in blood oxygenation is seen in all patients, with complete remission from respiratory failure in 4 of 6 patients. An average 56% reduction in inflammatory markers was seen, together with a median 4 point reduction in the NIAID Ordinal Scale. 2/6 patients were discharged from the hospital and 1 patient was downgraded to the general medicine floor. Comment: The short term survival of 6/6 patients with respiratory failure in the setting of COVID-19 and major comorbidity is the most dramatic response ever seen with an antiviral agent. Improvement in radiographic appearance, oxygenation requirement, and inflammatory markers is consistent with in vitro evidence of direct anti-viral effect.