Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Review of Schemes and Policies for Urban Transport in India with Reference to Socio-Equity Considerations

Version 1 : Received: 9 July 2021 / Approved: 9 July 2021 / Online: 9 July 2021 (13:55:49 CEST)

How to cite: Tiwari, R.; Garg, Y.; Negi, U. Review of Schemes and Policies for Urban Transport in India with Reference to Socio-Equity Considerations. Preprints 2021, 2021070226 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0226.v1). Tiwari, R.; Garg, Y.; Negi, U. Review of Schemes and Policies for Urban Transport in India with Reference to Socio-Equity Considerations. Preprints 2021, 2021070226 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202107.0226.v1).

Abstract

Public Transport has been seen since ages as the most environmentally sustainable mode of transport. The users of public transport are diverse and have different socio-economic character. Hence the public transport which is not only supposed to be environmentally sustainable but also envisaged to ensure equity amongst various stakeholders of society like the females, elderly and other vulnerable groups through its service. Gender in binary terms of being differentiated based on men and women is a social construct. Public transport systems in developing countries like India witness socio-cultural factors that shape the experience of women in public spaces by social norms extant in society. Along with this, gender-based issues related to public transport are social and behavioural shortcomings as a consequence of a lack of gender sensitivity. On similar lines, elderly have a negative experience involving safety threats, physical and psychological discomfort while accessing public transport systems. The literature published regarding such issues on the gender and elderly question in public transport systems have been studied and has been brought forth under a stand- alone narrative literature review. A literature review is a prerequisite to conducting either stand-alone reviews or as a preliminary study to be supported with quantitative or qualitative analysis. Here, a stand-alone literature review concerning issues in the public transport system in India has been performed. A narrative type of review is conducted to provide an overview of pre- existing published literature. Narrative overviews are useful educational articles as they help present a broad perspective on a topic and often define the development of a problem and/or ways to manage it. The semi-systematic or narrative-review approach is designed for topics that have been theorized differently and studied within diverse disciplines making it unfavourable to study under a full systematic-review process which majorly caters to reviewing quantitative researches. As narrative-styled literature reviews prefer a semi- systematic data collection method, utmost care has been taken to include perspectives from diverse disciplines. The scope of this review is restricted to summarizing the Indian policies, schemes of public transport in light of socio-equity consideration while narrowing the inherent discrepancies within the socio-cultural ethos of the Indian society which influences socio-equity consideration in public spaces in general and the modes of public transport in particular. Research articles from electronic databases were selected based on relevance to understand the issues this viewpoint, their essential findings and possible recommendations are formulated to provide a comprehensive summary of previous researches.

Keywords

Socio-Equity; Urban Transport; Policies; India

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