Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Changes in Facial Recognition and Facial Expressions with Age

Version 1 : Received: 17 April 2021 / Approved: 20 April 2021 / Online: 20 April 2021 (12:47:43 CEST)

How to cite: Ko, H.; Kim, K.; Bae, M.; Seo, M.; Nam, G.; Park, S.; Park, S.; Ihm, J.; Lee, J. Changes in Facial Recognition and Facial Expressions with Age. Preprints 2021, 2021040542 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0542.v1). Ko, H.; Kim, K.; Bae, M.; Seo, M.; Nam, G.; Park, S.; Park, S.; Ihm, J.; Lee, J. Changes in Facial Recognition and Facial Expressions with Age. Preprints 2021, 2021040542 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202104.0542.v1).

Abstract

The ability to express and recognize emotion via facial expressions is well known to change with age. The present study investigated the differences in the facial recognition and facial expression of the elderly (n = 57) and the young (n = 115) and measure how each group uses different facial muscles for each emotion with Facial Action Coding System (FACS). In facial recognition task, the elderly did not recognize facial expressions better than young people and reported stronger feelings of fear and sad from photographs. In making facial expression task, the elderly rated all their facial expressions as stronger than the younger, but in fact, they expressed strong expressions in fear and anger. Furthermore, the elderly used more muscles in the lower face when making facial expressions than younger people. These results help to understand better how the facial recognition and expression of the elderly change, and show that the elderly do not effectively execute the top-down processing concerning facial expression.

Subject Areas

action unit; aging; emotion; facial expression; facial recognition

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