Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Personalization of a Human Body Model Using Subject-Specific Clothing Industry Dimensions

Version 1 : Received: 17 September 2021 / Approved: 20 September 2021 / Online: 20 September 2021 (14:15:24 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Hynčík, L.; Čechová, H.; Bońkowski, T.; Kavalířová, G.; Špottová, P.; Hampejsová, V.; Meng, H. Personalization of a Human Body Model Using Subject-Specific Dimensions for Designing Clothing Patterns. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 10138. Hynčík, L.; Čechová, H.; Bońkowski, T.; Kavalířová, G.; Špottová, P.; Hampejsová, V.; Meng, H. Personalization of a Human Body Model Using Subject-Specific Dimensions for Designing Clothing Patterns. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 10138.

Journal reference: Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 10138
DOI: 10.3390/app112110138

Abstract

Virtual human body models contribute to designing safe and user-friendly products through virtual prototyping. Anthropometric biomechanical models address different physiques using average dimensions. In designing personal protective equipment, biomechanical models with the correct geometry and shape shall play a role. The presented study shows the variations of subject-specific anthropometric dimensions from the average for the different population groups in the Czech Republic and China as a background for the need for personalized human body models. The study measures a set of clothing industry dimensions of Czech children, Czech teens, Czech adults and Chinese adults and compares them to the corresponding age average, which is represented by a scaled anthropometric human body model. The cumulative variation of clothing industry dimensions increases the farer is the population group from the average. It is smallest for the Czech adults 7.54% ± 6.63%, Czech teens report 7.93% ± 6.25% and Czech children differ 9.52% ± 6.08%. Chinese adults report 10.86% ± 11.11%. As the variations of the particular clothing industry dimensions from the average prove the necessity of having personalized subject-specific models, the personalization of particular body segments using the measured clothing industry dimensions leading to a subject-specific virtual model is addressed. The developed personalization algorithm results in the continuous body surface desired for contact applications for assessing body behavior and injury risk under impact loading.

Keywords

human body; anthropometric dimensions; personalization; subject-specific model; biofidelity

Subject

ENGINEERING, Biomedical & Chemical Engineering

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