Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Photoacoustic Imaging for Periodontal Disease Examination

Version 1 : Received: 22 July 2021 / Approved: 23 July 2021 / Online: 23 July 2021 (08:10:44 CEST)

How to cite: Mitrayana, M.; Sari, A.W.; Widyaningrum, R. Photoacoustic Imaging for Periodontal Disease Examination. Preprints 2021, 2021070529 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0529.v1). Mitrayana, M.; Sari, A.W.; Widyaningrum, R. Photoacoustic Imaging for Periodontal Disease Examination. Preprints 2021, 2021070529 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0529.v1).

Abstract

Inflammation of the periodontal tissue (periodontitis) is the highest problem of oral health in Indonesia after caries. Photoacoustic imaging (PAI) is a new imaging technique that can be simply constructed using a diode laser combined with a condenser microphone. This study aims to determine that a simple PAI system was able to image periodontal disease in animal model. Samples of the study were normal periodontal and periodontitis tissue, obtained from Sprague-Dawley rats that were divided into four groups, i.e. the control group, treatment group 1 (7 days periodontitis induction), treatment group 2 (11 days periodontitis induction), and treatment group 3 (14 days periodontitis induction). The PAI system was controlled by Labview and Arduino IDE software from a personal computer. Results of the study reveal that the optimal frequency of laser modulation for periodontal tissue imaging was 19 kHz with duty cycle of 50%. Photoacoustic (PA) intensity was obtained from higher to lower of -68,71 dB (treatment group 3), -70,69 dB (treatment group 2), -71,69 dB (treatment group 1), and -73,07 dB (control group) respectively. The photoacoustic images were analyzed to define the contrast between sample and media. The PA intensity of the samples were higher than media. Therefore, this study demonstrate the feasibility of simple PAI system to differentiate normal periodontal tissue and periodontitis.

Keywords

diode laser, imaging, periodontal, photoacoustic.

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