ARTICLE | doi:10.20944/preprints202206.0199.v1
Subject: Life Sciences, Biophysics Keywords: KCNQ1; Kv7.1; IKs; patch-clamp; inherited channelopathy; LQTS
Online: 14 June 2022 (08:42:22 CEST)
We identified a single nucleotide variation (SNV) (c.1264A>G) in the KCNQ1 gene in a 5-year-old boy who presented with a prolonged QT interval. His elder brother and mother, but not sister and father, also had this mutation. This missense mutation leads to a p.Lys422Glu (K422E) substitution in the Kv7.1 protein, never mentioned before. We inserted this substitution in an expression plasmid containing Kv7.1 cDNA and studied the electrophysiological characteristics of the mutated channel expressed in CHO-K1 using the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique. Expression of the mutant Kv7.1 channel in both homo- and heterozygous conditions, in the presence of auxiliary subunit KCNE1, results in a significant decrease in tail current densities compared to the expression of wild-type (WT) Kv7.1 and KCNE1. This study also indicates that K422E point mutation causes a dominant negative effect. The mutation was not associated with a trafficking defect, the mutant channel protein was confirmed to localize at the cell membrane. This mutation disrupts the poly-Lys strip in the proximal part of the highly conserved cytoplasmic A-B linker of Kv7.1, which was not shown before to be crucial for channel functioning.