This work shows the physicochemical and mineralogical characterization of diatomites form the Hidalgo and Jalisco States, Mexico. In the case of the mineral from Hidalgo State, this has the following chemical composition; 70.0 % wt. SiO2, 11.63 wt. % Al2O3, 1.95 wt. % FeO, 1.79 wt. % MgO, 2.41 wt. % K2O, 0.85 wt. % CaO and 6.10 wt. % Na2O. On the other hand, the mineral from Jalisco has the following chemical composition; 93.58 wt. % SiO2, 3.03 wt. % Al2O3, 1.81 wt. % FeO, 0.40 wt. % MgO, 0.92 wt. % K2O, 0.11 wt. % CaO and 0.24 wt. % Na2O. For recovery of metals, both minerals got arsenic, silver, lead and nickel recoveries upper to 95 % and lower to 10 % for chromium. According to efficiency of interchange, the mineral from Hidalgo is slightly higher in the case of arsenic, lead and silver; while for nickel and particularly chromium (VI) the efficiency is higher for the mineral from Jalisco.