ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202107.0653.v1
Subject: Engineering, Automotive Engineering Keywords: Fluidization; Radioactive Particle Tracking; Information Geometry; Stability Criteria
Online: 29 July 2021 (12:20:07 CEST)
Currently, various industrial processes are carried out in fluidized bed reactors, such as fermentation, water treatment, and algae growth. Knowing its internal dynamics is fundamental for the intensification of these processes. This work assesses the motion of fluidized calcium alginate spheres under the influence of an upward fluid flow within a 1.2 m high and 0.1 m inner diameter acrylic column. The Radioactive Particle Tracking technique is a proper methodology to study the internal dynamics of these kinds of equipment. Liquid-Solid Fluidized Bed is compared with the Gas-Liquid-Solid Fluidized Bed operation mode in terms of mixing behavior. Data gathered is analyzed in view of Shannon entropy as a dynamic mixing measure. Mixing times are found to be of the same order of magnitude. However, the Liquid-Solid Fluidized Bed achieves a lower homogenization degree. Also, we found good agreement between two criteria for assessing stability for the mixed state: the Shannon Entropy time-series plateau and the Glansdorff-Prigogine criterion based on Fisher information.