ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202001.0377.v1
Subject: Earth Sciences, Geophysics Keywords: ERT method; regression model; tailings pond; heavy metal; reclamation
Online: 31 January 2020 (05:04:37 CET)
Legacy mining industry has left a large number of tailings ponds exposed to water and wind erosion that causes serious environmental and health problems. Prior to rehabilitation actions a deep sampling of the materials infilling the pond used to be necessary. Thus, the primary objective of this study is to demonstrate the usefulness of the Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) method as a non-invasive tool to determine the physicochemical composition of mine tailings ponds, enabling more efficient and low-cost surveys. To achieve this objective, three ERT profiles and three boreholes in each profile were carried out, from each borehole three waste samples from differents depths were collected and a geochemical characterization of the samples was carried. In order to estimate the composition of the infilling wastes in tailing ponds from electrical resistivity measures, several regression models were calculated for different physicochemical properties and metal concentrations. As a result, a high resistivity area was depicted in profiles G2 and G3 while a non-resistive area (profile G1) was also found. Relationships among low resistivity values and high salinity, clay content and high metal concentrations and mobility were established. Specifically, calibrated models were obtained for electrical conductivity, particles sizes of 0.02-50 µm and 50-2000 µm, total Zn and Cd concentration, and bioavailable Ni, Cd and Fe. Therefore, the ERT technique could be considered as a useful tool for mine tailings ponds characterization, and it can be used to estmate some physicochemical properties and metal concentrations of this mine waste.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202112.0452.v1
Subject: Mathematics & Computer Science, Other Keywords: Electrical Resistance Tomography (ERT); Raw Data Processing; Inline Swirl Separator; Geometrical Parameter Extraction
Online: 28 December 2021 (14:42:44 CET)
Electrical Resistance Tomography (ERT) has been used in the literature to monitor the gas-liquid separation. However, the image reconstruction algorithms used in the studies take a considerable amount of time to generate the tomograms, which is far above the time scales of the flow inside the inline separator and, as a consequence, the technique is not fast enough to capture all the rele-vant dynamics of the process, vital for control applications. This article proposes a new strategy based on the physics behind the measurement and simple logics to monitor the separation with a high temporal resolution by minimizing both the amount of data and the calculations required to reconstruct one frame of the flow. To demonstrate its potential, the electronics of an ERT system are used together with a high-speed camera to measure the flow inside an inline swirl separator. For the 16-electrode system used in this study, only 12 measurements are required to reconstruct the whole flow distribution with the proposed algorithm, 10x less than the minimum number of measurements of ERT (120). In terms of computational effort, the technique was shown to be 1000x faster than solving the inverse problem non-iteratively via the Gauss-Newton approach, one of the computationally cheapest techniques available. Therefore, this novel algorithm has the potential to achieve measurement speeds in the order of 104 times the ERT speed in the context of inline swirl separation, pointing to flow measurements at around 10kHz while keeping the aver-age estimation error below 6 mm in the worst case scenario.
ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202011.0258.v1
Subject: Chemistry, Analytical Chemistry Keywords: air-acetic acid system; gas holdup; differential pressure transmitter; ERT; optical fiber probe
Online: 8 November 2020 (14:50:39 CET)
The hydrodynamic behavior of the air-acetic acid system in a bubble column is studied using a differential pressure transmitter, double probe optical fiber probe, and the electrical resistance tomography (ERT) technique. The superficial gas velocity ranges from 0.016 to 0.094 m/s under ambient temperature and pressure. The influences of viscosity and surface tension on gas holdup, bubble rising velocity, and bubble chord distribution in the column are discussed with different mass fractions of an acetic acid solution. The results show that as the mass fraction of acetic acid increases, the surface tension of the liquid phase decreases, and the viscosity first increases and then decreases. This causes the gas holdup in the column to first increase and then decrease, and reaches the maximum value at an acetic acid mass fraction of 55% to 60%. The rising velocity of the bubbles in the column is high in the central region and has a low-value distribution near the wall. The bubble chord length distribution is concentrated, and the distribution of the bubble chord length in the column becomes narrow with any decrease in surface tension. Studying the hydrodynamic behavior of a bubble column with the air-acid system is of great significance considering the absence of data on air-organic acid systems.
COMMUNICATION | doi:10.20944/preprints202008.0011.v1
Subject: Earth Sciences, Geophysics Keywords: electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) method; polymer; carbomer; ground-electrode electrical contact enhancement; archaeology
Online: 2 August 2020 (10:58:15 CEST)
This communication reports an improvement of the quality of the electrical data obtained from the application of electrical resistivity tomography method on archaeological studies. The electrical contact between ground and electrode enhances significantly by using carbomer-based gel during the electrical resistivity tomography measurements. Not only does the gel promote the conservation of the building surface under investigation, but it also virtually eliminates the necessity of conventional spike electrodes, which in many archaeological studies are inadequate or not permitted. Results evidenced an enhancement in the quality of the electrical data obtained in the order of thousands of units compared with those without using the carbomer-based gel. The potential and capabilities of this affordable gel make it appropriate to be applied to other geoelectrical studies beyond archaeological investigations. Moreover, it might solve corrosion issues on conventional spike electrodes, and electrical multicore cables usually provoked for added saltwater attempting to improve the electrical contact.