1) Background: We tested whether AHR activation induces DNA damage, whether polymorphisms in genes related to risk of Non-Hodgkin lymphoma are associated with DNA damage, and whether the two conditions do interact with each other. 2) Methods: Our study population included 36 subjects, randomly selected among the population controls participating in a case-control study on lymphoma in Sardinia, Italy, who donated a blood sample. We investigated 47 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) previously reported to convey risk of lymphoma; the Dual-Glo® Luciferase Assay System to detect activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) by the serum of study subjects; and the COMET Assay to detect DNA damage. 3) Results: Activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor did not increase DNA damage in our study population. On the other hand, the mutant allele (G) of rs1056932/BCL6 increased the occurrence of DNA damage (p = 0.045); such association was confirmed among AhR negative, but not AhR positive subjects. 4) Conclusions: We observed excess DNA damage associated with a gene polymorphism, namely rs1056932/ BCL6, previously reported in association with risk of lymphoma. No increase in DNA damage was associated with AhR activation per se, nor with the other gene polymorphisms we investigated.