Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Factors Associated with Non-Attendance at Dental Preventive Care in Slovak Adolescents

Version 1 : Received: 15 December 2020 / Approved: 15 December 2020 / Online: 15 December 2020 (10:35:17 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Samohyl, M.; Babjakova, J.; Vondrova, D.; Jurkovicova, J.; Stofko, J.; Kollar, B.; Hirosova, K.; Filova, A.; Argalasova, L. Factors Associated with Non-Attendance at Dental Preventive Care in Slovak High School Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1295. Samohyl, M.; Babjakova, J.; Vondrova, D.; Jurkovicova, J.; Stofko, J.; Kollar, B.; Hirosova, K.; Filova, A.; Argalasova, L. Factors Associated with Non-Attendance at Dental Preventive Care in Slovak High School Students. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1295.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1295
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18031295

Abstract

Abstract: The study aimed to determine the factors associated with the avoidance of dental preventive care in adolescents and their parents in the framework of The Youth and Parents Risk Factor Behavior Survey in Slovakia has been initiated during the years 2015/2016. The data were collected using two separate standardized questionnaires: (i) the questionnaire for adolescents (n=515) and (ii) the questionnaire for parents (n=681). The study group consisted of 57 adolescents (54.4% males) who did not visit the dentist for preventive care in the previous year. The control group consisted of 458 adolescents (35.8% males) who visited a dentist for preventive care at least once in the previous year. A significantly higher number of males (54.4%), older adolescents (21.4%) were not visiting dental preventive care regularly. Incomplete family (56.1%), stressful situations at home (17.5%), and feeling unwell were observed as the factors contributing to the avoidance of dental preventive care. More than 34.5% of adolescents were not visiting either dental preventive care but also pediatric preventive care (AOR=5.14; 95%CI=2.40, 10.99). Divorced mothers and mothers with household income lower than 900 € had significantly higher dental care avoidance in their children. A significantly higher percentage of fathers from the exposed group were not visiting dental preventive care regularly (47.8%; p< .05). The results of the study can be used as an educational intervention steps focusing on the influence of parental and adolescent behavior in dental preventive care.

Keywords

dental preventive care; adolescents; risk factors

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