Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Spatiotemporal Response of Vegetation to Rainfall and Temperature fluctuations in the Sahel. Case study in the Forest Reserve of Fina, Mali

Version 1 : Received: 3 April 2021 / Approved: 5 April 2021 / Online: 5 April 2021 (14:24:12 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Sanogo, K.; Birhanu, B.Z.; Sanogo, S.; Aishetu, A.; Ba, A. Spatiotemporal Response of Vegetation to Rainfall and Air Temperature Fluctuations in the Sahel: Case Study in the Forest Reserve of Fina, Mali. Sustainability 2021, 13, 6250. Sanogo, K.; Birhanu, B.Z.; Sanogo, S.; Aishetu, A.; Ba, A. Spatiotemporal Response of Vegetation to Rainfall and Air Temperature Fluctuations in the Sahel: Case Study in the Forest Reserve of Fina, Mali. Sustainability 2021, 13, 6250.

Journal reference: Sustainability 2021, 13, 6250
DOI: 10.3390/su13116250

Abstract

Forests constitute a key component of the Earth system but the sustainability of the forest reserves in the semi-arid zone is a real concern since its vegetation is very sensitive to the climate fluctuation. The understanding of the mechanisms for the interaction vegetation-climate is poorly studied in the context of African Sahel. In this study, the characteristics of the vegetation response to the fluctuations of precipitation and temperature is determined for the forest reserve of Fina. Rainfall estimates, air temperature and NDVI are used to establish the lag correlations between fluctuations of vegetation and climate variables at both seasonal and interannual bases. Results shows increasing tendency of NDVI started from the 1990s coinciding the recovery of the rainfall from the 1980s drought and the obtained correlation(r=0.66) is statistically significant (pvalue<0.01). The strongest responses of vegetation to rainfall and temperature fluctuations were found after 30 and 15 days, respectively. Moreover, at shorter time lag (e.g. 15 days) more pronounced vegetation responses to both rainfall and temperature were found in agricultural dominated land while at longer time lag (e.g. 30 days) stronger response was observed in Bare dominated land. The vegetation response to the climate fluctuation is modulated by the land use/cover dynamics. Keywords: NDVI, Rainfall, Air temperature, vegetation response, Fina Forest Reserve, Mali.

Keywords

NDVI; Rainfall; Air temperature; vegetation response; Fina Forest Reserve; Mali

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