CASE REPORT | doi:10.20944/preprints202309.1362.v1
Subject: Medicine And Pharmacology, Urology And Nephrology Keywords: Wilms Tumor; nephron‐sparing surgery; robotic surgery; partial nephrectomy; 3D reconstruction; DaVinci; metaverse; 3D virtual models
Online: 20 September 2023 (05:02:48 CEST)
Background: Wilms tumor (WT) is the main renal tumor in children. SIOP-UMBRELLA Guidelines admit Nephron sparing surgery (NSS) in syndromic patients, and in small (<300 ml) nonsyndromic unilateral WTs, without lymph node involvement, and with a substantial expected remnant renal function, after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. We report our prechemotherapy transperitoneal robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) in a unilateral non-syndromic Wilms tumor. Methods: A 6-year-old-child showed an exophytic 3.6 cm diameter solid rounding mass involving the upper right renal pole at an incidental abdominal echotomography. CT-scan and abdominal MRI proved no local infiltration neither lymph node involvement was appreciated, suggesting an exophytic mass easily resectable through a NSS robotic approach, with a low risk of rupture and no subverted renal anatomy. The preoperative imaging was not suggestive for WT. A virtual 3D reconstruction of the tumor was performed. Results: the oncologic board approved a robot-assisted partial nephrectomy with the intraperitoneal approach. The histopathologic analysis displayed a WT. The patient underwent 10 vincristine-doses adjuvant chemotherapy. 28-months follow-up showed no tumor recurrence. Conclusions: Intraperitoneal RAPN can represent an opportunity for WT and needs to be assessed as a challenging possibility. This case suggests a potential role of prechemotherapy RAPN in the near future for highly selected patients.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202005.0443.v1
Subject: Biology And Life Sciences, Immunology And Microbiology Keywords: Mesenchymal Stromal Cells; Good Manufacturing Practice; Inactivated Platelet Lysate
Online: 27 May 2020 (08:15:13 CEST)
For their clinical use Mesenchymal Stromal Cells (MSCs), isolated from bone marrow (BM-MSCs) are considered Advanced Therapy Medicinal Products (ATMP) and need to be produced according to Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP). Human platelet lysate (HPL) represents a good GMP-compliant alternative to animal serum and after pathogen inactivation with Psoralen was more efficient and safer to produce MSCs in GMP. In this study MSCs cultivated in FBS (FBS-MSC) or inactivated HPL (iHPL-MSC), were compared for their immunomodulant properties. In particular, the effects of MSCs on: 1)proliferation of total Lymphocytes (Ly) and on naïve T Ly subsets induced to differentiate versus Th1 and Th2 Ly; 2) the immunophenotype of different T cell subsets; 3)the cytokine release to verify Th1, Th2 and Th17 polarization were analyzed by using in vitro co-culture system. We observed that iHPL-MSCs showed the same immunomodulant properties observed in the FBS-MSCs co-cultures. Although, a more efficient effect on the increase of naïve T cells and, in the Th1 cytokine release related to iHPL was observed. This study confirms that iHPL, used as medium supplement, may be considered a good alternative to FBS for a GMP-compliant MSC expansion to preserve their immunomodulant proprieties.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202103.0354.v1
Subject: Biology And Life Sciences, Anatomy And Physiology Keywords: Endometrial Mesenchymal Stromal Cells; Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP); infertility; Asherman’s syndrome, endometrial thickness; Human platelet lysate (HPL); endometrial sampling
Online: 12 March 2021 (20:51:55 CET)
The cyclic regeneration of human endometrium is guaranteed by the proliferative capacity of Endometrial Mesenchymal Stromal Cells (E-MSCs). Due to this, the autologous infusion of E-MSCs has been proposed to support endometrial growth in a wide range of gynecological diseases. We aimed to compare two different endometrial sampling methods, the surgical curettage and the Vacuum Aspiration Biopsy Random Assay, and to validate a novel xeno-free method to culture human E-MSCs. Six E-MSCs cell lines were isolated after a mechanical tissue homogenization and cultured using human platelet lysate. E-MSCs were characterized for the colony formation capacity, proliferative potential and multilineage differentiation. The expression of mesenchymal and stemness markers was tested by FACS analysis and Real-Time PCR, respectively. Chromosomal alterations were evaluated by karyotype analysis, whereas tumorigenic capacity and invasiveness were tested by soft agar assay. Both endometrial sampling techniques allowed to efficiently isolate and expand E-MSCs using a xeno-free method preserving their mesenchymal and stemness phenotype, proliferative potential and multi-lineage differentiation ability during the culture. No chromosomal alterations and invasive/tumorigenic capacity were observed. Herein we report the first evidence of efficient E-MSCs isolation and culture in Good Manufacturing Practice compliance conditions, suggesting Vabra endometrial sampling as alternative to surgical curettage.