Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Application of Mesenchymal Stem Cells on Wound Repair and Regeneration

Version 1 : Received: 2 March 2021 / Approved: 8 March 2021 / Online: 8 March 2021 (15:26:04 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Lopes, B.; Sousa, P.; Alvites, R.; Branquinho, M.; Sousa, A.; Mendonça, C.; Atayde, L.M.; Maurício, A.C. The Application of Mesenchymal Stem Cells on Wound Repair and Regeneration. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 3000. Lopes, B.; Sousa, P.; Alvites, R.; Branquinho, M.; Sousa, A.; Mendonça, C.; Atayde, L.M.; Maurício, A.C. The Application of Mesenchymal Stem Cells on Wound Repair and Regeneration. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 3000.

Journal reference: Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 3000
DOI: 10.3390/app11073000

Abstract

In the past decades, regenerative medicine applied on skin lesions has been a field of constant improvement for both human and veterinary medicine. The process of healing cutaneous wound injuries implicates a well-organized cascade of molecular and biological processes. However, sometimes the normal process fails and can result in a chronic lesion. In addition, wounds are considered an increasing clinical impairment, due to the progressive ageing of the population, as well as the prevalence of concomitant diseases, such as diabetes and obesity, that represent risk aggravating factors for the development of chronic skin lesions. Stem cells regenerative potential has been recognized worldwide, including towards skin lesion repair, Tissue engineering techniques have long been successfully associated with stem cell therapies, namely the application of 3D bioprinted scaffolds. With this review we intend to explore several stem cell sources with promising aptitude towards skin regeneration, as well as different techniques used to deliver those cells and provide a supporting extracellular matrix environment, with effective outcomes. Furthermore, different studies are discussed, both in vitro and in vivo, towards their relevance in the skin regeneration field.

Subject Areas

skin regeneration; wound healing; skin stem cells; skin vascularization; 3D printing.

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