ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201807.0508.v1
Subject: Engineering, Mechanical Engineering Keywords: SMAs; Super-elasticity; FE implementation; Phase transformation ratcheting; Preload process analysis of bolt
Online: 26 July 2018 (09:45:46 CEST)
A phenomenological constitutive model is developed to describe the uniaxial transformation ratcheting behaviors of super–elastic shape memory alloy (SMA) by employing a cosine–type phase transformation equation with the initial martensite evolution coefficient that can capture the feature of the predictive residual martensite accumulation evolution and the nonlinear hysteresis loop on a finite element (FE) analysis framework. The effect of the applied loading level on transformation ratcheting are considered in the proposed model. The evolutions of transformation ratcheting and transformation stresses are constructed as the function of the accumulated residual martensite volume fraction. The FE implementation of the proposed model is carried out for the numerical analysis of transformation ratcheting of the SMA bar element. The integration algorithm and the expression of consistent tangent modulus are deduced in a new form for the forward and reverse transformation. The numerical results are compared with those of existing model and the experimental results to show the validity of the proposed model and its FE implementation in transformation ratcheting. Finally, a FE modeling is established for a repeated preload analysis of SMA bolted joint
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202308.1393.v1
Subject: Chemistry And Materials Science, Materials Science And Technology Keywords: epoxy resin; carboxy-terminated liquid nitrile butadiene rubber; nano-SiO2; toughening; GF/EP laminate composites; interlaminar properties
Online: 22 August 2023 (07:33:31 CEST)
Poor interlaminar fracture toughness has been a major issue in glass fiber-reinforced epoxy resin (GF/EP) laminate composites. In this paper, soft carboxy-terminated liquid nitrile (CTBN) rubber particles and rigid nano-SiO2 are used to toughen the epoxy resin (EP) matrix to improve the interlayer properties of GF/EP laminate composites. The effects of adding two toughening agents on the mechanical and interlayer properties of GF/EP laminates were studied. The results showed that adding the two kinds of particles improved the mechanical properties of the epoxy matrix. When the additional amount of flexible CTBN rubber particles was 8wt%, and the rigid nano SiO2 was 0.5wt%, the fracture toughness of the matrix resin was increased by 215.8%, and the tensile strength was only decreased by 2.3% compared with the pure epoxy resin. On this basis, the effects of two kinds of particles on the interlayer properties of GF/EP composites were studied. Compared with the unmodified GF/EP laminates, the interlayer shear strength and mode Ⅰ interlayer fracture toughness is significantly improved by toughening agent, and the energy release rate GIC of interlayer shear strength and interlayer fracture toughness is increased by 109.2%, and 86.8%, respectively.
REVIEW | doi:10.20944/preprints202306.2208.v1
Subject: Chemistry And Materials Science, Nanotechnology Keywords: APE1; DNA nanotechnology; fluorescence imaging
Online: 30 June 2023 (10:09:07 CEST)
Apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1 (APE1), also known as redox factor-1 (Ref-1), is a multifunctional protein which is widely existing in living organisms. It can specifically recognize and cleave the DNA in apurinic/apyrimidinic (AP) site in the base excision repair (BER) pathway, as well as regulate the expression of genes to activate some transcription factors. The abnormal ex-pression and disruptions in the biological functions of APE1 are linked to a number of diseases, including inflammation, immunodeficiency, and cancer. Hence, it is extremely desired to monitor the activity of APE1, acquiring a thorough understanding of the healing process of damaged DNA and making clinical diagnoses. Thanks to the advent of DNA nanotechnology, some nanodevices are used to image the activity of APE1 with great sensitivity and simplicity. In this review, we will summarize DNA nanotechnology-empowered fluorescence imaging in the past years for APE1 activity according to the types of DNA probe, which are classified into linear DNA probes, composite DNA nanomaterials and three-dimensional (3D) DNA nanostructures. We also highlight the future research directions in the field of APE1 activity imaging.