Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Influencing Factors of Stroke Awareness Among Hypertensive Patients in Community Health Centers in Indonesia

Version 1 : Received: 15 June 2021 / Approved: 16 June 2021 / Online: 16 June 2021 (09:35:30 CEST)

How to cite: Setyopranoto, I.; Upoyo, A.S.; Isworo, A.; Sari, Y.; Vidyanti, A.N. Influencing Factors of Stroke Awareness Among Hypertensive Patients in Community Health Centers in Indonesia. Preprints 2021, 2021060430 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0430.v1). Setyopranoto, I.; Upoyo, A.S.; Isworo, A.; Sari, Y.; Vidyanti, A.N. Influencing Factors of Stroke Awareness Among Hypertensive Patients in Community Health Centers in Indonesia. Preprints 2021, 2021060430 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202106.0430.v1).

Abstract

The global burden of stroke is still high, particularly in developing countries, with hypertension serves as the main risk factor. Knowledge related to stroke is essential to establish better prevention strategies. This study aimed to identify factors associated with stroke awareness among hypertensive patients in Indonesia. This was a cross-sectional study conducted in five Community Health Centers in Indonesia. We used a standardized questionnaire to asses stroke awareness and the influencing factors. The knowledge on hypertension was assessed using Hypertension Knowledge Level Scale (HK-LS). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to measure factors associated with stroke awareness. A total of 457 hypertensive patients were included. Majority of patients (77.46%) had low stroke awareness. Having higher knowledge on hypertension, higher income, and a history of previous stroke were associated with higher level of stroke awareness (odds ratio [OR] 1.878, 95%CI 1.176-2.999, p 0.008; OR 1.887, 95%CI 1.170-3.045, p 0.009; OR 5.276, 95%CI 2.210-12.594, p<0.001, respectively). This study suggests that knowledge on hypertension, income, and history of previous stroke are factors which may influence the level of stroke awareness. This emphasizes the need to provide better campaign and education program to raise stroke awareness in a community setting.

Keywords

stroke awareness; hypertensive patients; community health center; Indonesia

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