Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Research on Parameters of Wire-Filling Laser Welding and Quenching Process for Joints Microstructure and Mechanical Property of BR1500HS Steel

Version 1 : Received: 30 May 2021 / Approved: 31 May 2021 / Online: 31 May 2021 (10:44:24 CEST)

How to cite: Zhou, L.; Zhu, C.; Ma, R.; Wei, Z. Research on Parameters of Wire-Filling Laser Welding and Quenching Process for Joints Microstructure and Mechanical Property of BR1500HS Steel. Preprints 2021, 2021050738 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0738.v1). Zhou, L.; Zhu, C.; Ma, R.; Wei, Z. Research on Parameters of Wire-Filling Laser Welding and Quenching Process for Joints Microstructure and Mechanical Property of BR1500HS Steel. Preprints 2021, 2021050738 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202105.0738.v1).

Abstract

With the aim to investigate the effect of parameter and quenching process on the joint of hot stamping steel by laser welding, the BR1500HS boron steel was welded by filling-wire laser welding with ER70-G welding wire under different parameters. The welded specimens were heated to 900℃ and held for 5min before water quenching. The universal material test machine, Optical micro-scope, Vickers hardness tester, scanning electron microscope and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) were used to characterize. The results showed that the macroscopic morphology of fusion zone (FZ) becomes from funnelform to hyperbolic curve shape when heat input increases and from hyperbolic curve shape to funnelform when wire-feed speed increases. The strength after quenching is more than 1557Mpa at heat input of 1040J/cm, wire feeding speed of 1.6m/min~1.8m/min and welding speed of 1.5m/min. EBSD test showed that the FZ and fine grain zone (FGZ) have more retained austenite (RA) than coarse grain zone (CGZ) before quenching and RA in FZ and heat affect zone (HAZ) decreased and distributed uniformed after quenching. The grain diameter in FZ distribute unevenly, with the maximum grain diameter larger than 40μm before quenching. After quenching, the grain diameter of FZ, HAZ and BM is more even and coarse grains in the FZ was refined. Before quenching, the microhardness of FZ and HAZ is of 450HV~500HV at different heat input and wire-feed speed and all region of joint keeps at 450HV~550HV after quenching. Most dimple and little river pattern in the joint fracture mor-phology before quenching indicates a well plasticity and most cleavage facet is observed after quenching due to the joint combine with martensite.

Subject Areas

Wire-filling laser welding; Quenching; Process parameters; Grain diameter; Retained austenite

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