Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Bioactive Metabolites from the Endophytic Fungus Aspergillus sp. SPH2

Version 1 : Received: 15 December 2020 / Approved: 16 December 2020 / Online: 16 December 2020 (12:18:34 CET)

How to cite: Morales-Sánchez, V.; Díaz, C.E.; Trujillo, E.; Muñoz, R.; Olmeda, A.S.; Valcarcel, F.; Andrés, M.F.; Gonzalez-Coloma, A. Bioactive Metabolites from the Endophytic Fungus Aspergillus sp. SPH2. Preprints 2020, 2020120407 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0407.v1). Morales-Sánchez, V.; Díaz, C.E.; Trujillo, E.; Muñoz, R.; Olmeda, A.S.; Valcarcel, F.; Andrés, M.F.; Gonzalez-Coloma, A. Bioactive Metabolites from the Endophytic Fungus Aspergillus sp. SPH2. Preprints 2020, 2020120407 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202012.0407.v1).

Abstract

In the current study, an ethyl acetate extract from the endophytic fungus Aspergillus ochraceus SPH2 isolated from the stem parts of the endemic plant Bethencourtia palmensis was screened for its biocontrol properties against plant pathogens (Fusarium moniliforme, Alternaria alternata and Botrytis cinerea), insect pests (Spodoptera littoralis, Myzus persicae, Rhopalosiphum padi), plant parasites (Meloidogyne javanica) and ticks (Hyalomma lusitanicum). SPH2 gave extracts with strong fungicidal and ixodicidal effects at different fermentation times. The bioguided isolation of these extracts gave compounds 1-3. Mellein (1) showed strong ixodicidal effects and was also fungicidal. This is the first report on the ixodicidal effects of 1. Neoaspergillic acid (2) showed potent antifungal effects. Compound 2 appeared during the exponential phase of the fungal growth while neohydroxyaspergillic acid (3) appeared during the stationary phase, suggesting that 2 is the biosynthetic precursor of 3. Additional molecular ions compatible with pyrazynes that were detected during the exponential phase included flavacol, and aspergilliamide while ochramide A was mostly detected during the stationary phase of the fermentation. Moreover, polyketids were also detected during the sationaty phase of the fermentation curve (dihydroaspyrone, aspyrone, asperlactone) and the alkaloid circumdatin H. Ochratoxin A was not detected. Therefore, SPH2 could be a potential biotechnological tool for the production of ixodicidal mellein.

Subject Areas

Endophyte; Aspergillus ochraceus; antifungal; neoaspergillic acid; ixodicidal; mellein

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