Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Role of Resveratrol in Prevention and Control of Cardiovascular Disorders and Cardiovascular Complications Related to Covid-19 Disease: Mode of Action and Approaches Explored to Increase Its Bioavailability

Version 1 : Received: 15 March 2021 / Approved: 16 March 2021 / Online: 16 March 2021 (12:00:17 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Gligorijević, N.; Stanić-Vučinić, D.; Radomirović, M.; Stojadinović, M.; Khulal, U.; Nedić, O.; Ćirković Veličković, T. Role of Resveratrol in Prevention and Control of Cardiovascular Disorders and Cardiovascular Complications Related to COVID-19 Disease: Mode of Action and Approaches Explored to Increase Its Bioavailability. Molecules 2021, 26, 2834. Gligorijević, N.; Stanić-Vučinić, D.; Radomirović, M.; Stojadinović, M.; Khulal, U.; Nedić, O.; Ćirković Veličković, T. Role of Resveratrol in Prevention and Control of Cardiovascular Disorders and Cardiovascular Complications Related to COVID-19 Disease: Mode of Action and Approaches Explored to Increase Its Bioavailability. Molecules 2021, 26, 2834.

Journal reference: Molecules 2021, 26, 2834
DOI: 10.3390/molecules26102834

Abstract

Resveratrol is a phytoalexin produced by many plants as a defense mechanism against stress-inducing conditions. The richest dietary sources of resveratrol are berries and grapes, their juices and wines. Good bioavailability of resveratrol is not reflected in its high biological activity in vivo because of resveratrol isomerization and its poor solubility in aqueous solutions. Proteins, cyclodextrins and nanomaterials have been explored as innovative delivery vehicles for resveratrol to overcome this limitation. Numerous in vitro and in vivo studies demonstrated beneficial effects of resveratrol in cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Main beneficial effects of resveratrol intake are cardioprotective, anti-hypertensive, vasodilatory, anti-diabetic, and improvement of lipid status. As resveratrol can alleviate the numerous factors associated with CVD, it has potential as a functional supplement to reduce COVID-19 illness severity in patients displaying poor prognosis due to cardio-vascular complications. Resveratrol was shown to mitigate the major pathways involved in the pathogenesis of SARS-CoV-2 including regulation of the renin-angiotensin system and expression of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2, stimulation of immune system and downregulation of pro-inflammatory cytokines release. Therefore, several studies already have anticipated potential implementation of resveratrol in COVID-19 treatment. Regular intake of resveratrol rich diet, or resveratrol-based complementary medicaments, may contribute to a healthier cardio-vascular system, prevention and control of CVD, including COVID-19 disease related complications of CVD.

Keywords

Resveratrol; Cardiovascular disease; Bioavailability; Diet; COVID-19; Resveratrol carriers; Cardiovascular protection

Subject

CHEMISTRY, Analytical Chemistry

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