Subject: Medicine & Pharmacology, Allergology Keywords: Coronavirus; SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; Thalidomide; pneumonia
Online: 26 February 2020 (12:31:47 CET)
A novel coronavirus strain (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) first appeared in December 2019 and can cause acute respiratory distress syndrome and death. However, there are only limited therapy choices and no vaccine for SARS-CoV-2 is currently available. Here we report about a case of a SARS-CoV-2 caused pneumonia successfully treated with thalidomide. Thalidomide is an immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory agent and was combined with a low-dose glucocorticoid. We suggest, that the effects of thalidomide might be related to regulating immunity, inhibiting the inflammatory cytokine surge, alleviating anxiety to reduce oxygen consumption, relieving vomit and lung exudation.