Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Tools for Edible Cities: A Review of Tools for Planning and Assessing Edible Nature-Based Solutions

Version 1 : Received: 28 May 2021 / Approved: 31 May 2021 / Online: 31 May 2021 (11:30:52 CEST)

How to cite: Mino, E.; Pueyo-Ros, J.; Škerjanec, M.; Castellar, J.A.; Viljoen, A.; Istenič, D.; Atanasova, N.; Bohn, K.; Comas, J. Tools for Edible Cities: A Review of Tools for Planning and Assessing Edible Nature-Based Solutions. Preprints 2021, 2021050747 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0747.v1). Mino, E.; Pueyo-Ros, J.; Škerjanec, M.; Castellar, J.A.; Viljoen, A.; Istenič, D.; Atanasova, N.; Bohn, K.; Comas, J. Tools for Edible Cities: A Review of Tools for Planning and Assessing Edible Nature-Based Solutions. Preprints 2021, 2021050747 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0747.v1).

Abstract

In the last five years, European research and innovation programmes have prioritised the development of online catalogues and tools (handbooks, models, etc.) to facilitate the implementation and monitoring of Nature Based Solutions (NBS). However, only a few catalogues and toolkits within European programmes are directly related to mainstreaming of NBS for food production (i.e., edible NBS). Therefore, the main aim of this paper is to present existing NBS tools through the eyes of productive urban landscapes. We reviewed 32 projects related to NBS and 50 tools were identified and characterised. Then, the 6 tools already available, and providing indicators, were further analysed in terms of their format and knowledge domains. Our main conclusion demonstrates that there is a lack of tools capable of supporting users for planning and implementing edible NBS, calculating the food potential of the city and/or of individual edible NBS, including the needed resources for implementation and operation (water, nutrients, energy), and assessing their urban design value, environmental and socio-economic impacts. And when they do exist, there is a resistance to share the models and equations behind the tools to allow other projects to reuse or validate them, fact which is contrary to Open Science principles stood up by many research public agencies.

Subject Areas

nature-based solutions; productive urban landscapes; decision support systems; edible cities; urban agriculture; circular economy

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