Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Computer Science Keywords: GNSS; reflectometry; SNR; atmospheric refraction
Online: 16 June 2021 (08:50:03 CEST)
The application of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) observations from ground-based GNSS Reflectometry is becoming an operational tool for coastal sea-level altimetry. As in all data analyses, systematic influences must be reduced here too, to achieve reliable results. A prominent influence results from atmospheric refraction. Different approaches exist to describe or to correct for this influence. In our contribution we will revise the latest developments and suggest a simple atmospheric interferometric delay model that takes into account ray bending as well as along-path propagation delay. The model takes into account a spherical reflector and can therefore be applied for data from very low elevation angles, too. The findings are double-checked by numerical experiments based on a step-by-step raytracing procedure.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201904.0081.v1
Subject: Environmental And Earth Sciences, Geophysics And Geology Keywords: GNSS; reflectometry; SNR; wave direction
Online: 8 April 2019 (10:41:17 CEST)
The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) data is part of the global navigation satellite systems (GNSS) observables. In a marine environment, the oscillation of the SNR data can be used to derive reflector heights. Since the attenuation of the SNR oscillation is related to the roughness of the sea surface, the significant wave height (SWH) of the water surface can be calculated from the analysis of the attenuation. The attenuation depends additionally on the relation between the coherent and the incoherent part of the scattered power. The latter is a function of the correlation length of the surface waves. Because the correlation length changes with respect to the direction of the line of sight relative to the wave direction, the attenuation must show an anisotropic characteristic. In this work, we present a method to derive the wave direction from the anisotropy of the attenuation of the SNR data. The method is investigated based on simulated data as well by the analysis of experimental data from a GNSS station in the North Sea.