Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

A Data Driven Approach for the Measurement of 10Be/9Be in Cosmic Rays with Magnetic Spectrometers

Version 1 : Received: 19 November 2020 / Approved: 23 November 2020 / Online: 23 November 2020 (09:43:50 CET)

How to cite: Nozzoli, F.; Cernetti, C. A Data Driven Approach for the Measurement of 10Be/9Be in Cosmic Rays with Magnetic Spectrometers. Preprints 2020, 2020110575 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0575.v1). Nozzoli, F.; Cernetti, C. A Data Driven Approach for the Measurement of 10Be/9Be in Cosmic Rays with Magnetic Spectrometers. Preprints 2020, 2020110575 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202011.0575.v1).

Abstract

Cosmic Rays (CR) are a powerful tool for the investigation of the structure of the magnetic fields in the galactic halo and the property of the Inter-Stellar Medium. Two parameters of the CR propagation models: the galactic halo thickness, H, and the diffusion coefficient, D, are loosely constrained by current CR flux measurements, in particular a large degeneracy exist being only H/D well measured. The 10Be/9Be isotopic flux ratio (thanks to the 2 My lifetime of 10Be) can be used as a radioactive clock providing the measurement of CR residence time in the galaxy. This is an important tool to solve the H/D degeneracy. Past measurements of 10Be/9Be isotopic flux ratio in CR are scarce, limited to low energy and affected by large uncertainties. Here a new technique to measure 10Be/9Be isotopic flux ratio, with a Data-Driven approach, in magnetic spectrometers is presented. As an example by applying the method to Beryllium events published by PAMELA experiment it is now possible to determine the important 10Be/9Be measurement avoiding the prohibitive uncertainties coming from the Monte Carlo simulation. It is shown how the accuracy of PAMELA data permits to infer a value of the halo thickness H within 25% precision.

Subject Areas

astroparticle physics; cosmic rays; galactic halo

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