ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201805.0116.v1
Subject: Engineering, Electrical & Electronic Engineering Keywords: Target recognition, SAR, keypoint, local descriptor, sparse representation, feature quantization, classification
Online: 7 May 2018 (11:47:13 CEST)
This paper considers target characterization and recognition in radar images with keypoint-based local descriptor. Most of the preceding works rely on the global features or raw intensity values, and hence produce the limited recognition performance. Moreover, the global features are sensitive to the real-world sources of variability, such as aspect view, configu-ration, and incidence angle changes, clutter, articulation, and occlusion. Keypoint-based local descriptor was developed as a powerful strategy to address invariance to contrast change and geometric distortion. This property inspires us to investigate whether the family of local features are relevant for radar target recognition. Most of the preceding works typically devote to finding the correspondences between a collected image and a reference one. The representative applications include image register and change detection. Little work was pursued to target recognition in SAR images. This is because the huge number of local descriptors resulting from radar images make the computational cost and memory consumption unacceptable. To handle the problems, this paper develops two families of methods. The proposed methods are used to achieve target recognition by means of local descriptors. Our first solver refers to building multiple linear regression models, and addresses the problem by the theory of sparse representation. The second scheme rebuilds a new feature by the feature quantization skill, from which the inference can be drawn. Multiple comparative studies are pursued to verify the performance of detectors and descriptors popularly used. The source code was publicly released on https://ganggangdong.github.io/homepage/.