Preprint Article Version 2 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Clinical Benefits of Conversion Surgery for Unresectable Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma: A Single-Institution, Retrospective Analysis

Version 1 : Received: 1 February 2021 / Approved: 2 February 2021 / Online: 2 February 2021 (11:36:35 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 13 February 2021 / Approved: 17 February 2021 / Online: 17 February 2021 (09:57:14 CET)

How to cite: Mataki, Y.; Kurahara, H.; Idichi, T.; Tanoue, K.; Hozaka, Y.; Kawasaki, Y.; Iino, S.; Maemura, K.; Shinchi, H.; Ohtsuka, T. Clinical Benefits of Conversion Surgery for Unresectable Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma: A Single-Institution, Retrospective Analysis. Preprints 2021, 2021020085 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0085.v2). Mataki, Y.; Kurahara, H.; Idichi, T.; Tanoue, K.; Hozaka, Y.; Kawasaki, Y.; Iino, S.; Maemura, K.; Shinchi, H.; Ohtsuka, T. Clinical Benefits of Conversion Surgery for Unresectable Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma: A Single-Institution, Retrospective Analysis. Preprints 2021, 2021020085 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202102.0085.v2).

Abstract

BackgroundUnresectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (UR-PDAC) has a poor prognosis. Conversion surgery is considered a promising strategy for improving the prognosis of UR-PDAC. This study aimed to investigate the clinical benefits of conversion surgery in patients with UR-PDAC.Methods: We retrospectively evaluated patients with PDAC who were referred to our department for possible surgical resection between January 2006 and December 2019. Conversion surgery was performed only in patients with UR-PDAC who could expect R0 resection. We analyzed the prognostic factors for overall survival among patients who underwent conversion surgery. Results: Overall, 638 patients with advanced pancreatic cancer were enrolled in this study. According to resectability, resectable cancer (R) was present in 180 patients, borderline resectable cancer (BR) in 60, unresectable locally advanced cancer (UR-LA) in 252, and unresectable cancer with distant metastasis (UR-M) in 146. Conversion surgery was performed in 20 of the 398 UR cases (5.1%). The median period between the initial therapy and conversion surgery was 15.5 months. According to the RECIST evaluation, the treatment response was CR in one patient, PR in 13, SD in five, and PD in one. Downstaging was pathologically determined in all cases. According to the Evans grading system, grade I was observed in four patients (20%), grade IIb in seven (35%), III in seven (35%), and IV in two (10%). We compared the overall survival period from initial treatment among patients undergoing conversion surgery; the median overall survival durations in the conversion surgery, R, BR, UR-LA, and UR-M groups were 73.7, 32.7, 22.7, 15.7, and 8.8 months, respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that the presence or absence of CRT and the RECIST PR/CR for the main tumor were statistically significant prognostic factors for overall survival among patients undergoing conversion surgery (p = 0.004 and 0.03, respectively).Conclusion: In UR-PDAC, it is important to perform multidisciplinary treatment, including CRT with conversion surgery.

Subject Areas

unresectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma; conversion surgery; chemoradiotherapy

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