Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Modifiable Lifestyle Factors and their Relationships with Metabolic Disorders among Adults in Burkina Faso: Findings from the First National Survey

Version 1 : Received: 10 October 2021 / Approved: 12 October 2021 / Online: 12 October 2021 (21:02:23 CEST)

How to cite: Diendéré, J.; Kaboré, J.; Zeba, A.N.; Bosu, W.K.; Somé, J.W.; Garanet, F.; Ouédraogo, V.P.; Savadogo, A.A.; Millogo, A. Modifiable Lifestyle Factors and their Relationships with Metabolic Disorders among Adults in Burkina Faso: Findings from the First National Survey. Preprints 2021, 2021100188 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202110.0188.v1). Diendéré, J.; Kaboré, J.; Zeba, A.N.; Bosu, W.K.; Somé, J.W.; Garanet, F.; Ouédraogo, V.P.; Savadogo, A.A.; Millogo, A. Modifiable Lifestyle Factors and their Relationships with Metabolic Disorders among Adults in Burkina Faso: Findings from the First National Survey. Preprints 2021, 2021100188 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202110.0188.v1).

Abstract

This study aimed to report the magnitude of modifiable lifestyle factors, their relationships with metabolic disorders in Burkinabè adults by using nationally representative data. This cross-sectional study included 4100 adults selected through multistage cluster sampling performed during the first national survey conducted in 2013 in Burkina Faso. The modifiable factors we considered were tooth cleaning, fruit and/or vegetable (FV) intake, substances’ use, physical activity and overweight/obesity, while metabolic syndrome abnormal components defined metabolic disorders. We performed logistic regressions. 31.1% cleaned the teeth at least twice a day, 14.7% consumed five or more FV, 39.7% used alcohol and/or tobacco, the prevalence of physical inactivity and overweight/obesity was respectively 6.6% and 17.7%. About 41.0% had at least two metabolic disorders and 9.5% had at least three. Lifestyle factors associated with having at least two metabolic disorders were overweight/obesity, more FV intake (when five or more aOR=1.5, p<0.001), physical inactivity (aOR=1.3, p<0.05), tooth cleaning (aOR=0.8, p<0.01). Except for consuming five or more FV (aOR=1.4, p=0.09), the same trend of relationships was observed with having at least three metabolic disorders. Excluding overweight/obesity and physical inactivity, unhealthy modifiable lifestyle factors were common and tooth cleaning was found as a protective practice for metabolic disorders.

Keywords

Modifiable lifestyle factors; Metabolic disorders; Prevalence; Relationships; Burkina Faso

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