Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Global Trends in Child Obesity: Are Figures Converging?

Version 1 : Received: 23 November 2020 / Approved: 25 November 2020 / Online: 25 November 2020 (12:52:34 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

González-Álvarez, M.A.; Lázaro-Alquézar, A.; Simón-Fernández, M.B. Global Trends in Child Obesity: Are Figures Converging? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9252. González-Álvarez, M.A.; Lázaro-Alquézar, A.; Simón-Fernández, M.B. Global Trends in Child Obesity: Are Figures Converging? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9252.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 9252
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17249252

Abstract

Infant obesity has become one of the most serious global health challenges of our time. The combined prevalence of overweight and obesity has rapidly increased worldwide during the last two decades, especially in some developing countries where obesity is reaching levels on a par with some industrialized countries, or even higher. This fast growth has occurred especially in countries in the midst of rapid social-economic transitions. Most international comparisons focus on the adult population while analyses focusing on the child population are more limited. Using the methodology developed by Phillips and Sul [1], this paper studies the worldwide evolution of infant body mass index (BMI), overweight and obesity prevalence for a large sample of countries during the period 1975-2016. Our results indicate that the figures for BMI or the prevalence of obesity in different countries do not converge, while the opposite is the case for overweight prevalence in children. Furthermore, there is a non-linear relationship between obesity and income or human capital, indicating that low and middle-income countries require a strong initiative for health policies targeting obesity prevention.

Subject Areas

BMI, Child Obesity; Convergence; Clubs; Gender differences

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.
We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience.
Read more about our cookies here.