ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202311.1801.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Artificial Intelligence And Machine Learning Keywords: aspect-level sentiment analysis; sentiment interplay; graph-based neural networks; bidirectional attention
Online: 28 November 2023 (10:01:37 CET)
In this paper, we present a groundbreaking methodology in the realm of aspect-level sentiment analysis, which capitalizes on the advanced capabilities of graph-based neural networks. Our approach, distinguished as the Aspect Correlation Graph Network (ACGN), represents a significant departure from conventional models. These traditional models often analyze aspects in isolation, failing to capture the intricate web of sentiment relationships that may exist within a single sentence. ACGN, however, is designed to address this gap by employing a sophisticated bidirectional attention mechanism, integrated with positional encoding. This unique combination not only enhances the model's ability to focus on relevant parts of the sentence but also aids in constructing detailed, aspect-focused representations. These representations are particularly crucial for understanding the nuanced interplay of sentiments associated with different aspects. Central to our model's architecture is the incorporation of a graph convolutional network. This network serves as a pivotal component in mapping and analyzing the complex network of sentiment correlations that can exist among various aspects within sentences. Through this integration, ACGN is able to unearth and interpret the subtle and often overlooked sentiment dynamics that traditional models might miss. Our comprehensive evaluations of the Aspect Correlation Graph Network, conducted using the SemEval 2014 datasets, have yielded promising results. These findings demonstrate a clear and significant advancement over the capabilities of existing models. Particularly, the results underscore the critical importance and utility of recognizing and understanding the connections between sentiments of different aspects in text analysis. This insight opens new avenues in the field of sentiment analysis, suggesting a broader application potential of ACGN in various contexts where understanding nuanced sentiment relationships is key. Overall, our study not only introduces a novel approach in aspect-level sentiment analysis but also sets a new standard for future research in this area. By highlighting the integral role of inter-aspect sentiment connections, ACGN paves the way for more sophisticated and accurate sentiment analysis tools, capable of handling the complexities of natural language with greater finesse and precision.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202209.0274.v2
Subject: Engineering, Civil Engineering Keywords: rockfall impact; impact resistance; hollow thin-walled bridge pier; response surface model; dura-bility assessment
Online: 20 September 2022 (04:04:48 CEST)
Continuous rigid frame bridges across valleys are often at the risk of rockfalls caused by heavy rainfalls, earthquakes and debris flows in a mountainous country. Hollow thin-walled bridge piers (HTWBP) in valleys are exposed to the threat of the impact of accidental rockfalls. In the current research, ANSYS/LS-DYNA is used to establish a high-precision rockfall-HTWBP model. The rockfall-HTWBP model is verified against a scaled impact test of a previous research. A mesh independence test is also performed to obtained an appropriate mesh size. Based on the rockfall-HTWBP model, the impact force, damage and dynamic response characteristics of HTWBP under the rockfall impact are studied. In addition, a damage assessment criteria is proposed based on the response surface model combined with Central Composite Design method and Box-Behnken Design method. The main conclusions are as follows: 1）The impact force of rockfall has a substantial impulse characteristic, and the duration of the impulse load is approximately 0.01s. 2）The impacted surface of the pier is dominated by the final elliptic damage with the conical and strip damage areas as the symmetry axis. The cross-sectional damage mode is compression failure in the impact area and shear failure at the corner. 3）The maximum displacement occurs in the middle height of the pier. The maximum displacement increases with impact height, impact velocity and rockfall diameter and decreases with the uniaxial compressive strength of the concrete. 4) The initial impact velocity and diameter of the rockfall are the most significant parameters affecting the damage indices. In addition, a damage assessment method with a damage zoning diagram based on the response surface method is established for the fast assessment of the damage level of impacted HTWBP.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202311.1653.v1
Subject: Computer Science And Mathematics, Artificial Intelligence And Machine Learning Keywords: aspect-level sentiment analysis; syntax-enhanced graph networks; dependency-based sentiment modeling
Online: 27 November 2023 (06:31:39 CET)
In this paper, we delve into the realm of aspect-level sentiment analysis, a sophisticated analytical task focused on pinpointing and interpreting the sentiment directed towards specific elements within a sentence. Traditional methods in this domain, primarily based on neural networks, have often overlooked the critical role of syntactic structures in sentences. To bridge this gap, we have developed the Syntax-Enhanced Sentiment Graph Network (SentiSyn). This pioneering model represents a significant step forward in aspect-level sentiment analysis, bringing to the forefront the utilization of word dependency relationships to enrich sentiment analysis. SentiSyn stands out by its innovative use of a dependency graph, a tool that meticulously maps out the intricate web of syntactic relationships surrounding a target aspect in a sentence. This approach allows SentiSyn to effectively capture and channel sentiment-related characteristics that are deeply rooted in the syntactic context of the aspect target. By doing so, SentiSyn unlocks a deeper understanding of sentiment dynamics in textual content, enabling a more nuanced and accurate sentiment analysis. Our comprehensive experimental evaluation of SentiSyn showcases its remarkable capabilities. When combined with advanced embedding techniques like GloVe and BERT, SentiSyn demonstrates a superior performance edge over several existing sentiment analysis methods. This performance leap is not just incremental; it represents a significant enhancement in the field of sentiment analysis, underscoring the importance of syntactic context in understanding sentiments. Furthermore, our analysis delves into how SentiSyn effectively leverages these embeddings to gain a more profound and contextually rich insight into sentiment dynamics. The results from our tests indicate that SentiSyn, with its unique approach to integrating syntactic structures and advanced embeddings, sets a new benchmark in aspect-level sentiment analysis, offering both enhanced accuracy and deeper sentiment understanding.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202203.0266.v1
Subject: Chemistry And Materials Science, Polymers And Plastics Keywords: Special-shaped spinneret holes; Spinning; Spinnerets; Fluid simulation
Online: 18 March 2022 (09:19:13 CET)
In this paper, a method of direct spinning is proposed for direct spinning of heterogeneous spun wire-blown holes standard parts and the motherboard mounted on the spin board assemblies. The standardization of the spinneret hole was conducive to improving the machining accuracy and efficiency of the pores, and the spinneret holes could be replaced in time when a hole in the spinneret fails. Moreover; on the other hand, according to the needs of the process of spinning, the spinnerets with various cross-sections were combined and installed on the same motherboard for spinning, and the spinning obtained different bionic new functional products. Based on the results, a finite element model of the standard part of the spinneret hole was developed, and the spinnability of the combinable spinnable spinneret board was verified by simulating the melt flow in the spinneret channel through POLYFLOW software. Further, by the processing of the spinneret, the motherboard was installed into a combined spinneret, and the spinneret assembly was installed on the spinning machine for the experiments. Furthermore, the tow section was observed using a microscope, and the results showed the feasibility of the proposed method.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201711.0132.v1
Subject: Engineering, Electrical And Electronic Engineering Keywords: Sensors; Dynamic measurement errors; Prediction; Improved PSO; Support Vector Machine
Online: 20 November 2017 (16:56:20 CET)
Dynamic measurement error correction is an effective method to improve the sensor precision. Dynamic measurement error prediction is an important part of error correction, support vector machine (SVM) is often used to predicting the dynamic measurement error of sensors. Traditionally, the parameters of SVM were always set by manual, which can not ensure the model’s performance. In this paper, a method of SVM based on an improved particle swarm optimization (NAPSO) is proposed to predict the dynamic measurement error of sensors. Natural selection and Simulated annealing are added in PSO to raise the ability to avoid local optimum. To verify the performance of NAPSO-SVM, three types of algorithms are selected to optimize the SVM’s parameters, they are the particle swarm optimization algorithm (PSO), the improved PSO optimization algorithm (NAPSO), and the glowworm swarm optimization (GSO). The dynamic measurement error data of two sensors are applied as the test data. The root mean squared error and mean absoluter percentage error are employed to evaluate the prediction models’ performances. The experiment results show that the NAPSO-SVM has a better prediction precision and a less prediction errors among the three algorithms, and it is an effective method in predicting dynamic measurement errors of sensors.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201806.0200.v1
Subject: Social Sciences, Geography, Planning And Development Keywords: farmland change; soybean; production potential; GAEZ; Western Jilin
Online: 12 June 2018 (16:01:54 CEST)
In recent 40 years, the quantity and spatial patterns of farmland in Western Jilin have changed dramatically, which had great impact on soybean production potential. This study used one of the most advanced crop production potential models, the Global Agro-cological Zones model, to calculate the soybean production potential in Western Jilin based on meteorological, terrain, soil and land use data, and analyzed impact of farmland change on soybean production potential during 1975-2013. The main conclusions were the following. First, the total soybean production potential in Western Jilin in 2013 was 89.22 thousand tons. The production potential of eastern area was higher than the other areas of Western Jilin. Second, farmland change led to a growth of 33.03 thousand tons in soybean production potential between 1975 and 2000, and a decrease of 10.30 thousand tons between 2000 and 2013. Third, taking account of two situations of farmland change, the conversion between dryland and other categories, and the change of irrigation percentage led to the total soybean production potential in Western Jilin increased by 23.13 and only 2.87 thousand tons respectively between 1975 and 2000, and increased by 1.13 and 2.81 thousand tons respectively between 2000 and 2013. In general, the increase of soybean potential production was mainly due to grassland and woodland reclamation. The results of this study would be a good reference for protecting safe baseline of farmland, managing land resources, and ensuring continuity and stability of soybean supply and food security.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201704.0071.v1
Subject: Engineering, Mechanical Engineering Keywords: gas turbine fuel system; anomaly detection; symbolic dynamic analysis; time series
Online: 13 April 2017 (05:36:51 CEST)
Anomaly detection plays a significant role in helping gas turbines run reliably and economically. Considering collective anomalous data and both sensitivity and robustness of the anomaly detection model, a sequential symbolic anomaly detection method is proposed and applied to the gas turbine fuel system. A structural Finite State Machine is to evaluate posterior probabilities of observing symbolic sequences and most probable state sequences they may locate. Hence an estimating based model and a decoding based model are used to identify anomalies in two different ways. Experimental results indicates that these two models have both ideal performance overall, and estimating based model has a strong ability in robustness, while decoding based model has a strong ability in accuracy, particularly in a certain range of length of sequence. Therefore, the proposed method can well facilitate existing symbolic dynamic analysis based anomaly detection methods especially in gas turbine domain.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202303.0293.v1
Subject: Chemistry And Materials Science, Polymers And Plastics Keywords: UHMWPE; blends; silicon carbide (SiC); composites; mechanical property; friction resistance
Online: 16 March 2023 (01:50:03 CET)
conclusions. The blends of ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene/polypropylene (UHMWPE/PP) possess excellent processability, but limited by its reduced mechnical properties. Herein, the high mechanical properties and wear—resistance UHMWPE/PP composites were fabricated by the addition of silicon carbide (SiC) nanoparticles under a consecutive elongational flow without any other additives or solvents. The morphology and thermal properties, mechanical properties, wear resistance as well as scratch resistance of UHMWPE/PP/SiC composites were investigated . The mechanical properties and friction resistance of composites increase initially then decrease with the increase content of SiC. The optimum mechanical properties of UHMWPE/PP/SiC composites are achieved when the content of SiC is 3 phr. In addition, both the hardness and scratch resistance of composites improved upon increasing the content of SiC. These improved mechanical properties and wear resistance originate from the well disperison of SiC nanoparticles along with favourable interfacial adhesive under a consecutive elongational flow.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201710.0088.v1
Subject: Chemistry And Materials Science, Medicinal Chemistry Keywords: Caesalpinia sappan; cassane diterpenes; N bridge; antimalarial activity
Online: 13 October 2017 (06:30:04 CEST)
One new cassane diterpene possessing an unusual N bridge between C-19 and C-20 named caesalsappanin R (1), as well as another new diterpene caesalsappanin S (2), were isolated from the seeds of Caesalpinia sappan with methanol extract. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic analysis and examined alongside existing data from prior studies. Their biological activities were profiled by their antiplasmodial activity.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints201609.0024.v1
Subject: Medicine And Pharmacology, Neuroscience And Neurology Keywords: neurofibromatosis type 1; congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia; whole-exome sequencing; targeted sequencing; BCOR
Online: 7 September 2016 (11:19:00 CEST)
Neurofibromatosis type1 (NF1) is an autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in the NF1gene. Although congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia (CPT) has frequently been associated with NF1, the underlying molecular mechanism of CPT in these NF1 patients is yet ill-understood. The aim of the present study was to detect NF1 mutations from genomic DNA and to harbor variants associated with CPT in NF1 patients. Whole-exome sequencing was first carried out with samples from two patients with CPT in one NF1 family, and a novel mutation c.2324A>G (p.E775G) in NF1 gene was identified. Additionally, a missense variant c.455C>T (p.P152L) in BCOR gene completely co-segregated with the CPT phenotype within this family. Subsequently, NF1 and NF2 genes in four other unrelated patients with both NF1 and CPT were screened using targeted sequencing. Four mutations in NF1 gene, including two known mutations (c.2288T>C/p.L763P, c.574 C>T/p.R192*) and two novel mutations (c.768delT/p.F256Lfs*25, c.2229_2230delTG/ p.V744Qfs*23) were detected. Further study confirmed that CPT was present in NF1 families, and NF1 mutations were closely associated with these complex phenotypes. Moreover, the data from the current study indicated that male gender might be a susceptibility factor for CPT in NF1. Therefore, we speculated that BCOR variants might be related to CPT phenotype among male NF1 patients.