Lopes, B.; Sousa, P.; Alvites, R.; Branquinho, M.; Sousa, A.; Mendonça, C.; Atayde, L.M.; Maurício, A.C. The Application of Mesenchymal Stem Cells on Wound Repair and Regeneration. Appl. Sci.2021, 11, 3000.
Lopes, B.; Sousa, P.; Alvites, R.; Branquinho, M.; Sousa, A.; Mendonça, C.; Atayde, L.M.; Maurício, A.C. The Application of Mesenchymal Stem Cells on Wound Repair and Regeneration. Appl. Sci. 2021, 11, 3000.
In the past decades, regenerative medicine applied on skin lesions has been a field of constant improvement for both human and veterinary medicine. The process of healing cutaneous wound injuries implicates a well-organized cascade of molecular and biological processes. However, sometimes the normal process fails and can result in a chronic lesion. In addition, wounds are considered an increasing clinical impairment, due to the progressive ageing of the population, as well as the prevalence of concomitant diseases, such as diabetes and obesity, that represent risk aggravating factors for the development of chronic skin lesions. Stem cells regenerative potential has been recognized worldwide, including towards skin lesion repair, Tissue engineering techniques have long been successfully associated with stem cell therapies, namely the application of 3D bioprinted scaffolds. With this review we intend to explore several stem cell sources with promising aptitude towards skin regeneration, as well as different techniques used to deliver those cells and provide a supporting extracellular matrix environment, with effective outcomes. Furthermore, different studies are discussed, both in vitro and in vivo, towards their relevance in the skin regeneration field.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.